These ideas were expressed in his “Tabula Rasa Theory of Human Behavior”. In his writing, Locke says,”Let us then suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters, without any ideas—How comes it to be furnished? Whence comes it by that vast store which the busy and boundless fancy of man has painted on it with an almost endless variety? Whence has it all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer, in one word, from experience.” According to this quote, Locke explains that people are born with empty minds, but individual learning and experiences will help to shape life.
In fact, philosophical arguments about time can be discussed in two groups. One is absolute time and the other relative time. According to Newton, time is percieved and measured always the same throughout the universe, it is independent form any subjectivity, and it exists in the reality, therefore time is absolute. The second argument suggests that time is an abstract concept which is created by the mind and does not exist in reality. Leibniz and Kant are considered to be the most important supporters for the second argument.
Quantitative Reasoning QR- stand for quantity reasoning, QR is like common sense for everyone and it ability to solve problems, QR is a Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined Part 1 thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way QR is like controller of the mind, like the Centre of seabream. The Quantitative Reasoning is not mathematical but it is skill could be enhanced by mathematical skill. However, items are less to do with numerical facility and more to do with problem solving, Qualitative reasoning creates non-numerical descriptions of physical their behavior. People have different levels of QR, those who have high QR have the potentially of being leaders but QR does not identify what
However, Thomas Hobbes, as he writes in Leviathan (1651) believed that all political phenomenons could be reported systematically as he equated all humans to machines, predictable by consistently acting in their self interest. [PG 3] Burke’s criticism that can be applied to Hobbes lies on three fronts; that the understanding human condition cannot be derived through logic; that consent, explicit or tacit, does not exist after the first social contract; and that a rebellion is neither possible nor effective when in a social contract. Thomas Hobbes’ prefaces his discussion of the social contract by giving credence to what he understood as science. Hobbes’ approach hinges on this understanding. “[R]eason
John Locke was one of the first proponents of Empiricism during the Enlightenment. He argued that all knowledge come directly and only from our experiences. He established his theories in his two books: Neither Principles nor Ideas Are Innate and Of Ideas by disputing rationalism with two main arguments: (1) if knowledge was really innate, everyone would possess the same ideas and thoughts (2) all knowledge originates from our perceptions of our five senses Locke challenges that if knowledge was truly innate, all persons would be born understanding logic and computing math: even the mentally disabled and newborn infants. Since this is not the case, he suggests in his second argument that our experiences and perceptions are (responsible) for
“Determinism is the philosophical idea that every event or state of affairs, including every human decision and action, is the inevitable and necessary consequence of antecedent states of affairs”(Information Philosopher, 2015). It refers to the claim that, at any moment or place in time, there is only one possible future for the whole universe. However, the concept of determinism often comes into question when looking into whether human beings possess free will. Free Will can be defined as “the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one's own discretion” (Defence of Reason, 2014). The very definition of the terms determinism and free will appear to be conflicting however, many philosophical thinkers
In the passage 81d (2002), Socrates describes a phenomenon where the human soul is ultimately immortal despite the perishable nature of the body. The immortality of soul means that the soul has learned everything that needs to be learned in its previous incarnations. So, the process which humans call learning, is in reality a step towards recollecting what the soul already knows. This disarms both horns of the dilemma because firstly, the idea of recollection suggests you do know everything in your soul and all you need to do is uncover them through reason. This means, you can rediscover things you perceive as unknown through inquiry and logic.
We see that things which lack knowledge, such as natural bodies, act for an end, and this is evident from their acting always, or nearly always, in the same way, so as to obtain the best result. Hence it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously, but designedly. Now whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is directed by the archer. Therefore, some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God. (Aquinas) In this claim Aquinas express that the only explanation for the existence of any end-direct system was the existence of an intelligent being who controls the system to the end.
If one is a “single vision” scholar of the Aristotelian school, then he looks for the telos of things – that is, the purpose of something or the end towards which it aims. Of course, such pursuits are premised on the foundational idea that all things have both such singular purposes and that we can discern them. By the same token, if one is a “single vision” scholar of the Enlightenment school, then he looks for the ways – scientific and social – that the world can be explained in some comprehensive and intelligible way. Yet again, if one is a “single vision” scholar of the Democratic Governance school, then he or she looks for all the ways by which government, in all its diverse aspects, can be reconciled with that overriding idea. In the
Sceptics claim that we can know nothing beyond our own current states of consciousness, i.e. our own present thoughts and experiences. At the other end of the scale are various sorts of realists, who maintain that we know a good deal about ourselves and the world around us. It would appear to be true that if the mind were literally a 'blank slate', as early empiricists seemed to maintain, then human nature would be almost unlimitedly malleable, for good or ill. The only limitations would be those of capacity, i.e.