Criteria/Measurement The criteria for the question is to be measured according to major and minor length. To prove there was a division in America during the Civil War era there must be a shift in the interaction of the two side in America and the use of slavery affecting the divide. Seeing as the South was pro-slavery and the North wanted to abolish slavery. There are multiple viewpoints in the division in America with slavery. In the perspective of the South they believed there were no issues and that slavery was a key role in their economy. Southerners benefited from the cheap labor of having slaves.But the South believed as crops profits increase there is a higher demand for slaves, mainly for picking cotton. They did not need to pay them …show more content…
The North usually referred to as the Union had flourished industrially. The South was exceptionally fertile for soil and had warm climate to produce crops. Slavery is a system that people are treated as property and is to be bought and sold and forced into work. Slavery in the United States were primarily African Americans and had the side of the Union to abolish slavery. There was a strong division in The United States during the Civil War between The North and The …show more content…
Some may say that Also, there were many northerners had slaves too. Slavery had been a State right for the southerners to have and they felt their right was violated. Slavery may have divided America but some may say slavery was not what caused the division and led to the Civil War. The South wanted power over their federal government so they could have the power to abolish federal laws they did not support. Southernern states’ rights struggle between federal government and individual stats over political power. Also, many southerners during the election were unhappy with Lincoln and wanted change. But the political powers of government were very focused on slavery. The South wanted control over the federal government so they had the power to regulate slavery. This drew a growing divide within the nation. The South relied on slave labor and was less industrialization, favored low tariffs, and opposed direct taxation. The North was an industrial economy that wanted high tariffs to protect and support industry, and wanted direct taxation. In the end they are different sides with different views for the
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There were many sectional differences between the North and the South of America before the Civil War broke out in 1861. The main difference was the South being for slavery and the North opposing slavery. Other differences had occurred as well such as the North being mostly industrial, and the South was comprised mostly of farmers, who sold these goods to the North leaving the two economically interdependent to one another. The North was also geographically colder than the south, and was closer to Europe so trading was easier, this was the cause of the North being more industrialized with port cities and the South being farmers because their growing season was longer. Southerners also had a vastly different population than the North accounting
The northern and southern states of America gradually grew to become very different in both ideas but also economically. One of the prevailing ideas that differed between both regions was slavery. In the north, the economy was mostly composed of the manufacturing industry while in the south the economy was mostly based on agriculture. Seeing as how the south was dependent on slaves for their workforce in agriculture it only makes sense that they would highly oppose any conflicting views and laws. Any freedom given to slaves was a threat to the souths livelihood.
The North believed in federal rights while the south believed in state rights. The Tariff of 1828, otherwise known by the southerners as the “Tariff of Abominations”, was seen as unfair to the south since it hurt the southern economy and protected northern industry. While congress did not intend to further divide the two regions, they did make the decision to issue a tariff that obviously favored the northern economy. The Tariff of 1828 and the Tariff of 1832 were both direct cause of the Nullification crisis. Another way political power was affected in the North was from the development of political parties who strongly disliked Irish Immigrants and catholics.
The southern states wanted to make sure that slaves were counted in the population so that they would be able to have more representation within the government and gave the white slave owners more political clout while the northern states did not agree with slavery they did want their property to be counted (Jillson, 44). Including the slaves in the population made the southern states believe they would then have more power when it came time to elect the President. Having this power would allow them to continue owning slaves and help steer laws in regards to slavery. The southern states relied on slaves to help with much of the work that needed to be done, such as growing and taking care of crops. So for southern states
In the South, slaves were used as labor to work in the fields. Slaves were not permitted to have any rights nor were they given the respect of family life or basic human freedom. The case decision further created a division between the North from South. In the South, they enforced the idea that states had the right to control their own laws. However, the North enforced the concept of a strong nation have control over certain rights.
In the town of Pennsylvania, Gettysburg, 3,000 Union soldiers prepared to face 60,000 Confederate soldiers in battle. The Battle of Gettysburg is known to have been the day the Union regained its ground. An estimated 50,000 soldiers were killed, captured or wounded. The battle turned out to be a crushing defeat for the Confederacy. However, if the Confederacy turned out to be successful in conquering the Union at Gettysburg, the outcome of the Civil War would have been different than things turned out to be.
Discussion on Economic Developments and Regional Polarization How did economic developments amplify the regional polarization between the North and South? The south and the North of the US before the civil war were two different parts in the same country. The country experienced social and economic polarization that was from the inequalities between the two regions of the country. The differences started immediately after the industrial revolution. The revolution challenges between the two parts were payment of taxes and slavery this brought inequalities in the country and as the time went on the North grew in population and economically while the South lagged behind (Clawson, 1980).
The civil war is associated with southern succession, slavery, and the Republican Party, all factors which this dispute entailed. The initiation for such conflict though, lies in the territorial expansion that Americans believed was destined for the United States at the time. Territorial expansion pinned Americans against one another when debating whether the new states should be slaves states or not, questioned the power the Federal government had in comparison to states’ rights, and put at risk the unity of the U.S.A as a nation. With a vast majority of land acquired through agreements such as the Louisiana Purchase it was difficult to decide whether slavery should spread further west, not do so, or be equally distributed. How this was going to take place led to a long and costly conflict known as the American Civil War.
While citizens living in the South more commonly consisted of slaves and farmers with lower education as a result of their time spent working the land, rather than in school. Each side wanted their own beliefs to become the law, yet neither wanted to compromise or find an approach to work things out
Liberty has the definition of the state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority on one’s way of life, behavior, or political views. This means the right to be free in a country. America had trouble with finding how liberty can be a part of the country. The fight for liberty was difficult to obtain because America had the break from Great Britain, needed to build a country from scratch, and come together as a country. America was not always a free country.
The Civil War began over the South wanting to withdraw from the North or the Union. The South and North were having several issues with each other and the biggest was slavery and new land ownership. Let’s all be clear on this issue, slavery anywhere in the world, is wrong period, no exceptions and no excuses. But if we look at slavery in early America, we learned that the North and South was the same on the issue, and that issue was racism. There were some northerners that had no issue with slavery, and some southerners had issues with slavery.
They realized the presence of slavery was endangered. The political leaders from the South saw that slavery drove the southern economy, and if the North did abolish slavery that their economy would be severely damaged. Also, the North, with an increasing population, was beginning to take control of the legislature. The South understood they need to take action. William Halcomb, a physician in the South, thought the only thing the South had left to do was to secede.
From the dawn of the United States, there were clear sectional differences in the county. The South had slaves and the North did not. The North had mercantilism and the South had agriculture. The founding fathers had the chance to vastly change these differences by abolishing slavery in the Constitution, but they feared the Constitution not being ratified by the Southern states. These differences, while at the time, may have seemed small, gave our country two unique economies.