The Civil War was a large milestone in the history of the United States of America. It was a clash of two armies that changed that country forever. The war may have transpired differently if a certain battle had a different outcome. The battle of Gettysburg was pivotal to the Civil War because it was the turning point and led to the defeat of the Confederacy, who had no possible way to recover from this massive defeat and loss of soldiers. The Civil War was moving north; General Robert E. Lee was on a victory spree.
This two day battle was an advantage for the Union, but still suffered many losses. The Union lost over 100 soldiers and had many casualties. General Sherman was able to achieve his mission, which was to destroy the Atlanta railroad lines and because of this the industrial city was vulnerable. By the end of the battle, both nations lost many troops. There was a total of 3,149 casualties.
It also gave the Union control of the Mississippi River.The Battle of Vicksburg was one of the most important Battles of the Civil War, and it helped speed up the end of the long fought war. It also let the north go into the deep south so they could eradicate the “Rebels”. It split the Confederacy in half. It made it easier to defeat the “Rebels” when they were not able to communicate with their other half. It also damaged the Southern moral horrendously.
The Battle of Gettysburg was a three day fight in which an estimate of 51,000 soldiers were killed in total, but besides all of the casualties, what else makes this battle special? The Battle of Gettysburg was a huge factor in the abolishment of slavery. It is one of the most important battles because it created new war strategies and was the turning point in the Civil War, which led to the Gettysburg Address. The Confederate general, Robert E. Lee, was very confident because of his army utmost victory. Lee was so fearless he determined to invade the North reiteratively.
That was true up until one of Lee’s couriers lost a copy of his marching orders and the union found it. Of course, now that McClellan knew about this, he knew that he had the advantage in the numbers of soldiers and began attacking the confederates lines. The first day of battle was one of the worst considering 5,000 were killed, 20,000 wounded and the union troops
The confederate troops, controlled by General Albert Sidney Johnston marched, 40,000 troops strong out on April 6, 1862. They attacked an unprepared Union Army at Pittsburg Landing near the Tennessee River. The Confederate Army under General Ulysses S. Grant, was overwhelmed and decided to drop back to what’s known as the “Hornets Nest.” The Confederates initial attempts to destroy the “Hornets Nest” were repelled, by the better cover of the Union. Artillery killed or wounded many. General Johnston was mortally wounded and replaced by P.G.T.
The Battle of the Weldon Railroad ended up providing a key element of the Union’s general Grant during the Petersburg Campaign. Because of the Union’s victory it resulted in the permanent capture of Confederate general Lee’s most important supply lines. Because of all of these troubles on August 18, Union Fifth Corps of the Army of the Potomac seized a portion of the vital railroad that connected Petersburg with Wilmington, North Carolina. At the end of the battle the Union troops would control the Weldon Railroad for the rest of the campaign. Because of this Lee had no choice but to get rid of his supplies from North Carolina and transfer them to Dinwiddie Court house.
The Gettysburg and Vicksburg were the turning points in the civil war because during these wars, the Confederate Army lost most men and also lost control over their last fort around the Mississippi River which caused the confederate states to be completely divided into two. Vicksburg liberated the Mississippi, ended the war in the West, and enabled Grant to go to the rescue of the Army of the Cumberland in Chattanooga. Gettysburg ended Lee 's hopes of invading the North, and rendered his army incapable of effective action for many months. In strictly military terms, the Union was bound to win after this. But there was always the chance that Lincoln might have been voted out in the 1864 election, and that could have meant a compromise peace,
Booth assassinated president Lincoln t at Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C in 1864. The 16th president was assassinated for doing his job. The assassination was unjust because he was so great to his country. By preserving the union during the civil war. Which eventually led to the freeing of the slaves ; the Emancipation Proclamation.
As they straggled back , they passed General Lee, who stated “It is my fault” (History.net). In conclusion, this battle was the turning point of the war. With this Confederate loss, it forced the British to not help them in the war, leaving them with no other help. This battle also took the lives of half of General lees army. Although both sides took major casualties, the south took the worse of the two.
Total casualties at Antietam numbered 12,410 of some 69,000 troops on the Union side, and 13,724 of around 52,000 for the Confederates. The Union victory at Antietam would prove decisive, as it halted the Confederate advance in Maryland and forced Lee to retreat into Virginia. Still, McClellan’s failure to pursue his advantage earned him the scorn of Lincoln and Halleck, who removed him from command in favor of Ambrose E. Burnside. Burnside’s assault on Lee’s troops near Fredericksburg on December 13 ended in heavy Union casualties and a Confederate victory; he was promptly replaced by Joseph “Fighting Joe” Hooker, and both armies settled into winter quarters across the Rappahannock River from each other.””Lee then moved his troops northwards and split his men, sending Jackson to meet Pope’s forces near Manassas, while Lee himself moved separately with the second half of the army. On August 29, Union troops led by John Pope struck Jackson’s forces in the Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas).
After four years of war, the Emancipation Proclamation, and thousands of deaths on both sides, the Civil War was over which started a new period and system of race relations in America: Reconstruction. This period attempted to use military force to alleviate racial tensions in the U.S., but only resulted in more violence and backlash upon military removal after 1876. By the point of Harper’s death, racial equality was still far from existing in America, with Plessy v. Ferguson being passed in 1896, which proclaimed that “separate but equal facilities” are constitutional (National Park
In the article “All Things Vicksburg” by Allen Barra, he describes the scene at the battle of Vicksburg that gives the North the confidence to win the Civil War. The Union’s army gain the Mississippi River, and they also be able to split the Confederate army into two. The South has a major loss in men and territory. Their weapons were also lost that could be compared to the bloodiest battle of Gettysburg. Then, Barra introduces the readers into several accounts of people who were at the battle of Vicksburg or heard the story of the battle themselves.
They didn’t find a compromise until July 4, 1863 when Grant offered parole to the garrison . The Confederates lost immensely at Vicksburg. The Union took control of Vicksburg, and Confederates lost the Mississippi River. Losing the Mississippi River divided the Confederates in half and gave the Union full control of the river. Furthermore, the victories of the Union at Vicksburg and Gettysburg turned the tide of the civil
This battle of Gettysburg was deemed to be the most important battle in the civil war as it took a major turn. The confederates were able to fight back and become victorious over the Union in a very important two day battle. The Gettysburg address took place in order to dedicate a cemetery in Gettysburg for the fallen soldiers. Lincoln’s speech changed the entire mindset of the nation from believe that the states are all individuals fight against each other. Now after, people began to see the United States as a united nation.