Three perspectives of bringing peace to society was Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. In people’s lives peace in society is very important. People were longing for no violence and expected to be treated well. They wanted to feel comfortable and stable. Because they were searching for peace and order, they wanted rules to be enforced.
What can we learn about Confucianism from this excerpt? Master wants people to follow the rules. Master has three good ideas sufficiency of food, sufficiency of military equipment, and the confidence of the people in their ruler. Master says that military equipment is the most important. The goverment will not do anything if their is no order.
Many of his teachings implemented filial piety, or in a broader sense, the relationships between man and society. Confucius often examines the duty of one man being ruled by a government. Yet, he focuses on a balance between individuals and government, suggesting that they maintain a symbiotic relationship. Confucius explores the role one plays in society, and vice versa.
The base layer of many cultures is their religion, or philosophy of how they should live. The religion, or beliefs of a culture or region, can shape and mold that society in many different ways, whether it is how they view society, nature, and civilization or how they treat one another. Both Daoism and Confucianism played a pivotal roll in the development of Asian cultures. Confucianism came from the early teachings of the Dao or the “way of life” which began “The classical period beginning in the Xia, Shang, and Zhou kingdoms, including the justly famous Warring States philosophers at the end of the Shou kingdom from (1700-221 BCE), while Daoism started after in 200 BCE. While Daoism started to develop in 200 BCE and on. Both Daoism and Confucianism believed in the power of the Dao or the “way of life”. Although, while the followers of Confucianism had much more leeway and had the freedom to create their own destiny, in Daoism, the people let the Dao determine what path their life would take.
Confucianism enforced harmony, between people while legalism enforced strict following of rules. For confucianism was built on the belief that harmony results when people in society accepted their place in their lives. However, Legalism was built on the fact that all humans are more inclined to do the wrong thing instead of the right thing due to the motivation of self-interest. Confucianism is described through the five key relationships: father to son, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, elder friend to younger friend, and ruler to subject. But legalism was described
In Confucianism Ren and Li enable one to preserve the Dao, when an individual’s Benevolence and the proper manners or behavior pattern combine, a mystical power is produced with human and spiritual relations. Only through ritualized interactions with others and with the spirits can one realize one’s full potential as a human being.
The key experience, which should be the main goal, in Taoism is the idea of tao "the way" and developing as a person to become more in touch and in control of one’s own emotions. Emotionally the beliefs in Taoism are strongly rooted in compassion, virtue and meditation to provide different emotions. The three jewels of Taoism are meant to be the virtues of Taoism; compassion, frugality, humility. Compassion is the feeling of great sympathy and sorrow for someone who is stricken by misfortune. Virtue in the other hand being the moral excellence, goodness and righteousness. The purposes of rituals and meditation is to give experience for a person 's soul in order to develop and control their own
Buddhism as barbaric, imperfect, and foreign while others saw it as beneficial and a path to an orderly society and eternal salvation. Document one shows how Buddhism spread from India to China, The fact the Buddhism was not native to China caused great distress to scholars like Han Yu who stated throughout document five how the Buddha did not follow Chinese customs. He went on to explain that “the Buddha was a man of the barbarians.” Also, in document three, Faixan travels to India to find out how to improve chinese Buddhism because he does not think that it has been perfected in China. On the contrary, scholars who supported Buddhism praised how it offered a path to salvation (Document 2) and some, like Zang Mi in document six, went as far as to compare it to Taoism and Confucianism, saying that “all three teachings lead to the creation of an orderly society and for this reason the must be observed with respect” among other things. Both sides created great argument that only strengthened the beliefs of the elite who opposed the philosophy and the lower class who rejected
During early China, many religions, teachings, or philosophies acted as the main or leading idea of the civilization. Thus leading scholars not able to know which one had more an effect on China. The author of document 5 does not choose a side and has equal amount of regard. For example, “all three teachings lead to the creation of an orderly society… must be observed with respect.(Document 5)” The point of view of the author in document 5 was to show that all three teachings happened at the same time and we are unable to know which one had an effect, although the author had a high level of respect. Many scholars will say that statutes or written records would show proof of existence in China, however many would disagree. Leaving some scholars not able to take a side with the evidence that is left. For example, in document 1, an excerpt of “ The Four Noble Truths,” is one of the teachings of Buddha. This excerpt does not give enough information whether or not scholars can pick a side. Many scholars are not able to decipher evidence which lead them to be unsure of Buddhism in
The different schools of thoughts have seen to prosper during the Warring State Period. The Warring State period witnessed intensive warfare. Some of the ambitious king fought with the aim of gaining more territory and power, while some were fighting to survive and retain their power. Consequently, many states were not only competing with their military power but also with the philosophy they adapted in court and the state. Some of the notable schools of thought included Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and Mohism. However, in this paper, I will be highlighting on Confucianism and Legalism as these two philosophies differ vastly in their perception on whether human nature is kind or evil.
During the period from Chin Dynasty to the Sui Dynasty, Legalism changed significantly throughout time as they set harsh treatments as punishments. Legalism, a philosophy that includes the idea that human nature is selfish, was
Buddhism arose in India, and eventually spread to and influenced China after the fall of the Han Dynasty. Political instability also arrived somewhat after the arrival of Buddhism in China, but that stability was reestablished after 570 C.E. China, at the time of their instability, was under a Legalist structure enforced by Qin Shihuangdi, and after the fall of the Qin, it was under the Han Dynasty. The Han Dynasty arose in 206 B.C.E, unifying China and ruling under a Confucian structure. The responses to the spread of Buddhism in China between 500 B.C.E to the 9th century C.E varied in the author’s outlook as to how Buddhism changed the lifestyle, effected Chinese tradition, and caused a division of political structure.
Confucianism in the Han Dynasty revolved around family morals and the importance of inner morality. Confucianism is “the system of political and ethical ideas formulated by the Chinese philosopher Confucius toward the end of the Zhou Dynasty; it was intended
Smith views the relationship of Confucianism and Taoism as both ancient Chinese styles of living. Confucianism believes in setting good examples for others to follow, primarily in 5 key relationships: ruler and subject, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son. Taoism (a.k.a., Daoism) focuses on living harmoniously; this is where the concept of yin and yang originates. Smith believes each of the enduring world religions contains universal principles that transcend time and culture both Confucianism and Taoism can be combined into each other.
Similar to Confucius, Laozi also sought out a solution to create harmony in a world full of chaos and fragmentation. But Laozi found the solution through Daosim. The three ideas, the Dao, wuwei and yin and yang, are three key concepts in Daoism that leads to the harmony that Laozi strived for. These ideas, although created hundreds of years ago, still deeply influence Chinese thinking and culture