TYPE OF DISEASE OR INFECTION Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most important organisms that cause community-acquired skin and soft tissue infections as well as life-threatening nosocomial infections. S. aureus affects the bloodstream, skin, soft tissues and lower respiratory tracts. S. aureus is the leading cause of necrotizing pneumonia, bacteremia, infective endocarditis, osteoarticular, skin, soft tissue, pleuropulmonary, device-related and various surgical wound infections. The infections of skin and soft tissue could be boils, carbuncles, impetigo and cellulitis. If the infections get serious, manifestations could be ventilator‑associated necrotizing pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis, endocarditis and sepsis. In addition to those infections, S. aureus is also responsible for …show more content…
aureus strains that carry virulence factors and are resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. It is noted that community-associated MRSA infections might first have emerged among indigenous people in Western Australia in early 1990s. The first documented cases in the United States came from four healthy children in rural Minnesota and North Dakota in 1997 to 1999. Years after MRSA, vancomycin-resistant S. aureus cases were also reported (6). In the industrialized world, the population incidence of S. aureus bacteremia ranges from 10 to 30 per 100,000 persons in a year. Rates of getting infections are high in the first year of life. A low incidence takes place throughout young adulthood and a gradual rise in incidence occurs with advancing age. Infective endocarditis incidence was originally 1.5 to 6 per 100,000 person in a year. It has increased to 16.6 per 100,000 person in a years in 2006. This was driven by an increase in the incidence of S. aureus infective endocarditis
Hunting nightmare bacteria Answer the following questions Case of Addy (the girl from Arizona ) 1- Based on the pediatrician observations what was Addy’s diagnosis at the Pediatric Hospital intensive care unit ? She had got infected by staff or positive bacteria called Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA is a community associated bacteria that infects kids when they are playing in playing ground and getting scabs on their knee. They spread through that wound and it has very high resistance to antibiotics.
Discussion Post Week ten NURS 6501, N-21 Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are usually caused by bacteria and are common. Symptoms of both upper and lower infections are similar; therefore, it is important for advanced practice nurses (APNs) to be able to determine the pathophysiology of upper and lower UTIs. The purpose of this discussion is to evaluate the similarities and differences between upper and lower UTIs, clinical manifestations, treatments, and factors affecting all of these things. UTIs are infections that may occur anywhere in the urinary tract such as the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidneys. Typically UTIs are caused by bacteria from the gut flora and are inflammation of the urinary epithelium.
Section 1: Identification of the unknown pathogen Patient is Terrance V. Haller, a 13-year-old male who enjoys outdoor activities such as skateboarding. No previous medical history and there are no known allergies. Terrance had a skateboarding accident where there were multiple lacerations and contusions. The wound on his forearm extending to his elbow was slow healing and therefore became pus producing. The patient has since returned to his primary care physician to find out what is going on.
Inflammation is the main type of innate immunity our body uses against A. schmiddy. Inflammation begins by activating acute-phase proteins, and soon after vasodilation occurs, followed by redness, swelling, pain, and heat. Once vasodilation occurs, histamine and kinins are released and blood vessels permeability is increased, causing white blood cells to report to the infected area. One problem associated with inflammation is that the capsule of A. schmiddy is an important virulence factor, which helps the bacteria to resists phagocytosis. Because the phagocytes cannot destroy the bacteria cells, infection further continues and necrotic tissue forms.
"During a time that I should have been planning for my son's college graduation and helping him prepare for his future, I was burying my only son, who only days before had been the picture of health” (IDSA Communications Staff). Theresa Drew, mother of Ricky Lannetti, tells the story of her son’s fatal experience. Ricky Lannetti was a strong and athletic twenty-one year old. Ricky had contracted Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), or better known as the “superbug”. He had reported having common flu-like symptoms leading up to the climax of this infection.
