Confucius lived in a period of time, which featured in Chinese history of philosophy "Hundred Schools of Thought". It is a period of time in Chinese history that philosophers, thinkers and the schools they were identified with flourished from the 6th century to 221 B.C., the year when the State of Qin united China under the First Emperor of China. One hallmark of their teachings, which were markedly different from the teachings of their contemporaries in Ancient Greek, was manifested in the fact that they were all attempting to provide practical and applicable solutions to the social and political crises they all were confronted with. For example, legalists promoted strict application of the law, arguing that punishments should be severe and definite so that the people will fear them. Confucius took a diametrically opposite approach from the legalists. Confucianism is the tradition of thought and practice that is associated with Confucius and his followers, such as Mencius and Xunzi. Confucius never saw himself as a social innovator. Rather he considered himself a transmitter of traditional value and practices, with his own interpretations. Ancient Chinese tended to look toward the past a golden age, purer than present, as a font of ideas and traditions that …show more content…
He placed significant emphasis on education and study, as they are an integral part of his vision of building a society of harmony and advocating the conduct and dispositions of "junzi". In order to become a junzi, one had to learn the ways of Confucius' teachings. It is through education that the people learn to follow "li" (behavioral and ritual propriety) and treat others with "ren" (humaneness). He often contrasted the behaviors of a superior man and a petty person in his conversations with his disciples. "The noble person is inclusive, not exclusive; the petty person is exclusive, not inclusive. (The Analects
Qin Shi Huangdi was the first emperor to unify all regions of China into one single empire, taking drastic steps and measures to achieve this aim. He conquered six kingdoms and survived many attempts on his life. Through his barbarity and brutality, he had earned himself the title of the most successful and influential man of China. The State of Qin believed in a political philosophy called Legalism, which justified strict and centralized control and using the people to strengthen Qin. They believed that part of strengthening his rule was to force everyone to simply obey, not speak out against him and by decreeing even how people could write, what they could believe and what they could do.
In this paper I will begin to describe and analyzing the similarities and differences between Confucian and Taoist styles of leadership. These two main ideas are closing related in different ways but yet these two are different key concepts that are also different from each other. These are both types of religion, if one is not used in a sentence the other one is probably being used. I will be talking about each of these terms of styles that are forms of leadership separately. Then I will be taking both terms and talking about their similarities and differences.
The Iliad by Homer The Iliad was a really good representation of the chaotic war-torn times of the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; this includes the countries Rome and Greece. It was a time where nations were trying to expand their power and influence and warriors were claiming their spoils of war. I mean the beginning of book I of The Iliad, Achilles and Agamemnon are arguing over the rewards and the spoils of war. Agamemnon didn’t want to give up his prize girl Chryses in order to please the God Apollo and stop the plague and the rain of arrow falling from Olympus.
China, up until the Qin Dynasty, consisted of independent states controlled by kings fighting each other for land and power. This time period was called The Era of Warring States, which lasted two hundred years. After this time, the Qin Dynasty rose to power. They conquered all other dynasties, and established a centralized government, unifying China for the first time. The dynasty that succeeded the Qin, the Han, continued the centralized government and they started a westward expansion that would encourage trade and cultural diffusion.
Confucianism enforced harmony, between people while legalism enforced strict following of rules. For confucianism was built on the belief that harmony results when people in society accepted their place in their lives. However, Legalism was built on the fact that all humans are more inclined to do the wrong thing instead of the right thing due to the motivation of self-interest. Confucianism is described through the five key relationships: father to son, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, elder friend to younger friend, and ruler to subject. But legalism was described
Confucianism Slide 1: “Confucianism” R: “Confucianism.” Slide 2: “Historical Origins” John: “Confucianism was founded by Confucius during the late 6th century B.C.E, a time of great political turmoil for China. During this time Slide 3: “Confucius” Richard: Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher who is given credit for founding Confucianism. He lived from 551 to 479 B.C, famously known as a wise teacher of models of social interaction. While his neighbours in India were obsessed with the big mysteries of existence such as the origin or the universe, god or the afterlife.
He also believed that political order would be found by the proper ordering of human relationships. He said that a good government must be filed with people who are well educated and consciences people which are called Junzi. Chinese people built temples to commemorate Confucius. Confucius temples are also called Kong Miao in Chinese. Temples are where people of confucianism worship, and the most known temple is Qufu in Shandong Province.
