Introduction Pollution has been around since Ancient Rome and is described as the contamination of our natural environment that is caused by chemicals and gas (Stromberg). Because of pollution in the air, more damaging consequences such as the formation of acid rain are triggered. The largest contributors to pollution are humans through industrial factories that expel foreign chemicals into the atmosphere and cause the formation of acid rain. This topic was chosen to explore the effect of man-made acid rain as a result of pollution in the air on plants, human health, and much more. The effect of pH on oxygen (O2) consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) production is worthy of investigation because human-caused acid rain is at large at many countries and may give clarity to other events that acid rain triggers.
Industrial corporations have continuously used bodies of water to their advantage by having their factories use water as an energy source and trash bin. Toxic chemicals are released by these factories and sometimes directly dumped back into the water. Aquatic plants benefit from the carbon dioxide released by factories, but too much can harm the biodiversity of that ecosystem and other marine life and acidity levels will also rise. A bigger population means more consumption and as the human consumption has increased throughout the years, landfills have been overflowed by large amounts of trash. When liquids and other materials begin to degrade, they release a juice that can be toxic if consumed.
Acid Rain is a form of precipitation that has high levels of hydrogen ions, and minimum ph. Acid rain can be harmful to plants and animals. The terrible chemicals in acid rain is sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which happens when molecules of water in the atmosphere to make acids. The chemicals in acid rain can peel paint from cars and cause corrosion. acid rain is incredibly power and terrible for our eco system.
If having disgusting matter in the water was not bad enough, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions are just as bad. According to a source, most of the gas emissions come from the electricity that it requires to run a slaughterhouse. “The main source of these emissions is from the electricity used to run the slaughterhouses and to get rid of the previously mentioned wastewater as well as packing, cooling and transporting the dead animals” (Farr). The reason why greenhouse gases are dangerous to the environment is because they have been connected to global warming. Two of the most common pollutants from slaughterhouses are carbon dioxide and methane.
Since the industrial revolution was solely powered by coal, it produced massive amounts of carbon dioxide that affected our earth. The pollution also affected a lot of people living in urban areas that were polluted by these gasses. In 1952, around 4000 people died because of polluted air in London over the course of several days. Pollution didn’t just affect humans; it also affected the animals and plants in the area, so wildlife suffered. Pollution was not all air pollution there was a lot of water pollution as well.
There are many positive outcomes from fracking, but it polluted the environment. As fracking can help get natural gas, it puts harsh chemicals in the air. In the town of Dish is in Texas, there has been toxic chemical brewing in the air from “cracked Barnett Shale more than two kilometers beneath the surface” said David Biello. Also fracking has created water pollution; water pollution is from leaks in wells that are poorly cased. David Biello states that “leaks from badly cased wells contaminated drinking water wells—and one even exploded” which shows that when things are not done properly problems can occur (Scientific American).
Particulate matter is dust particles, soot, fly ash and other particles in the air they come. Particulate matter can trigger asthma because they can get stuck in the lungs therefore, triggering asthma attacks. The major sources of particulate matter are coal power plants, factories, and diesel factories. Another air pollutant that triggers asthma attacks are ground level ozone. Ground level ozone is the toxic component of smog and it makes existing asthma worse.
When natural gas builds up it causes explosions also. Many people use natural gas to heat their water, but there are many reports of the water being contaminated and making people sick and their animals sick due to natural gas water heaters exploding. If a water heater explodes it can contaminate many water supplies not just one, if in town the water will contaminate some if not all of the households and it could expand further out. Today fracking in the United States is very common and very helpful, fracking produces natural gas which is used to fuel vehicles, heat homes and businesses, and is also used to cook with, although natural gas has its perks it also is a tad bit dangerous if not consumed correctly.
In my essay, I have tried to focus upon the fact that catalytic cracking reduces the emission of harmful gases in the environment as it eliminates most of the toxic waste in the process. Initially a lot of toxic waste was released into the environment due to which laws were formulated and technological advancement was done to reduce pollution. Technological advancement in the refinery industry resulted in easy and cheap production with profit in an environmental friendly way. Therefore if more research is conducted, environmental pollution can be further
Naturally occurring resources like rocks with iron, manganese and more can dissolve into groundwater, and the organic particles have a high concentration on human’s health. On a better note, some can only cause a bad smell or taste. Landfills can also contaminate water through the decomposition process that can release leachate into the water. These come from industrial and hazardous chemicals. They can only leach into the ground but then contaminate water.