Antibiotics And Antibiotic Resistance

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Antibiotics are widely used throughout the world for agricultural, industrial, and medical purposes. The primary concern for the use of microbes is its growing resistance to common antibiotics released within the environment. Antibiotic resistant genes (ARG) have been prevalent in aquatic environments such as the public drinking water treatment system, source water, and tap water and multiple researchers have conducted tests to observe the effectiveness of the water treatment plants in the removal of harmful contaminants. While a
This review aims to discuss the antibiotic resistance crisis in order to find solutions to combat the main source of selection pressure that causes antibiotic resistance to occur.
Mutations provide a source for bacteria to become resistant within the environment. Antibiotic resistance has become a growing issue, as
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A study conducted by Marti et al (2013) found that the spread of antibacterial resistance genes came from wastewater treatment plant contaminants into the environment. Antibacterial genes were found more prevalent in downstream samples compared to upstream samples of bacterial communities. Antibiotic resistant genes have contaminated the public source water through the water supply system that allows antibiotics to thrive in the environment. To understand the mechanisms behind ARG, Cirz et al (2005) tested how inhibiting the pathway of a protease will affect E coli to gain resistance. Their findings showed that by inhibiting the mutation, it could be one of the possible ways of preventing bacteria from becoming resistant in the environment. Another study conducted by Riesenfeld et al (2004) cloned cultured

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