Cleft Lip Research Paper

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Cleft lip is an abnormality of the lip which is a gap on the lip that may lead up to the nasal cavity and a cleft palate is a split in the roof of the mouth. This leaves a hole between the nose and mouth. Cleft lip and palate are not contagious, it is usually a genetic malformation. This happens during our development in the womb where everyone has a clefts. The appearances of the face are separated, but as we mature throughout the pregnancy the face comes together and finally seals itself. The lips form between 4 and 6 weeks of pregnancy and the palate forms between 6 and 12 weeks of pregnancy. In babies born with a cleft the sealing did not quite finish the process of closing itself. The genetics for people born with this deformity is different…show more content…
This is mostly called Trisomy 13 which is also called Patau syndrome which is an extra copy of the chromosome 13. This is a chromosomal condition associated with severe cerebral disability and physical abnormalities in many parts of the body. People that have or know someone with trisomy 13 often have heart defects, brain or vertebral irregularities, poorly developed eyes, extra digits , an opening in the lip which is known as cleft lip with or without an opening in the roof of the mouth that is a cleft palate, and weak muscle tone . Due to the actuality of several life-threatening medical complications, many babies with trisomy 13 pass away within their first days or weeks of their…show more content…
The surgical treatment involves many types of specialists from a plastic surgeon that takes care of reconstructing the patients face to a social worker to provide guidance and counseling for the child and the family. The surgeon will discuss the details of the surgery, risks, difficulties, payments, recovery time, and the result of it. The surgical procedure can be performed in two ways. There is the rotation advancement lip restoration, where the surgeon makes an opening on both sides of the nostrils, going from the lip into the nostrils. Working through the incision, the surgeon opens the lip completely, rotates the pink outer part downward, and advances skin from the cheek into the cut part to get rid of the cleft. This is when the surgeon makes incisions to make small skin flaps in the middle of the lip and nose. These flaps overlap to close the cleft, restore muscle function, and form the normal lip

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