Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall agreed that the Cherokee Nation was a distinct society but not that it was a foreign nation. In 1838 and 1839, as a major speciality of Andrew Jackson 's Indian evacuation strategy, the Cherokee country was compelled to surrender its properties east of the Mississippi River and to relocated to a territory in show day Oklahoma. The Cherokee individuals tabbed this excursion the "Trail of Tears," as a result of its overwhelming impacts. The verbal confrontation on the bill was longed and unpleasant, for the subject of Indian evacuation touched upon various extremely intense subject matters: the established inquiry of states ' rights versus government privileges, Christian
government did not hold their end of the bargain and did not provide Natives with the supplies promised. As a result, many were forced to migrate due to diseases and starvation. Only about 23% of the Creeks who marched to their new land in Oklahoma survived; Likewise, only 25% of the Cherokee who marched from several southeastern state to Oklahoma survived (Van Doren). Altogether, tens of thousands of American Indians lost their lives to forced migrations. The Indian Removal Act continues to impact America today in terms of demographics.
In June 1830, Chief John Ross went to defend Cherokee rights before the U.S. Supreme Court after the state of Georgia passed legislation that John Ross claimed to "go directly to annihilate the Cherokees as a political society." Georgia retaliated, claiming that the Cherokee nation could not sue since they were not a foreign nation with a constitution, therefore the case should not be brought to court in the first place. This brought upon the Supreme court case Cherokee Nation v. Georgia in 1831. The conclusion of this case, decided upon by Judge John Marshall was that "the relationship of the tribes to the United States resembles that of a ‘ward to its guardian '." I disagree with this outcome.
They called the path they took the Trail of Tears because of the bad conditions and many Cherokees died along the way. The three sources about the Trail of Tears/Indian Removal Act help the reader understand the event because they get different stories of how people feel about getting rid of the Natives. The History channel Trail of Tears video shows Jackson is overpowering and doesn’t care about the Natives because he wants the Natives join the U.S. or leave. According to the History
When the Europeans began their invasion of the Americas, the Cherokees were an agricultural people whose villages could be found throughout the American Southeast. Cherokee families were based on matrilineal clans. Matrilineal clans are extended family groups with names, tradition, and oral history. Membership in each clan is through the mother: you belong to your mother’s clan. To be without a clan was to be without human identity.
The settlers also called the “white men” believed that the movement of the Indians would bring peace. The settlers also believed that they needed the land more than the native Americans so taking the land was a must do thing. Although there have been many different opinions on the trail of tears the Indians should not have been forced to move out of their homelands. Leading up to the Trail of tears Migration from the original Cherokee Nation began in the early 1800’s. Some Cherokees, that were not comfortable with the whites moving in on their territories, the Indians moved west on their own and settled in other areas of the country.
Introduction The Cherokee people have a rich history in North America. A strong people pre- and post-contact, they have experienced time of prosper, decline, and regrowth. This essay will provide an overview of the Cherokee people using their history transitioning into contemporary times. A focus will be on their political, social, cultural and economic impacts in both a historical and contemporary context. To conclude, I will discuss the impacts European’s had on the Cherokee people’s progression into the 21st century using Goehring’s (1993) model of colonial impacts.
Authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the mississippi in exchange for lands west of the mississippi, in exchange land within state borders. During the winter of 1838 the cherokees were forced to move west by the United States government. Four thousand cherokees died on this walk, which is known as the “Trail of Tears”. This is why Andrew Jackson was a bad president, because of the cruel indian removal act.
This precedent of mistreatment of minorities began with Andrew Jackson’s indian removal policies to the tribes of Oklahoma (specifically the Cherokee indians) in 1829 because of the lack of respect given to the indians during the removal laws. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Cherokees were going through a time of rebirth and regeneration. After the American Revolution the Cherokees confronted with economic depression. They gave up their homes, villages, towns and hunting grounds to white Americans. Many Cherokees adopted customs, beliefs and lifestyles of white Americans; they profoundly assimilated White culture because in this way they hoped could survive as a nation in their homeland.