Methanol, has a molecule containing CH3OH it being the smallest, ethanol having more carbons and hydrogens than Methanol comes second, CH3CH2OH, and propanol, CH3CH2CH2OH, is the largest of the three molecules. Aim: The aim of this experiment is to see the effects of different alcohols and concentrations on the biological membrane of the beetroot. Research Question: How do different alcohols and concentrations affect the biological membrane of a beetroot? Hypothesis: As the alcohols increase in toxicity and concentration, the damaging and breaking down of the membrane will increase leading to more red pigment being released into the solution causing the absorption of the solute to increase.
Chemical stress affected the cell membrane of a beet cell, because of the higher amount of ethanol added to the beet. For example, we added 1% ethanol, 25% ethanol, and 50% ethanol to 3 test tubes with 15 mm of beets inside. We left it with no air inside for 30 minutes then tested the absorbance of the ethanol without the beet. The class got roughly 0.273 for the 1% ethanol, 1.205 for the 25% ethanol, and 1.882 for the 50% ethanol concentration. In each solution, the ethanol was a bit redder than the last.
The importance of the experiment is to determine the effects temperature has on beet cell membranes, and to understand why certain cells are best suited for certain environments or in this case certain temperatures. Cell membranes play a vital role in selectively allowing substances such as proteins, nutrients, and other chemicals into and out of the cell. The cell membrane is also a line of defense against harmful chemicals and other agents that try to enter the cell. We hypothesize that increasing the temperature will increase the fluidity of the membrane thus making it less permeable. When the temperature of the cell increases it will cause the phospholipids that make up the plasma membrane to move apart from one another and become more
This experiment is to investigate the relationship between solute concentration and the movement of water through semipermeable membrane by the process of osmosis. The purpose of this The Visking tubing apparatus establishes the osmosis procedure. The Visking tubing is a semipermeable membrane filled up with concentrated sucrose solution. The surface of the semipermeable membrane symbolizes the visking tubes and the mixture demonstrates the cytoplasm. If the Visking tube is absorbed in water, after a period of time, it will be have water inside water, this is because the water molecules can pass through the tubing, while the larger sugar molecules cannot diffuse out from the tubing because the size of sugar molecules do not allow it to go through the tubing.
Part A: Osmosis practical task Aim: To observe the effects of osmosis in rhubarb cells. Hypothesis: Water will be extracted out of the cells in the salt solution causing the cells to look different to the cells in the freshwater solution. Materials: Rhubarb Distilled water in a dropping bottle Salt solution in a dropping bottle Microscope, slides, and coverslips Forceps and razor blades or scalpel Paper Towel Method: Clean and dry a slide and coverslip.
Unknown Lab Report Unknown # 25 By: Jenna Riordan March 19, 2018 Bio 2843 1. Introduction Microbiology is the study of microorganisms found in all different environments throughout Earth, from the hot thermal vents at the bottom of the ocean to the ice at the top of a mountain.
Next, about 10 mL of both solutions, Red 40 and Blue 1, were added to a small beaker. The concentration of the stock solution were recorded, 52.1 ppm for Red 40 and 16.6 ppm for Blue 1. Then, using the volumetric pipette, 5 mL of each solution was transferred into a 10 mL volumetric flask, labelled either R1 or B1. Deionized water was added into the flask using a pipette until the solution level reached a line which indicated 10 mL. A cap for the flask was inserted and the flask was invented a few times to completely mix the solution. Then, the volumetric pipette was rinsed with fresh deionized water and
This article also discusses how alcohol can impair the recovery process of an athlete by causing a disruption of the white blood cells When reading this article, I consequently noticed that based off of different consumption of alcohol and the person, it will be very hard to determine the effect of alcohol in a general fact. Alcohol has many immune and endocrine system effects that impair blood flow and other system, causing strength, power, muscle endurance, etc. to
Fill each cuvettes with its respective solution. Turn on the spectrophotometer, so it can warm up then calibrate it to 0% absorbance. Put the corresponding extract blank and set the spectrophotometer to 100% transmittance, then calibrate it to 540 nm. Once catechol is added in the cuvettes, make sure the solution is mixed. Place carrot cuvette in the spectrophotometer and record the resulting transmittance.
Unknown Lab Report Mikee Lianne Gonzales Biol 351- 1005 Holly Martin Unknown: # 76 Abstract This report is about identifying the respective genus of the given unknown organism. The goal is to show and prove the student’s understanding of microbiology and laboratory learned experimental techniques.
A Demonstration of Chemotaxis Between Flies and Various Substances (Sugar vs Bacteria) Abstract: The purpose of this lab based on the Drosophila melanogaster (the common fruit fly) reactions. Since the fly has been studied and observed for many years, and known for its unique chemotactic attractions to different stimuli, it was an ideal organism for the study being conducted. In the experiment the purpose was to be able to figure out whether the flies would be more attracted to sugar or bacteria.
• In alcoholic cirrhosis, the portal vein becomes scarred and blocked, causing an increase in hydrostatic pressure. Which leads to an increase in hydrostatic pressure in the capillaries. Alcoholic cirrhosis also causes the liver to under produce albumin. This lowers osmotic pressure in the vasculature, enhancing filtration out of the
Joshua Miller 12/18/17 Fermentation Lab report Introduction The term fermentation refers to the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of heat (wikipedia). Sugars are converted to ethyl alcohol when fermentation happens. In this experiment we determined if yeast cells undergo fermentation when placed in a closed flask with no oxygen. Glucose and yeast are mixed together in a closed flask and allowed to incubate for about one hour.
Then an estimated (by trial and error) 1-3 grams of hydrated copper sulfate was added to a crucible with the lid on top. The total mass of the hydrated copper sulfate was recorded by subtracting the total mass of the crucible, lid, and sample from the mass of the crucible and lid (described in table 1.3). By attaching the wire triangle to the ring, the crucible was able to sit securely while having the bunsen burner underneath. Lighting the burner once again, each substance was heated for several minutes until estimated that the compound had changed color. Once a prevalent color change had been observed at approximately 4 minutes (blue green color) the crucible was set on the counter using the tongs to cool for approximately 5 minutes.
The media used in this experiment was Trypticase nitrate broth. The reagents used (A and B) were sulfanilic acid and alpha-naphthylamine (respectively). Using aseptic technique, the bacterium (16A and 16B) were inoculated into labeled broth test tubes. The tubes were incubated for 48 hours at 37 degrees Celsius. When the incubation was complete 5 drops of reagent A and 5 drops of reagent B were added to each of the broths.