Bhutan Democratization Analysis

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Q. Critically analysis the role of third Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck in the process of democratization. Bhutan is one of the smallest country sandwich between China and India. Due to Geographical condition, Bhutan was divided into many regions and most region were ruled by powerful people. In the past, Bhutan had theocracy system and people were fighting for different posts. During the reign of third Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck(1952) decentralization was initiated for transferring powers, authority, function, responsibilities from central government to grass root level. According to Oxford dictionary, democratization is making something accessible to everyone or peoples participation in making decision. Therefore, it is clear that…show more content…
As a result, his majesty opened the National Assembly of Bhutan in Punakha Dzong. According to history of parliament, national assembly was based on an eight articled document called Bangzhung Lhami Sidey Chigdril Gi Chimi Tshogtam. The translation means “manifesto of the people's government consisting of representative of human and gods”. The document was adopted at Namgyal Tse Tshokhang in Punakha Dzong. Founding document of the national assembly was later referred to as 'rules and regulation governing the functioning of the National Assembly. Main objective of the National Assembly is to encourage people in decision making and create a representative government. People from different Geog were invited to voice their concerns, ideas and solution for the future of the country and also share his larger vision for Bhutan in the year to come. The National Assembly started with 36 members- five representative from dratshang(monastic body), sixteen nominated government officials and fifteen representative of the people, Dasho Kesang Dawa was the first speaker of the national assembly. Over the year, the number of national assembly increased to 150 (92 elected chimis, 10 monks, 35 representative of the government and 6 members of the Lodoe Tshodue). According to Bhutan civics (1999), 70% of the seats were given to the people to ensure that they can have decisive voice in the nations legislative process. Thogdue held twice a year to discuss significant matters relating to people and country, with two third majorities to be assented by the king before it become a

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