Monarchy Monarchy which is a system of governing that power is sovereignty held by a single person was not very popular in Ancient Greek but was practice by some city-states. The most popular monarchies were those of Mecedonia and Epeiros and the
After the Dark Ages all true monarchs were all but gone except for the reconfiguration in Sparta (Carr, K.E. Government in Ancient Greece). Sparta had two kings instead of the more typical singular family rule. An aristocracy is a form of rule in which the elite all of the decisions. An example of this is in the city-state of Athens where only the wealthiest can hold powerful positions in government.
Even Winston Churchill said before, “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others.” Though democracy is an unsatisfactory form of government, it is better than dictatorial government or oligarchy, especially in ancient times. There are not too many civilizations accepting democracy as the form of government, but it was first practiced in Ancient Greece. Although at that time, only free men were counted as citizens, not included women, children, or slaves, vote was first developed in Ancient Greece. Five hundred names were drawn from a pool of all names of Athens citizens and those people could have a chance to make new laws and change old laws, then all citizens of Athens needed to vote for those laws.
Thesis: Pericles achieved all three goals that he had set through the use of democracy and help from the Delian League. Although he reached his goals, they didn’t last for very long because the soon-to-be conquerors, the Spartans, would soon leave Athens in Ruins. Pericles’ first goal was to strengthen the democracy. He increased the number of public officials that an income. Before this act, most public officials didn’t receive a salary, and only the most wealthy citizens could become an official.
To an extant, their governments never really achieved the idea of all are equal before the law. Apart from these parallels, they have many differences, for instance, Athens was heading towards ‘one man one vote’ which reflects its social progress and its right direction in becoming a democratic state. However, “The Sparta system combined elements of apartheid, oligarchy, monarchy, militarism, terroistic secret police…and democracy all
Another factor that shows the difference between Athens and Han China are their types of government. Document 4 is a quote from Pericles, an Athenian leader. Pericles stated, “Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole peoples” (Doc 4). This quote here shows the main difference between Han China and Classical Athens. IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can.
With various property classes voting as alliances. Every individual had just a single vote yet voting was winner take-all inside every property class. The littler, wealthier classes in this manner commanded the voting despite the fact that they contained less people. This assembly chose the highest magistrates:
The New Jersey plan gave the plan for a federal rather than a national government giving the congress the power to tax and commerce. Even though the Virginia Plan remained a large part of the convention the states were looking for equal representation. They wanted the upper
As the curule offices (including those of the praetors and consuls) were controlled by the wealthy aristocratic class, the optimates, these aristocrats also had the power to run the provinces. Within the provinces, the governors had to answer to the senate, but the senators were their fellow aristocrats. The governors mostly had free reign to do as they pleased with thier provinces and had full control over taxation and administration of the law. Taxes weren 't collected directly by the governor though, and Rome allowed the publicani (money dealers) collect the taxes on their behalf. The publicani could collect whatever taxes they wanted to, as long as they paid Rome
In Ancient Greece, Sparta, had laws that when you were born you were to be examined for any defects. If you had any you were to be thrown down in a valley to die, and if you were the first born male of your family you were put in a military camp to be trained for further uses. This took away their human rights on living free if you are a man, and if you are a woman you were to stay in the town and be a “house-wife.” The Spartan government wanted to make the city a stronger unit by taking away job choices. The Spartan government was a great government because, they trained young boys to be warriors, their population couldn’t have any flaws, and the people didn’t have a choice in job.
How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders? How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? How did they differ?
Women’s roles has changed dramatically throughout history. By looking at the lives of women, it would be possible to tell how the civilians at that specific period of time were living. In this paper, women’s lives in mainly three civilizations would be discussed, the Sparta, the Athens, and the Hellenistic era. In Sparta, women were needed to live at home, while their husbands remained in military barracks until the age thirty.
Spartan Women were encouraged to become intellectual and strong, they were able to marry and create their families at a much later point in their life, and finally the Spartan women was in way more control of her household, herself, as well as her husband than any other greek women was in history. They were not looked at as second class citizens, their opinions were valued and the woman herself was respected. To put it as simply as possible these ladies were pretty kick ass. Not only were Spartan women beautiful they were also encouraged to broaden their intellectual endeavors. Young girls were given a public education!
The stability of the Roman Republic and the Athenian Democracy is similar because they both had internal problems based on low income, yet the systems are different because participation in Rome was related to wealth, while participation in Athens wasn’t. To start, the stability of the Roman Republic and the Athenian Democracy was similar because they both had internal fights and reforms due to wealth. Specifically, the Gracchi brothers were a large part of the populares political group in Rome because of their efforts to redistribute land, set limits to the amount of land one can own, and make the state pay for military equipment, instead of the soldiers themselves. This represents how the Roman Republic had several problems regarding an unbalance in wealth. These were recognized by the Gracchi brothers, which led to such reforms.