Annotated Bibliography On Chief Joseph

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Annotated Bibliography Beck, Jennifer. Freedom Heroes. Freedom Heroes: Chief Joseph. [Online]. [Accessed 29 October 2016] Available from: http://myhero.com/hero.asp?hero=c_joseph Chief Joseph was born in 1840 in the Wallowa Valley, now called Northeastern Oregon. He was given the name Hin-mah-too-ya-lat-kekht, but given the name Joseph after the missionaries baptized him. This was the same name as his father upon his conversion to Christianity in 1838. They lived in peace with the whites for some time until 1855, when the Nez Perce signed a treaty with the US government. It stated they would give up their tribal lands and in return whites would not intrude on the Wallowa Valley. The deal was broken when they found gold on their territory.…show more content…
The history of the Nez Perce people go back as far as 1750 when the French made contact, up to the death of Chief Joseph on September 24 1904. Chief Joseph’s real name is Hin-mah-too-ya-lat-kekht meaning “Thunder rolling in the mountains,” he had nine children, five girls and four boys all of whom had died, and how he had two wives. Chief Joseph never stopped pushing for the return of his people back to their homeland, but never got his wish. The last few years of his life you could tell he was getting weaker. When he passed away a lot of people said he passed away from a broken heart. There was a potlatch in him name where his wives agave away his prized possessions, even some was given the white men that knew…show more content…
From where the sun now, stands, I will fight no more forever”. The US Government broke a treaty with the Nez Perce forcing them off their lands of the Wallowa Valley to be put on a reservation in Northwest Idaho. When Chief Joseph heard about a few young Nez Perce killing a few white settlers he started one of the greatest retreats in American military history. Over the next three months Chief Joseph led his people 1,000 miles to try and get to the Canadian border with 2,000 strong army after them. They were not successful, only 40 miles short Chief Joseph was surrounded by the US
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