Bandura’s Social Learning Theory demonstrates “how children are socialized to accept the standards and values of their society.” (Grusec, 1992, p. 785). While Bandura’s empirical contribution to our understanding of human development is extremely significant, there are not only strengths, but also weaknesses associated with SLT. I see it as a clear strength that the social learning theory has been well researched, documented and can be clearly observed in a scientific and objective mater. Bandura’s studies (1961, 1971), amongst others, clearly show the process of children learning through observation and imitating the behavior of their models. Being a mother of two sons and teaching kindergarten children, I witness children’s observational learning on a daily base.
An individual models his or her own behavior on the behaviors of others. This is based on observational learning that requires attention, retention, production, and motivation. Attention is to selectively observe the actions of a model. Attention is influenced by characteristics of the modeled behavior (e.g., complexity), the model (e.g., attractiveness similarity), and the observer (e.g., cognitive capabilities). Retention then stores observed behaviors in memory, to reproduce later.
It can have positive or negative effects on one 's development and behavior, especially in children. This is demonstrated in the social learning theory. One of the most analyzed theories in criminology today is the social learning theory. The social learning theory derives from the differential association theory by Dr. Edward Sutherland. The social learning theory of criminology says that individuals learn from the community around them.
Albert Bandura believed that people learn through observing others behavior, attitudes and outcomes of those behaviors. Most of the human observed others behavior through modeling and from the observation, one will have an idea for a new behavior to perform on later occasions. Social learning theory explains human behavior in term of continuous mutual interaction between cognitive, behavior and environment influence. For the summary, Bandura believed that social learning theory is people learn from one another, by observations, simulated and modeling. Social learning theory usually called a connection between behaviorist and cognitive learning theory as it is concerned attention, memory, and
Bandura believed that behavior is learned through modeling. When individuals observe others, they form ideas of how new behaviors are performed. Self-efficacy, a component of Bandura’s social cognitive theory is the belief of one’s own ability and knowledge in performing a task that determines a person’s success or failure. Finch and Freiden (2014) stated that there are four stages of self-efficacy in maintaining sobriety and constructing friendships. These four stages are actual performance, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and physiological cues.
An individual’s psychological maturity is an imperative factor in understanding an adolescent’s decision-making process. For years, mental health specialists and judicial decision makers have worked hard on defining youth’s cognitive and emotional capacities that influence their behavior. If researchers could pin point the key elements that would be a huge step forward in understanding why juveniles act the way they do. Kelly, Miller, Redlich, Kleinman, and Lamb, in their journal article, “A Taxonomy of Interrogation Methods,” define taxonomy as “the science of classification, organizes what is known about a phenomenon in such a fashion that is accessible and sensible to consumers of the information… it systemizes established observations that
Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman (2013) describe a perspective of Social learning theory in that previous theorists were interested in the behavioral component of morality. This particular element argues that we as individuals gradually learn to behave morally from an early age. As children grow they will be faced with situations that require them to access prior experiences that lay a foundation of expectations and standards of conduct (Zastrow et al.’s 2013). From an early age children view their parents as role models for doing what is right versus what is wrong (Zastrow et al.’s 2013). Sharaf, Thompson and Walsh (2009) provide an interesting example of this regarding suicide risk behaviors for at risk adolescents in that their findings confirm
This story gives truth to the famous saying “children live what they learn” this is so according to the theory Social Learning fathered by the Canadian – American Psychologist Albert Bandura. Unlike other theories that support the belief that behaviours are inherited, Social learning theory believes that individuals learn from their environment and from each other through imitation, observation and modeling. In a quest to prove this Bandura conducted an experiment in1961 known as the Bobo doll experiment. He had four hypotheses 1.Children witnessing an adult role model behaving in an overly aggressive manner would be likely to replicate similar behavior themselves, even if the adult was not present. 2.
Models are an important source for an individual to learn new things and behaviors. He also stated that in social learning theory, there are 3 systems that affect and control behavior. First, antecedent inducements will influence the time and response of a behavior greatly. Next, response feedback influences will also impact the occurrence of such behavior in the future. Lastly, it stressed that cognitive functions are important as well.
Attention; The extent to which we are exposed/notice the behaviour. Retention; the learner must remember (retain) what was done by the model so that the information can be encoded and stored for later use. Reproduction; This is the ability to perform the behaviour that the model has just demonstrated. Motivation/reinforcement; the learner must have the desire, or motivation, to repeat the observed behaviour in order to receive a reward. The rewards and punishment that follow a behaviour will be considered by the observer.