MEDSURG Nursing, 23(3), 187-188. Farber, J., Illiger, S., Gartner, F. B., Lutz, v. M., Lohmann, C. H., Bauer, K., . . . Geginat, G. (2017). Management of a cluster of Clostridium difficile infections among patients with osteoarticular infections. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 6 doi:http://dx.doi.org.southuniversity.libproxy.edmc.edu/10.1186/s13756-017-0181-4 Wang, J., Quan, K. A., Tjoa, T., Yim, J., Dickey, L., Chang, J., ... & Gohil, S. K. (2016, December).
The people that are most susceptible to get Staphylococcus epidermidis are newborns, the elderly, immunocompromised patients, and patient’s who are using a catheter. This is because newborns and the elderly do not have as strong of immune systems as children and middle-age adults
Jackie Robinson is best known for the courageous role he played in the integration of Major League Baseball in 1947. In fact, Jackie Robinson exhibited courage and humanitarianism on many fronts overcoming unforeseen barriers and challenges both on and off the field. What obstacles have you overcome that speak to what others can learn from studying the life of Jackie Robinson? By studying the life of Jackie Robinson individuals can learn that he was the first colored man to join a professional baseball team.
INTRODUCTION: In this experiment I was testing for antimicrobial sensitivity of Staphylococcus epidermidis by using the Kirby-Bauer Diffusion test. The three antibiotics utilized in this lab were: gentamicin, novobiocin, and penicillin. I determined the effectiveness of the antibiotic by observing and measuring the zone of inhibition for each antibiotic.
Department of Health and Human Services established an objective for Healthy People 2020 to prevent HCAIs, this reflects that the U.S. health care system is committed to and serious about solving this issue. These objectives address two extremely important topics, central line-associated bloodstream infections, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. Also, there are other major causes of HCAIs that Health and Human Services is working on their prevention such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) associated with catheters, infections of surgical wounds and sites, C. difficile infections, and ventilator-associated Pneumonia. Researches done on HCAIs shown that we can prevent many of these infections by implementing effective strategies to eradicate it, adapting some advanced prevention tools, and following new prevention approaches. There should be a more focus on HCAIs prevention in acute care settings.
The scarlet fever is an infection that can develop inside people who have strep throat. The infection is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria, which are the same bacteria that cause strep throat. These bacteria produce a toxin, or poison, that causes a bright red rash on the body. The scarlet-colored rash is what gives scarlet fever its name. Aside from the rash, people with scarlet fever usually have a high fever and sore throat.
Staphylococcus Aureus belongs to the extremely common bacteria of microflora of the skin and mucous membranes of the humans. These pathogens cause many infections, including superficial and deep purulent infections, poisoning, urinary tract infection etc. In the US, staphylococcus bacteria are supposed to be the leading cause of sepsis, postoperative wound and prosthesis infections. In addition, staphylococcus belongs to one of the leading causes of bacterial food poisoning. Staphylococcus Aureus is one of the most dangerous human pathogen.
“Medical malpractice claims and lawsuits deal with Improper, unskilled, or negligent treatment of a patient by a physician, dentist, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care professional. Negligence is the predominant theory of liability concerning allegations of medical malpractice, making this type of litigation part of Tort Law. Since the 1970s, medical malpractice has been a controversial social issue. Physicians have complained about the large number of malpractice suits and have urged legal reforms to curb large damage awards, whereas tort attorneys have argued that negligence suits are an effective way of compensating victims of negligence and of policing the medical profession. A person who alleges negligent medical malpractice
The main reasons for developing a HCAI are poor hand hygiene by healthcare staff, medical device related infections such as intravenous lines and urinary catheters and the overuse or improper use antimicrobials. Hand hygiene is the cornerstone measure to prevent healthcare associated infection (HCAI) and it has been shown that MRSA is primarily transmitted from patient to patient via the hands of healthcare professionals (Donskey, 2009). Although hand hygiene is the simplest, most effective and most cost effective way to prevent the spread of HCAIs (Pratt et al. 2007) (Kilpatrick et al. 2013), adherence to hand hygiene among health care professionals remains low worldwide (WHO, 2009).