Analysis, Critics, & Suggestion The paper of Oonagh Rietman is delivering very interesting issue. Where he focused on how cultural relativist and feminist critique towards the international human right. While at the same time culture relativist and feminist quite against each other in their point of view about women. In the paper author provide enough argument and data to support the topic, so that the reader can understand the topic that he deliver very well. The point of the paper also easy to achieved. The vocabulary that he use is also relatively comprehensive, however to some reader it will make difficulties to read it. However overall it is quite easy to understand. My suggestion to the author, author of the paper should simplify the explanation and vocabulary. The paper can use more theoretical to support. …show more content…
If we take a look at the religious perspective, like Islam for example, it has limitation right for women. It is said that equality does not imply same rights. (Bennett, 2010) This is the cause of feminist theory explores the imbalance in gender relations and gender constitution. The feminist critique rise caused by men and male perspectives, reproducing hierarchies based on gendered assumptions (Charlesworth, 2000). Liberal feminism is a theoretical perspective which focuses create equal rights for women and men through law reform, eliminate discriminatory policies and practices that can harm women. This theory states that the emancipation of women is a result of the promotion of gender equality, the goal is to boost the rights of women in order to perform and be involved in the same things as
Tú me entiendes? Do you understand me, my friend says jokingly. Sí, y no deberías juzgar por apariencia. Yes, and you shouldn’t judge by appearances, I reply. I don’t look like the type of person who would speak Spanish; though, I am fluent in the language.
Liberal feminism was focused on equal opportunities to women. They believed women and men are equal. They also believed that women have the same capability as men in economics and political fields which they should have the equal rights with the men. This believe caused the changing of individual women in the United States. On the other hand, the radical feminism has the different perspective.
Additionally, the author practices Islam and states that because of her experiences, she can not accept that she is seen as a second-class human because she is a female. The introduction to and interpretations of Islam which she had was one of justice, truth, beauty, and grace, and religion which is one of justice and equality, and therefore, the injustice which women have been subjected to cannot be rationalized as the will of a God of justice. The author points to men’s incorrect interpretation of the Qur’an and hadith as the reason for anti-women interpretations, which have, according to the author, created later misogynist
1.3 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK The theoretical framework of this study is the Liberal Feminism Theory. Liberalism is a political ideology which emphasizes the following: a) Individualism: The individual takes priority over society. b) Freedom: Individuals have the right to make choices for themselves. This freedom is not absolute.
It is evident that the Middle East is quite patriarchal and this of course contributes to why women are seen as or believed to be inferior. Furthermore in the Middle East, women’s challenges have been “intensified by the rise of a political Islam that too often condemns women’s empowerment as Western cultural imperialism or, worse, anti-Islamic.” In Paradise Beneath Her Feet, however, Isobel Coleman demonstrates how both Muslim women as well as men are trying to combat the belief that women should be oppressed, an the do so using “progressive interpretations of Islam to support women’s rights in a growing movement of Islamic
Introduction Cultural relativism is the principle that the beliefs and activities of each person must be understood in the culture itself (Bayley, 1992). Feminism is a movement and ideology to fight for equality for women in the political, economic, cultural, private space and public space. Feminism was never an ideology of hatred ( Beasley, 1999). Since cultural relativism and feminism are two different things, many different critiques of cultural relativism and feminism in international human rights occur. Those critiques come from cultural relativists and feminists.
A Muslim woman who would like to identify herself as an Islamist and feminist at the same time meets with many questions and doubts, from outside and from within. The pressure faced by most of the Muslim activists and academics to identify themselves as "Muslim" or "feminist", prevents the spread of moderate thinking among this slice of educated Muslim women. This insistence on polarization has a negative effect on the feminist Muslim women. A woman who defines herself as a feminist Muslim is received as a contradiction in terms and the credibility of her argument becomes questionable. And this in turn gives one message is that one cannot be Islamist and feminist simultaneously because Western feminism condemns Islam and looks at it as a source
A core feminist argument is that individual lives are global politics. what do feminist IR scholars mean by that? How are your life choices- be it your weekly grocery shopping- global politics? global politics is the power on things going on around the world. feminism is the equality of the female gender in a globalised world, feminists argue that when there is equality, females tend to believe in themselves and what they can do which means a lot to humans at large when an individual is not believed and encouraged in a society they become weak in what they can do and the confidence they have in themselves tend to weaken because they
The concept is particularly significant for the minority groups, females and to the poor. In reference to the Feminist Legal aspects, women must be treated equally as men regardless of different aspects including race, gender, national origin, ethnic group, religion and capabilities without any discrimination and biasness. In context of modern equality feminist legal theory, women are entitled to have equality before the law and should be discriminated based on gender. Finally, it determines that with enhancing globalisation and improvement of human rights discourses, equality and dominance in feminist theory started to be
For many, feminist movement is about giving women liberty, equal opportunity and control over their own destiny. C. ISLAMIC FEMINISM In many Muslim countries, the “f” word (feminism) has sparked tensions, conjuring images of domineering, family-hating woman; similar to other labels such as “Muslim” conjuring images of subjugated woman in the mind of the West. Although these stereotypes are true in a specific historical context, these may not be so when compared to a larger reality. Thus, this does not justify the hostility that follows.
When looking into the topic of gender equality in Islamic countries, one can see a large disparity in the rights accessible to women from the rights given to men, which is a huge subject of controversy. This is largely due to the fact that many believe in regressive cultural practices and interpret the Qur’an and other religious texts in a way that discriminates against women. Because of this, not only do women suffer, but the countries do as a whole. In order to end this barrier of inequality, Muslim countries need to provide equal rights, equal education, and equal income/job opportunities to women. “All (of) these act as fundamental barriers not just to the advancement of women, but to the overall economic development of entire societies,”(Maha
There are many movements started for the women’s rights and they are much successful but at the international level it is necessary to protect the women’s rights in all countries of the world. Because there are many countries which are not given rights to the women if given then it is very limited for the free life. That’s why at the international level there are many treaties, instruments, conventions and accord made for the protection of the women’s
INTRODUCTION The journal of Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights - Friends or Foes by Oonagh Reitman discuss about the similarities between two critiques of international human rights by cultural relativists and by feminists. This journal divided into three main focus there are the argument of cultural relativism and disagreement between the feminist. The second discuss about the possibility that they can operate together and the last section will be used cooperative approach to achieve their respective goals. SUMMARY
INTRODUCTION The journal of Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights - Friends or Foes by Oonagh Reitman is discussing about the critiques of cultural relativist and feminist towards the International Human Rights. In 1989, Donnelly states that International Human Rights is universal, that human rights owned by the human with substantial, form and interpretation that will not bend to variety of culture. But the statements that are different to the cultural relativist opinion that stated the source of human rights is a culture, and as a culturally diverse, and non-universal. While the feminist critique to International Human rights that in fact, the one who holds the human rights are only men, not women, also