The United States envisioned to avoid soviet expansion, but democratic idealism instead. The United States gave military aid to prevent soviet expansion. Each thought that their own language, views, and ideologies were the only valuable and worthy visions. Initially, the United States mistrusted the Soviet Union after World War I for taking Russia out of the war, opposed of a communist driven state, and did not trust the soviets as an ally of Nazi Germany. Soviets distrusted Americans because of the delayed attack on Germany.
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
The establishment of the united nations was meant to emphasis the protection of human rights following the horror of WW2. However, its lack of action and power during the Cold War made it a complete failure. “human rights were paid little more than lip service in the international arena. The UN effectively turned a blind eye to human rights violations in both the East and the West.” After the Cold War humanity no longer accepted that nothing could be done to prevent Stalin’s ‘purges’ or the discrimination against African American’s in the US. Most importantly, the Berlin wall is made significant for more than showing the divide of ideologies, it also represented the oppression of human rights.
The Germans lost territory and other countries tried to weaken Germany’s military potential and strengthen their own to compensate for the destruction of their lands caused by the Germans. The Germans were unanimously against the Treaty of Versailles. They viewed the terms of the treaty as humiliating and merciless, designed to keep Germany militarily and economically weak. To the Germans, the Treaty of Versailles was not the beginning of the New World that Wilson had promised, but a horrible
The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn’t “kick a dog when its already down”, and that Germany was in desperate need of help.” Therefore, the Allies’ aim was to rebuild Germany’s economy. The Soviet Union disagreed with this plan immensely, and instead, they became busy with setting up Communist dictatorships in their conquered areas, such as the zone of East Germany. This major difference among these powers marked the beginning of the Cold War. The war was not of physical battle but of international diplomacy. Germany now became the prize struggle between enemies.
The most controversial part of the treaty was Part VIII that established Germany 's liability for war and the damages of the Allies. It set Germany 's reparations. It had Article 231 in which Germany accepted its responsibility for the Allied damages during the war. Article 231 or the War Guilt Clause raised negative sentiments from Germany 's population giving rise and emboldening the right-wing German parties. It was a precursor
I think, that The Berlin Wall played very important role in the history, and in the relationships between the countries. I learned a little about it and I want to give main ideas, such as: how it was built and collapse. Main causes and effects. Because of displeasure with the economic and political situation, a great number of people left the Germany. In the 1945, after The Second World War, Germany was divided on the two parts: East and West.
The spread of communist ideals was the main cause of The Cold War; the political and economical differences between the Soviet Union and the United States of America created high tension between such countries. As a capitalist country, United States wanted to promote democracy and free markets, while communist USSR wanted to make sure that the communist ideals spread all over the world. After World War II ended, the Soviets created a sphere of influence in which they established communist governments in several other countries. This angered and worried a lot the United States so they created the Containment policy and formed NATO to try to stop the spread of Communism. In return, the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact to formalize military relations with its allies and spread communism in third-world countries.
Fascism kept on promising people the restoration of their economy and this was one of the factors that popularized Hitler, Mussolini and many others as nationalists with the mind of their countries looking forward to see great improvement in their economy. As per Miron (2011)Fascism as a type of government maintained very tight control measures over all the government institutions as well as citizens. It comes as a result of nationalism, ethnic and racial purity over all other things. Rising of fascism and Adolf Hitler in Germany is rooted in the after effects of World War I. Germany was the main blame in this war, with victorious allies imposing very tough penalties on Germany. These included making Germany pay for their wartime expenses as well as its own.
The Treaty of Versailles had an immense significance over Germany in 1919-1939 as it would cause large political, economical, financial, geographical, and military changes for Germany and would result in the rise of the Nazis. The Treaty of Versailles was a treaty to help “settle” international conflicts after World War 1 by deciding who was responsible for the war and how they should be punished. The treaty was written up by Great Britain, France, and The United States of America. Germany was ultimately decided as responsible for the war and was punished heavily as a result. This was in large part due to the complaints of George Clemenceau about the treaty’s original leniency.