Brain Development In Young Children

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Protected by the skull and weighing only about 1.5kg, is a jelly-like mass of tissue and a very precious organ. It allows humans to coordinate thought, emotion, behaviour, movement and sensation. Consisting of 100 billion nerve cells the human brain is the most complex organ of the human body. It sends signals and connects pathways to enable people to communicate and maintain many of the vital functions and processes. During the first few years of a child 's life the brain is the most rapidly growing organ. By the time a child is three years old the brain has grown to 90 percent of its full size and made many critical connections. This means during these first few years the development of a child is crucial. With an increase in the availability of electronic devices, there …show more content…

However, these electronic decides are impeding the development of young children by affecting their sleeping patterns, slowing down the process of sensory and motor development, and replacing human interaction.

Electronic devices are affecting the sleeping patterns of young children. With an increasing availability of electronic devices, children are interacting with them more, and this is therefore affecting their sleep activity including the number of hours of sleep they get. The brain is made up of hundreds of different parts. The section that involves sleep is called the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is located in an extremely complex part of the brain, between the thalamus and the midbrain. It is responsible for hormone production including melatonin, a hormone that normally increases in the evening and helps to activate sleepiness. As well as hunger and temperature, the hypothalamus maintains the body 's daily internal cycles such as the secretion of

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