In ancient china there were two widely different philosophes being so excepted within the same culture. The two philosophes were Confucianism and Legalism. Confucianism was during 55 B, in China. Legalism was during 475-221 BC, also in China. Confucianism is a belief or an idea. The purpose of this was to show people how to be in harmony with their place in life. Legalism is a ruling made by Shi Huangdi, who was a strict ruler in china. The purpose of this ruling was to get the people of china to follow the rule, and if they didn’t there was a very harsh punishment. Although confucianism and legalism have some similarities, but the differences between the two are amazingly clear. Confucianism enforced harmony, between people while legalism enforced strict following of rules. For confucianism was built on the belief that harmony results when people in society accepted their place in their lives. However, Legalism was built on the fact that all humans are more inclined to do the wrong thing instead of the right thing due to the motivation of self-interest. Confucianism is described through the five key relationships: father to son, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, elder friend to younger friend, and ruler to subject. But legalism was described …show more content…
They were both built in a dynasty. Confucianism was built in the Zhou dynasty while legalism was built and founded in the Qin dynasty. Both philosophies were followed during that period of time. Both philosophies controlled the society it was in, even if they didn’t like it. For confucianism, they believed that it controlled people action’s in society, this one was followed willing, which means they did want to believe in this ruling. However, for legalism it was made to control people's actions also like Confucianism but the society was forced to believe in it and the people of china hated
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Judge Dee: The Mother and Father of Chang Ping Judge Dee was referred to as the "mother and father" of the district of Chang Ping. Judge Dee was the district magistrate. He was faced with many cases, some which thought to be left unsolved. Judge Dee used different philosophies to help solve the cases that he faced. He used Confucianism by being truthful, Legalism by being equal, and Daoism by using intuition.
Confucianism also introduced a new way of organizing society. Instead of one having to live a life based on the bloodline, They were now able to create a life based on their ability and knowledge. Normally, In other dynasties, a civil servant was guaranteed the job of a government official because of their bloodline, but Confucius begged to differ. Confucius decreased the value of bloodline and increased the purpose of one's knowledge and ability.
They believed that the government should use law and punishment to end civil disorder. They also believed that a strong government was key to the system of legalism. After the Zhou dynasty was replaced by the Qin dynasty, legalist ideals were employed within the new dynasty. The Emperor of this new dynasty was named Shi Huangdi, which translates to " the
Since the start of the Chin dynasty, countless philosophies were developed and preserved throughout time. Legalism, which was created by Han Fei, is an example of change through time as many punishments got weaker and strict laws were declined. On the other hand, one of the main philosophies that show continuity is Confucianism and the ideas of respecting the superior people were developed throughout time. In fact, Mandate of Heaven, a belief of rulers receiving blessings of the gods, is also an example of continuity in philosophies. In summary, during the time period between 221 B.C to 618 A.D in China, Legalism went through many significant changes, while Confucianism and Mandate of Heaven stayed constant.
Legalism, by definition, is conformity to written or spoken laws, rather than a spiritual religion (Merriam Webster). Chinese legalists supported strong figures of authority who ruled forcefully, and armies that used labor to keep civilians from resisting. The sixth
When discussing the influence of Confucianism in the Han empire it is clear to say that other than the concept of education, relationship also played role in the contribution of order in society. One of the most well known systems in grouping this idea were the Five Relationships or in what used to be called wu-lun. These include relationships between father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, emperor and subject, and friend and friend. The most essential relationship during the Han dynasty would be the association between emperor and subject, in which, it is the job of a subject to serve the emperor but, it is also the job of the emperor to care for the subject. According to Taylor, “ The Five Relations are
Confucius believed that humans were instinctively well behaved people and that humans were taught bad behavior. Confucius believed that people must be educated about the rules. Confucius deemed that there were five relationships that were the key to order. These relationships are: Father to son Elder brother to younger brother Husband to wife Older friend to
It was later used as a model for other societies such as the Japanese, Koreans, and Vietnamese. Punishment carried depending on the status of the violator. The Tang Code was a result in Legalist thinking, but also Confucian values. Legalism was apparent though determining the appropriate punishment for a particular crime. However, Confucianism was apparent since the killing of a family member was worse than killing a stranger, resulting in a harsher crime.
Between 500 B.C-200 B.C, the philosophers, or the Chinese thinkers came up with theories and ideas to help bring peace and order to society. These three perspectives were, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. The first theory was Confucianism, it was a thought from a man named Confucius that wanted to bring peace to society. He thought that people needed a sense of duty, and his message was spread everywhere he went. He also thought that all men that had a talent for governing should take a part in government.
The third is younger and older siblings, older sibling were supposed to be considerate toward their younger siblings and in turn the younger sibling are supposed to be respectful to their older siblings. The fourth is friend and friend, the confucianism categorize this the same as the older and younger sibling relationship. The last relationship is father and son, fathers are taught to be kind to their sons and sons are taught to be obedient and listen to their fathers. Confucius also called Kongzi or Kongfuzi in chinese is the founder of Confucianism in 770B.C to 476B.C. He devoted his whole life to education and he had around 3,000 disciples.
Compare and contrast the roles of Confucianism and Buddhism in both China and Korea until roughly the 7th century Introduction East Asia is the largest emerging economy of the world at present, and this phenomenon can be traced back to its cultural, demographic, political and social traditions and identities. Yang and Tamney (2011) said religion was an integral part of cultural which played an extremely great role in enriching people’s spiritual life, guiding people to do good (p.132), and strengthening the state authority and legitimating their rule by instilling people with the politics-oriented beliefs from the perspective of the ruling class. Confucianism and Buddhism played a dominant role in the feudal society in both China and Korea and they exerted far-reaching impacts on both countries until today. As religion, both Confucianism and Buddhism served similar purposes in maintaining the social orderliness and stability, despite the differences between them in the religions beliefs and their impacts. In this paper, the roles of two mainstream religions, Confucianism (including Neo-Confucianism) and Buddhism in China and Korea until roughly the 7th century are compared and contrasted in various aspects.
Confucianism is the tradition of thought and practice that is associated with Confucius and his followers, such as Mencius and Xunzi. Confucius never saw himself as a social innovator. Rather he considered himself a transmitter of traditional value and practices, with his own interpretations. Ancient Chinese tended to look toward the past a golden age, purer than present, as a font of ideas and traditions that
Neither of these can be dispensed with” (Chan p. 255). Herein lies the ultimate departure from Confucianism, and the reason Legalists deem such thought unforgiveable. Whereas Confucius would emphasize that the goal of the state would be the removal of litigations entirely, Legalists pursue the notion that law is necessary at all times (Chan p. 88). Fundamental opposition prevents many comparisons between the two schools, with the differences far outweighing the
Although both Confucius and Mencius have a lot in common with regards to governance, the two do have varying opinions on certain matters such as the legitimacy when rulers are overthrown, and the relationship between the ruler and his people. In precedence to coming up with policies and administrative measures, one has to first consider the issue of human nature as it plays an essential role in the development of a state 's political system. In the Confucian philosophy, the belief is that goodness is innate in humans and that everyone shares this same trait [子曰：“性相近也，习相远也。”] (Analects, 17.2). Mencius further elaborated on this doctrine by stating that it is mankind’s natural tendency to be kind to others, just as water would naturally flow downwards (Mencius, 6A2).