Measurements of Personality: A Personality test strives to observe and describe the pattern of personality which can be defined as the characteristic ways in which an individual thinks, feels and behaves. A number of personality tests have been developed in different fields to make assessment of personality of people. Some of them are used in clinical settings to diagnose mental illness and some of them are used likewise in organizational settings for selection and counselling. While, some of them are used in normal population to assess different conceptions of the dimensions of personality. The above mentioned different categories of personality tests again has been categorized in two broader categories such as: Projective Personality Tests: …show more content…
It consists of a series of ten inkblots. Psychologists ask subjects to look at the inkblots and describe what they see, and the psychologists then use complex scoring systems to interpret the subjects‟ responses. Scores are based on various characteristics of responses such as the originality of the response and the area of the blot described in the response. The Rorschach Inkblot Test provides information to psychologists about the subject‟s complex personality traits and the situational stresses the subject may be experiencing so …show more content…
Individuals who score high are extraverts. They tend to be outgoing, talkative, assertive, active, energetic, excited and optimistic. They enjoy crowd, social gatherings and working in groups. Individuals who score low are introverts. They tend to be reserved rather than unfriendly, independent rather than followers, even-paced rather than sluggish. They are dull, quite, cautious and prefer to be alone. (2) Openness to Experience (O): Openness to experience refers how open-minded a person is. Individuals high on this dimension are curious, imaginative, insightful and intellectual. Open individuals are willing to entertain novel ideas and unconventional values and they experience both positive and negative emotions more keenly than do closed individuals. On the other hand, individuals low on this dimension are close-minded, routine-oriented, uninterested, conventional in behaviour and conservative in outlook. They do not prefer to entertain new ideas and their emotional responses are somewhat muted. (3) Agreeableness (A): The agreeable person is altruistic, empathic, warm, friendly, cooperative, trusting, courteous and tactful. While, disagreeable person is egocentric, unfriendly, competitive rather than cooperative, suspicious and
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Controversy on the Inkblot Test There is great disagreement on the Rorschach Test. Some believe it to be helpful in entering the minds of others’ while some think it is “scientifically useless”. In What is in an Inkblot? Some Say, Not Much by Erica Goode, information is provided to the reader about the Rorschach Test and what some people’s opinion on it.
From the different personality tests that I have taken in the past, I know that I am an introvert. So, the score of 20 I thought was too high, but from the book it says that an extravert is sociable, fun-loving, and affectionate. I am these things but just around the people I feel comfortable around, such as family and close friends. This is most evident in church because that is where most of my family and close friends gather. I am comfortable around them, and I also try to get out of my comfort zone once in a while.
I found this test interesting. This test measures self-report, which is gathering information about people by asking them questions about a sample of their behavior. This test was suppose to measure specific sorts of psychological difficulties, but it predicts a variety of other behaviors. It can measure if college students will marry within ten years of graduating. It can also measure if a police officer will use his weapon (p. 410).
Despite the fact that some people believe that Rorschach tests are meaningless and unreliable; it actually is useful and accurately determines the person 'sr demeanor. The Rorschach test has been with us for from 1921. Through the 1940’s and 1950’s the test was synonymous with clinical psychologists. The rorschach test is a reliable and useful test.
The validity of the Rorschach is difficult to compute for multiple reasons. Validity usually refers to how well a test measures a particular construct it intends to measure (Hess, 2001). The open-nature of the Rorschach yields a multitude of answers, which makes it difficult to compare outcomes among different individuals. Additionally, this test is utilized in multiple settings to measure multiple constructs such as intelligence, emotions, pathology, etc (Hess, 2001). The interpretation and score of the test depends on a single answer rather than a combination of responses which makes the validity difficult to interpret (Hess, 2001).
Although the data for the experiment given to college students produced vary results, this does not mean that the Stroop Test is not reliable. The Stroop Test has been considered to be reliable by different academics, one in whom correlates cognitive functioning with the test. Some consider that the test can be used to help in diagnosing patients with different brain
Personality Theory Analysis Personality makes each of us an original, and the theories of how to define the development of something that is unique to each individual are plenty. This paper will seek to compare and contrast two of these theories, learning and dispositional. It will seek to describe both theories and the roles that they play in influencing personality and behavior, what personality characteristics they are associated with, as well as explain the interpersonal relational aspects that are tied to both of these theories. Compare and Contrast Dispositional and Learning Theories “Methods in which scientists could acquire an understanding of how human behavioral development progressed has been sought after by behavioral scientists
Personality Testing and Competency Amy Wilhelm Kaplan University PS505: Testing, Measurement and Assessment Dr. Raymond Brogan January 13, 2015 Personality Testing and Competency In the field of psychology, testing and assessment is key in giving clients the proper diagnoses followed by the correct and most appropriate form of intervention required. One area that is well known to many is that of personality tests. There are numerous forms of personality tests available including those used when choosing the right employee for a job, or determining how well a person will fit with a certain group.
The FFM describes five personality realms which chart traits and can be associated statistically. The five domains are: extraversion (outgoing, social), agreeableness (sympathetic, warm), conscientiousness (organized, dependable), emotional stability (calm, not easily upset), and openness (adventurous, creative). My personal traits leading to the role of Feelings Expresser include my relaxed attitude, openness to new suggestions and willingness to help people. Therefore I would be categorised into the agreeableness realm of the FFM. Martinez in 2006 stated that agreeableness was highly correlated to working successfully on
% Extrovert 37 Introvert 63 High Agreeableness 30 Low Agreeableness 70 High Conscientiousness 30 Low Conscientiousness 60 High Emotional Stability 37 Low Emotional Stability 57 High Openness 53 Low Openness 47 The result as shown in table 3, reveals there are 19 fraternity members low in extraversion which means that they are introverted.
In the book ‘50 GREAT MYTHS OF POPULAR PSYCHOLOGY’ the test is described as ‘subjective in its scoring and interpretation and that almost none of its supposed personality correlates held up in careful research.’ Which goes against everything the test is supposed to find. In the book it also says ‘Yet controlled research offers virtually no support for these assertions. James Wood and his colleagues found that the overwhelming majority of Rorschach scores are essentially unrelated to personality traits’ and ‘Moreover, the evidence that the Rorschach contributes to the detection of psychological characteristics above and beyond simpler methods —what psychologists call “incremental validity”—is weak. In fact, a few studies demonstrate that when clinicians who already have access to questionnaire or life history information examine Rorschach data, their predictive accuracy decreases.’
If I were a consultant for the company or employer who insisted on using a personality test for HR selection, I would suggest the employer to go in depth for aspects of personalities of applicants. I would let applicants to show or explain their personalities with valid evidences or past experiences. The interview could be conducted after