Battle Of Vicksburg Essay

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Civil War: The Battle of Chattanooga and Vicksburg
“It is well that war is so terrible, else we should grow to fond it.” The battle of Vicksburg started by capturing the Confederate river fortress at Vicksburg, Mississippi on July 4, 1863. The battle of Chattanooga started by a command of the military Division of Mississippi, General Grant then fought a series of battles to the end of Chattanooga. Vicksburg and Chattanooga were both vital in the Civil War.
First, three battles of Chattanooga were fought in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The first battle of Chattanooga, the second battle of Chattanooga, and the Chattanooga Campaign. The first battle of Chattanooga was a minor artillery bombardment battle in the American Civil War, which was fought …show more content…

The battle of Vicksburg, also called the Siege of Vicksburg, was a long land and naval campaign by Union forces to capture a position. The Siege of Vicksburg was fought on May 18-July 4, 1863 in Warren County, Mississippi. The final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign was the Siege of Vicksburg. Capturing Vicksburg was the last major confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, and completed the second part of the northern strategy of the Anaconda Plan. Grant decided to besiege the city beginning on May 25, when two major assaults (May 19 and 22, 1863) against the confederate fortifications were attacked with heavy casualties. Vicksburg Campaign successfully ended with a significant degraded the ability of the confederacy to maintain its war effort. Robert E. Lee’s defeat at Gettysburg by George G. Meade, a previous day was a turning point of the war. Cut off the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from the confederacy, as communication with the confederate forces pin the Trans-Mississippi Department for a reminder of war. Union forces approached Vicksburg, Pemberton put only 18,500 troops, Grant put over 35,000, with more coming. Pemberton made his defense nearly got broken into with the advantage of terrain and fortifications. Vicksburg ran approximately 6.5 miles, varying elevations that include hills and knobs with steep angles for an attacker to climb up and under fire. Gun pits, forts, trenches, redoubts, …show more content…

Vicksburg Campaign was to prove a difficult proposition for General Ulysses S. Grant. One of the major battlefields in the civil war was during Abraham Lincoln's presidency, 16th president and served in an office from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865. Union Forces, who besieged Vicksburg, won this battle. In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies converged on Vicksburg, investing the city and entrapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged siege operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies. It is one of the more remarkable campaigns of the American Civil War. For many a hard fought month, Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee had been trying to wrest away the strategic Confederate river fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Previous, direct attempts to take this important town high above the Mississippi River were blocked by deft rebel counter moves and some of the most pernicious terrain in the entire Western theater. In late April 1863, Grant undertook a new and bold campaign against Vicksburg and the

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