Name: Hemolytic uremic syndrome Overview: The hemolytic uremic syndrome is a condition characterized by destruction of red blood cells and kidney failure and often follows an infection of the digestive system caused by Escherichia coli, but can also occur for other reasons. The hemolytic uremic syndrome is a disease that involves two processes and two body systems: o destruction of red blood cells o kidney failure As regards the first aspect, it happens that in hemolytic uremic syndrome the blood within the capillaries, the smallest blood vessels in the body, begins to coagulate in an abnormal way. When red blood cells pass through the capillaries clogged, they are punched from one side and broken. (Hemo-blood + lysis-destruction). The second
Not only can Cystic Fibrosis affect the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract but also the liver’s secretions. In small cases, the liver’s bile can become thick and cause build up and blockage in the hepatic ducts which can result in liver diseases and even cirrhosis. Some other common symptoms include above normal amount of salt in the person’s sweat and male
If the blood comes from high in the digestive process, the stool may appear black in color. If the blood comes from further in the digestive processes, the blood may be bright red. Frequent diarrhea can cause bloody liquid to be discharged into the toilet. If you experience any type of bloody stool, contact your doctor immediately. 5.
The liver is the organ affected during an Hepatitis B infection. The liver is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen and has several important functions. The function of the liver is to remove excess glucose, which is also known as blood sugar, from the blood stream and stores it as glycogen ( a form of starch ). When the blood sugar level is low, the liver converts glycogen back into glucose and releases it for use by the body. The liver also destroys old erythrocytes, which are red blood cells, removes poisons from the blood, and manufactures some blood proteins.
The recurrent binge-and-purge cycles of bulimia can affect the entire digestive system and can lead to electrolyte and chemical imbalances in the body that affect the heart and other major organ functions. Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include: Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors. Potential for gastric rupture during periods of bingeing. Inflammation and possible rupture of the esophagus from frequent vomiting.
These isozymes break venlafaxine stereoisomers into several active metabolites and influence the concentrations of the stereoisomers of venlafaxine and its metabolites. Therefore, there is an effect on the activity of the drug as an SNRI. In this particular case, the polymorphisms within CYP2D6 and CYP2C9 alleles make these patients poor metabolizers of venlafaxine, and the resultant increase in venlafaxine in the blood increase the potential for toxicity, which would explain the side effects experienced by these
Pitting Edema Pregnancy Edema is swelling from excess fluid being trapped in your body 's tissues, and swelling of the legs, ankles and feet can be severe enough to leave an indentation (pit), when you press on the area. If after pressing the area causes an indentation that stays for some time after releasing, the edema is then referred to as a pitting edema. A pitting edema pregnancy can affect any part of your body, but it 's most commonly noticed in the feet, ankles, legs, arms, and hands. Is Pitting Edema Pregnancy Normal? During pregnancy, body fluids increase to nurture both you and your baby, and accumulate in your tissues.
It can however develop rapidly in some cases. Inadequate oxygen supply to the body cells, known as hypoxia, is part of the symptoms of Eisenmenger syndrome. The most recognizable symptom will include a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; this is referred to as cyanosis. Patients with Eisenmenger syndrome can develop cyanosis in the lips, fingernails, and toes. Due to the inadequate oxygen to the blood supply the patient may also display high levels of red blood cells.
Chymotrypsin is produced in the small intestine and is released when there is a sizable amount of amino acids, fatty acids in the small intestine, and it stimulates secretion of the pancreatic enzymes and releases bile by gallbladder while allows for the fats to have an increased surface area. This makes it much easier for the the proteins to be absorbed into the bloodstream. The gastric inhibitory peptide secreted when fatty acids and sugars are present in the small intestine and the presences of this peptide inhibitor is that it stops stomach movements and release of stomach acid. The last of these three is gastrin which is produced in the stomach opposed to the intestines, and is released when there is an influx of peptides and amino acids. The hormone stimulates acid secretion by the cells in the stomach which allows it to kill bacteria and break down
Opioid drugs slow the peristaltic process, however, they increase absorption of water and electrolytes from the gut, which causes feces to become dry and hard. Constipation not only causes hard stools and incomplete evacuation, but also bloating, pain, increased reflux, nausea, and vomiting. Bell (2009) administered a survey to 322 patients on opioid therapy, measuring the prevalence, severity, and impact of opioid-induced bowel dysfunction. He found that 81% of the patients experienced constipation, and 58% of the