Pharming: What Is Pharming?

Good Essays
Pharming What is pharming? The term "pharming" comes from a combination of the words "farming" and "pharmaceuticals." Gene pharming is a technology that scientists use to alter an animal's own DNA, In pharming, these genetically modified (transgenic) animals are used mostly to make human proteins that have medicinal value. The protein encoded by the transgene is secreted into the animal's milk, eggs, or blood, and then collected and purified. Livestock such as cattle, sheep, goats, chickens, rabbits, and pigs have already been modified in this way to produce several useful proteins and drugs. Pharming is beneficial for people by helping to produce a variety of products that are very difficult to find in nature as well as provide a method…show more content…
As the world becomes larger in population, more and more of new problems arise which drugs produced from conventional manufacturing processes cannot treat and cure. One example of unique products of pharming technology are edible vaccines. Currently, vaccines are implemented by injection and to particularly young children; the sight of a needle has been a source agony and distress. Pharming would allow vaccines to be transfused into transgenic animals, producing milk mixed with the vaccine which could be then consumed by the people who need to be vaccinated, causing no anguish, discomfort or…show more content…
Many people asks everyday “Are GMOs bad for my health?” The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in the USA regulates genetic engineering with animals and their products under the new animal drug provisions of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). It helps monitor and maintain certain standards, including input from the public, when it comes to genetically engineering animals. The ‘new animal drug’ provisions of the FFDCA focuses on whether the new animal drug is safe for the animal and if it is effective. If the drug is for a food-producing animal it also focuses on whether the resulting food is safe to eat. Is safe for the animals? Genetic engineering of animals is strictly controlled by animal cruelty legislations in many countries and is always carefully scrutinised by teams of experts before being approved for wider use. Not all genetic engineering directly benefits humans. Some genetic engineering is to improve resistance of livestock to disease, for example, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (‘mad cow disease’) in cattle. It can also be used to remove characteristics that cause injury, for example, selecting for cattle without
Get Access