Aside from being an antibacterial agent C. pentandra has other uses in the field of medicine. The extract coming from the left and decoction from the bark is an excellent hypoglycemic agent use to combat Diabetes mellitus. The extract was tested on rats that were suffering from diabetes and the results show that there’s a significance decrease in the glucose level in the rats who were treated. They’ve concluded that the ethyl acetate component of C. pentandra acts as a hypoglycemic agent and combat blood abnormalities associated with diabetes mellitus (Asongalem, Dimo, Dzeufiet, Kamtchouing, Ohandja, & Sokeng, 2006).
This finding and other previous studies about C. pentandra shows its potential as a medicinal plant. As more studies are conducted …show more content…
Most antibiotics including penicillin attack the cell wall of the bacteria that prevents them from synthesizing peptidoglycan which is a molecule that provides the bacteria strength to survive in the human body. However, there are multiple ways on how an antibiotic affects the peptidoglycan. For example is vancomycin, it affects the peptidoglycan but not in same manner as penicillin. A different class of antibiotics called quinolones targets DNA gyrase which unwinds DNA for replication. Since DNA can unwind because of the removal of the enzymes that do that bacteria can’t multiply. Tetracycline which is used to treat acne, respiratory tract infections and other conditions kill bacteria by inhibiting protein synthesis. This is done by stopping molecules to bind on a certain area of the cell called ribosome. Since key molecules can bind to ribosomes which is the site where protein synthesis happens the bacteria will die because it can’t carry out vital functions including asexual reproduction. Some antibiotics kill bacteria by stopping the production of folic acid which is an essential vitamin for proper functioning of the cell’s
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Adding copper pennies to the vase helps preserve the flower and help it live longer. A copper penny could be used as an antibacterial agent. It helps the flower stay alive longer because the copper prevents the fungi from growing in the inside, which could kill the flower. The help of the penny copper means that there will be none or limited fungi which is one factor why the flower could die faster.
This antibiotic produced a zone of inhibition of 26mm and was therefore sensitive. After a little bit more research it was concluded that K. oxytoca produces B-lactamase, therefore making it resistant to penicillin and ampicillin (MicrobeWiki, 2015). Now that testing has been done the providers know what type of medication would be best to start with. Two out of four medications could possibly be used to attack the infection. If the patient were to take Ciprofloxacin the mechanism of action would be to inhibit relaxation of DNA; inhibit DNA gyrase in
A mother, a leader, a navigator, an interpreter, and a woman. Sacagawea did it all. She is one of the most important members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, providing not only guidance, but hope for the journey. Sacagawea has become one of the most well-regarded women in American history for her strength and wisdom. She led two explores across threatening territories all while being a mother to her new born child.
“Antibiotic sensitivity tests showed that the two groups differed in sensitivity to penicillin and erythromycin, but no other antibiotics.” (Article abstract).Out of the nine hundred samples they took, the group showed the bacteria was defeated by the antibiotic penicillin and the antibiotic erythromycin but the other antibiotics didn’t touch the bacteria. The experiment showed people only two antibiotics were fighting off the bacteria. The two of which are being over used and over time will no longer work. If the bacteria continues to grow bigger and better, the antibiotics for ear infections aren’t going to work which leads to hearing loss, even to the extent of going
They work by either killing the bacteria or retain them from reproducing, with the help of our body’s natural defense system. When bacteria enter our body, our body produces anti-bodies. In other words, they act like soldiers searching for the enemy to destroy, and our bodies are like the army defending us against invasive bacteria. Antibiotics have the ability to recognize “the enemy” because bacteria cells are different from other cells in our body. After the bacteria gets killed, our immune system begins to remove them from the body.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria reformat themselves in order to become unaffected by the drugs or substances created to terminate them (About Antimicrobial Resistance). They gain resistance to the drugs which causes the drugs to be ineffective of use and leads to more harm. Antibiotic resistance commonly occurs within patients because of physicians misusing or overusing antibiotics. This creates a common resistance to patients and resulting in the constant creation for new antibiotics that would treat the bacteria (Antibiotic Resistance). The main conflict generally evolves from medical stewardship where physicians have the responsibility to optimally heal their patients to their best efforts (Medical Ethics and the Stewardship
Australian Giant Cuttlefish are in the following taxons, being ordered largest to smallest, Animalia, Mollusca, Cephalopoda, Sepioloida,Sepiidae,Sepia, lastly Apama. Their scientific name is, Sepia apama coming from their genus and species. Sepia apama is found about 100 meters under water around the southern coasts of Australia and Tanzania, in the seagrass beds of these coastal waters. Sepia apama typically eat small like crabs organisms called, crustaceans, and small fish. Sepia apama has predators in its own environment and hides from predators in an unusual way.
The second half of “The Life of Olaudah Equiano” written by himself focuses on his life as a freeman. Equiano, a tradesman traveling the world encountered new adventures, which led to spiritual transformations. Equiano endures a cultural mainstream through multiple viewpoints. He acknowledges similarities and differences between cultures, which transforms his curiosity for adventure toward the practice of converting new cultures to his beliefs as a Christian. What would one expect the identity of a man that bought his freedom out a slavery, only to take part in the practicing of slavery himself?
As a result, Anzaldua is able to emphasize the importance of simple objects such as; language, food, and music to an individual's culture. She asserts “ Yet I couldn't stop my feet from thumping to the music, could not stop humming the words,” the words “could not” are repeated each time to create emotion that shows she will not be oppressed and she will continue to rebel against the oppression (42). This is also used to speed the pace and rhythm of the phrase to increase the anger and passion she has towards people who want to assimilate her society to be like everyone else. Anzaldua is then able to stack alliteration with an image for the audience by asserting “ who we were, what we were, how we evolved. We ban to get a glimpse of what
We thought that Penicillium was not inhibited because of structural differences between it and the susceptible fungi, but it is possible that penicillin killed off the bacteria. Unfortunately, the short stay prevented us from confirming our theory, and I left Costa Rica, longing for an extended research
Rulers, Most Important people, and How the Empire Rose and Fell There were two main rulers in the history of the Empire of Mali, Sundiata and Mansa Musa. The rise of Mali began under Sundiata’s rule. He was a mighty warrior and an impressive magician. With his great army he took over the salt and gold mines which then helped his empire thrive even more. Sundiata worked to improve agriculture and farming within the empire.
Mandala Essay Growth is a very important part of our life. We can succeed or fail in life, but we try to accomplish our goals. The thorns on a rose are the obstacles we want to pass by as we accomplish our goals in life. A tree can mean growth and a new beginning. As a tree grow, it creates more branches, and the branches symbolizes another generation of your family.
The main culprit is the overuse of antibiotics to treat diseases. This overuse not only comes from doctors over-prescribing the antibiotics, but also people who use personal antibiotics for unknown illnesses without their doctor’s approval. By doing this, people are building up a bacteria’s resistance to that antibiotic because they may not be using it properly and once you use antibiotics multiple times, resistance can possibly follow (Lee). If antibiotics continue to be misused, people could be looking at a time in the near future where it is similar to the pre-antibiotic era (Lee). However, while researchers now know the main culprit of antibiotic resistance, they also know multiple techniques to minimize it as