MRI ,however, may not be an accurate gold standard, because M. A. Arnoldner et al,(66) found a 87% concordance between MRI and ultrasound for evaluating PTT pathology, Image findings for US were confirmed in 66.7% by intraoperative inspection, whereas imaging findings for MRI were concordant with 55.6%. Although the small number of posterior tibial tendon pathology in this study group, our results were similar to the results acheived by miller et al, who correlated ultrasound findings in posterior tibial tendon injuries with surgical findings and showed that ultrasound allowed correct diagnosis in all of the cases of tendon diseases, including tendinosis, tenosynovitis, partial and complete tear. they also stated that ultrasound can demonstrate bony spurs or osteophytes adjacent to the posterior tibial tendon that may be difficult to identify by
MRI’s eliminate as they do not use ionizing radiation. In agreement with the advantages of MRI, Kidwell et al. claim that MRI scans are just as accurate as CT scans in the detection of severe hemorrhage in patients with acute focal stroke symptoms; however, when it comes to detection of chronic intracerebral hemorrhage, MRI scans are much more accurate than CT scans (1823). Most patients hope to receive the best care they can and in some cases, like chronic intracerebral hemorrhaging, magnetic resonance imaging is the best form of medical imaging available. Unfortunately, if they have a tattoo, they may not be eligible to undergo a
They are also used to prevent, treat, or cure diseases, like cancers or heart diseases. The unhealthy cells are removed and edited to be healthy again and then put back into the body to reproduce more good cells. These procedures aren’t very dangerous to they could help most people, but most clinical trials weren’t successful. This is why GMH and gene therapy is still largely experimental. It’s also largely expensive.
In order to diagnosis of painful hydronephrosis in hospital, computed tomography (CT) scans is better than more-often-used ultrasound examinations, according to a clinical study conducted in few medical centers. Computed tomography and ultrasound are most usable modalities that commonly able to demonstrate both directly and indirectly of dilated ureter or known as hydronephrosis. (Jeffrey 2014) . Generally, excessive water consuming may cause gradual renal accumulation of fluids, resulting in hydronephrosis. This continuous accumulation may cause a higher degree of hydronephrosis and resulting impairment of renal function.
Another advantage is that the intervention requires only one blood sample, unlike other investigations and interventions where several blood samples are needed in order to identify many illnesses. Newborn screening is also fast, accurate and cheap, which is another one of its great advantages - An intervention costs approximately 78 EUR. On the other hand, newborn screening has very few disadvantages, but one of the few disadvantages that the intervention does have is that despite the high accuracy of newborn screening, there is a very slim chance that an illnesses that the baby might later develop, may not be detected. The intervention may also give some false results, even though newborn screening is regarded as one of the world’s most accurate and precise medical interventions (5) (6). Furthermore, there are no major cases in the history of newborn screening that would suggest that it wouldn’t be a safe
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for leukaemia patients; this process is often used to remove their bodies of the infected cells so that normal blood cell production can be restored. This is what sends the disease into remission but if this method fails we turn to the stem cell transplant which gives the patient a bigger and better shot at a full and speedy recovery. Cord blood stem cells are less likely due to reject a transfusion, this is due to the fact that there will be a better chance of a perfect match between the patient and the cord blood because the stem cells are still immature. Cord blood stem cells have been utilised successfully to treat more than seventy different diseases such as cancers, blood disorders and immune deficiencies. Doctors recommend that patients do not use their own stem cells to treat or fight off a disease as their body could be producing the wrong stem cells that will complicate things and have the same defect on the body.
With today’s day and age, people have so many different and better options than animal testing. According to www.onegreenplanet.org, “clinical observation, clinical research, in vitro research with human tissue, autopsies, computer modeling, technology, human drug surveillance, epidemiology, pathology, preventive medicine ” are some ways that are an alternative to animal testing. The claim is supported by this piece of evidence, because it lists other methods besides animal testing to test new medicines and cures. Although some of these methods may be expensive, at least animals won’t get hurt. Some people may believe testing on similar working body system is a better way of getting results.
Furthermore, machines, such as cat scans, can scan people safely and mimic their vitals. All of these tests accurately mimic human vitals 90% of the time (Alternatives to Animal Testing). Why would you use animal testing if there is a better, more accurate way? While some may say that animal testing is awesome and should be used for the rest of our lives because it appears to have helped many medical breakthroughs. Nevertheless, it turns out that it has not helped medical research breakthroughs.
("Scientific Alternatives to Animal Testing: A Progress Report,") There are artificial human skin, such as the commercially available products EpiDerm and ThinCert, is made from sheets of human skin cells grown in test tubes or plastic wells and can produce more useful results than testing chemicals on animal skin. ("Scientific Alternatives to Animal Testing: A Progress Report,")("Greiner Bio-One Launches Artificial Skin to Replace Animal Testing,") There are computer models, such as virtual reconstructions of human molecular structures, can predict the toxicity of substances without invasive experiments on animals. ("Greiner Bio-One Launches Artificial Skin to Replace