Compare and contrast the roles of Confucianism and Buddhism in both China and Korea until roughly the 7th century Introduction East Asia is the largest emerging economy of the world at present, and this phenomenon can be traced back to its cultural, demographic, political and social traditions and identities. Yang and Tamney (2011) said religion was an integral part of cultural which played an extremely great role in enriching people’s spiritual life, guiding people to do good (p.132), and strengthening the state authority and legitimating their rule by instilling people with the politics-oriented beliefs from the perspective of the ruling class. Confucianism and Buddhism played a dominant role in the feudal society in both China and Korea and they exerted far-reaching impacts on both countries until today. As religion, both Confucianism and Buddhism served similar purposes in maintaining the social orderliness and stability, despite the differences between them in the religions beliefs and their impacts. In this paper, the roles of two mainstream religions, Confucianism (including Neo-Confucianism) and Buddhism in China and Korea until roughly the 7th century are compared and contrasted in various aspects.
Confucius, Aristotle, and Lao-Tzu—all incredibly influential thinkers—did not always agree on how one ought to live; where Aristotle believed that thought or study led to virtue, Lao-Tzu placed focus on inaction, and Confucius taught that rituals paved the way to the best life. A few ideas, however, tie Confucius closer to Aristotle than to Lao-Tzu. Because Aristotle also placed importance on names, emphasized the need to find a mean of behavior, and believed that rulers should most critically be moral, Confucius would have preferred Aristotle to Lao-Tzu. Names—Aristotle utilizes them, even though he recognizes the difference between what exists in reality and the form represented by its name, while Lao-Tzu, on the other hand, maintains that names only serve to put limits on the named, and, in fact run the risk of creating opposites. According to Lao-Tzu, “Recognize beauty and ugliness is born.
Their rationalities are still being used today. They were incredible masterminds with awesome impact in the antiquated society. Confucianism imparts to Aristotle mindfulness that for people to be great, they require moral astuteness and in addition different demeanors of character, yet Confucianism places more prominent accentuation on the part of reflection and concentrate in the improvement of good insight (Provis, 2017). Over the next several paragraphs, it is my goal to address the following: 1)
Dwayne Mattushik Confucius Family background is very poor and his dad died when he was only a baby and had a widow mother take care of him Teaching and preaching Lu as a public official was the profession that Confucius apparent failure. Using evidence from the analects three adjectives that describe Confucius character his family was very poor The three schools of ancient China’s problems and solutions different from those of Confucius is legalism which is the rule of law enforced by punishment. Taoism which is emphasis on the single rather than the society of people, being in harmony with nature. Finally is Mohism is the universal love even of individuals enemy Confucius believe about the power of tradition is that tradition is innovation that the rulers
As a follower of Confucius, he was an early central figure in the “consolidation of what came to be thought of as the Confucian tradition”. People had often underestimated Xunzi’s significance by saying that his ways were the same as Mencius. In fact, this was not true, during Xunzi’s time as a teacher and follower in the Zhou’s government, citizens soon found that Xunzi’s thoughts of Confucianism were completely contrary to Mencius’s. 4 One of the major differences between the two philosophers was that Mencius believed that all human nature was good where Xunzi’s belief was that “Human beings are born with a fondness for profit, a hatred, a dislike of others, and desires for sensual pleasure, if we follow our natures we will continue destructive conflict with each
There are two giants in the Axial Age of human history, Confucius and Plato, who are considered as the landmark in the oriental and western world. They are great philosophers, ideologists as well as excellent educators, whose thought have profound influence to the oriental and western world. Confucius’s ideas maintain authority for more than two thousand years, which have intimate connections with development of Chinese federal society. Even to this day, it still remains practical significance and reflects the glorious radiant. Plato’s doctrine is a source of Western political thought.
In Analects 7:1 of The Analects of Confucius, Confucius states that “I transmit, but do not innovate”. This can be interpreted as meaning that Confucius is not introducing new ideas to Chinese culture, but rather is reminding people of traditional teachings and the ancient ways of Chinese societies. Confucius believes that his current society, the Eastern Zhou dynasty, is in a state of instability because they have deviated from traditional ways. In order to become stable again, they must return to these ways. Confucius acts as a teacher who transmits and instructs society on these ancient ways, so society can again return to the order that was observed in the previous era.