The term gothic came into use in post-medieval times when the work of the Middle Ages men considered being crude & barbaric. I believe that this term was given to this style due to its structure; huge stone walls with pointed arches & gargoyles for example as mentioned by Jonathan Glancey, an architectural critic who worked as the architecture and design editor at ‘The Guardian’ in his book ‘Architecture: Eyewitness Companion Guide’, “High above the naves of these ship-like structures, and often well out of range of the human eye, we find expertly carved angels, demons, fronds, and finials: nothing was too good for the all-seeing eye of the heavenly
Terror, mystery, paranormal activity, doom and death were the main features of gothic novels during the era of gothic romanticism. Gothic novels and poems were given their own genre mainly because they include extreme emotional content and intensely dark themes. The natural settings were castles and monasteries which are typical forms of gothic literature. By 1840 the gothic genre had played itself out and this was partly due to writers who were developing the
The gothic literature of the nineteenth century has undergone various transformations . A major shift in Victorian gothic is in term of the setting. The gothic is shifted from pastoral, wild countryside to urban setting . The urban gothic relocates the traditional gothic castles to the city which became popular in the 1830 and was applied on gothic fictions throughout the rest of the century. As the southern European was the setting of the first wave of the gothic , London becomes typical setting of the dark fictions in nineteenth century because of its cultural, financial state in the world.
“Men screams from the depths of his soul” . Theatre was not the only art that was applied in Expressionism; in fact visual art was used first when a French painter called Julien-Auguste Hervé started to use it to distinguish his work from impressionism in 1911. However, theatre took a more important role in Germany’s culture than the visual arts, because theatre was active. What distinguishes expressionism in theatre with any other arts is that it is alive; it gave the audience the chance to “read” the performance as a text about the contemporary state of the German Culture. This distinction is very important for the understanding of what the theatrical expressionism attempted to do in its use of the stage and
The Renaissance was a period in European history, from the 14th to 17th century, regarded as the bridge between the Middle Ages and modern history. This era was known as the “rebirth” of artistic and philosophical advancements in Europe at the time. There were many things that made the Renaissance as monumental as it was, and those things would prove to shape the modern world in the future. This powerful era known as the Renaissance was due to the amount of creative artists and writers, technological inventions such as the printing press, and advancements in science that helped formed many discoveries around the world. A significant effect of the Renaissance was the influence of artists and writers on the people of this era.
H.G. Wells adapted this technique near the end of his writing career in hopes to persuade his readers to relate to his distinct and primary objective. Displaying this literary device, “The Door in the Wall” utilizes color symbolism to provide a more haunting image, resulting in a more gothic
The literature of Romanticism versus the Victorian era initially becomes a problematic subject to accept. As a Victorian poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins attacks the conception of religion by questioning the existence of God. Hopkins’ sonnets reflect this issue of an oppress religion and educates people towards the conspiracy of a change era through his magnificent poems. Hopkins stands true to the new and improve era of Victorian by conciliating the absences of divinity. Although others may have disagree that G.M.
Introduction The Renaissance was a period during which Europe flourished through the middle ages. The Renaissance comes from the French word rebirth. Given the name Rebirth, it was not only a historical period in Europe, but also the emerging of a new spirit of intellectual and creative review. It was the main feature in the religious, political, and theoretical sensation. Moreover, it represents the renewal of the spirit of both Rome and ancient Greece and for literature, a new meaning in the analysis of famous writers of classical literature.
Masaccio, who was also an acquaintance of Brunelleschi, picked up the technique from him. He reconstructed realistic figures and uses linear perspective in his painting and techniques of vanishing point in art. His masterpiece painting titled The Holy Trinity (1427-1428 CE) is one of the first painting that displays the accurate execution of perspective. Owing to the remarkable planning with linear perspective, he was able to compose the painting in a realistic manner. Based on the architecture of ancient rome, he portrays linear perspective based on contemporary architecture.
“ The revolutionary energy underlying the romantic movement affected not only just literature, but all of the arts --- from music to painting , from sculpture to architecture.” as claimed by (English Department, 12/02/2009). To to this day, many famous singers, artists and writers are influenced by the ideas that were behind forming the Romantic Movement such as individuality, imagination, intuition, idealism and inspiration, to name a few. Hence, are Today’s “important figures” a collection of copycats? Some of the most iconic authors of the Romantic Era were Edgar Allan Poe and Nathanial Hathorne. Both authors mainly focused on mysterious and gothic themes.
It was now assumed that although defense was a major influence, it was not always against an external enemy. Crusader castles were built to defend roads and passage ways and act as administrative centers and points and commerce for both Muslim and Christian people. The idea that castles formed a basis for a national defense was no longer valid as Smail argued that they were insufficient at stopping an enemy army and it was more efficient to use them as bases of operations. Afterwards, Joshua Prawer reargued that the strategic placement of crusader castles was the single most important factor determining the crusaders
The tall spires suggest the people’s ambitions to rise above the natural world and touch the supernatural realm. There were also vaulting windows which were decorated with stained glass and included images of the interaction between the supernatural and human worlds. These Cathedrals were also covered in carvings that told Biblical stories and often included humanity in conflict with the supernatural. These often included demons, angels, and monsters. Limestone was commonly used for building Gothic structures however, Northern and Eastern Germany, and Southern France made their Cathedrals out of brick and used mortar to stick them together.
Pere Oroming’s painting of the expulsion of the Moriscos clearly illustrates this concept (Document 6). The painting depicts a sharp contrast between the dark, tumultuous sea with the Moriscos and the strong, imposing castle of the Spanish. The point of the painting is to represent the idea that Spain is more stable as a result of religious uniformity. England also continued to rely on religious uniformity as a source of stability under Queen Elizabeth I. The Act of Uniformity mandated the attendance of religion in the nation and created punishments for failure to appear loyal to the Anglican church.
In William Manchester’s account of the Middle Ages, A World Lit Only by Fire, he describes many traits that are essential to the medieval mind. Between the decline of classical pagan culture in Western Europe and the rebirth of culture during the Renaissance, the minds of Europeans underwent many changes as they began to stray from Catholicism and divert their attentions to secular affairs under the notions of humanism. Medieval philosophy was heavily influenced by ideas from the classical works of the Greek and Roman worlds. The Middle Ages were a turning point in history that brought major changes to Europe. One of the traits Manchester believes to be essential to the medieval mind is sinfulness.
That being said, the museum would have many features for which the Roman are known for including archs, mosaics. domes, and spiral stairs. These features would not only draw attention to the public building due to their aesthetic properties, but they would also make the museum iconic by adding size to the monument. Size is important because the bigger the building the harder it will be to overlook or to demolish. To increase my chances of attaining public office building a monument that employs Roman architectural design is essential.