Daoist philosophy places emphases on an instinctive awareness, supported by balanced contact with nature, and rejects everything that is not natural. The principles of the Daoist encouraged isolation from humanity for personal development in nature and attaining balance between yin and yang. Confucian philosophy seeks order and social stability. The philosophy states that junzi (superior person) who has ren (human heartedness), exemplifies the ideal social order sought. An individual could become a junzi by promoting certain qualities like understanding of suffering and a quest of morality and righteousness. Confucius and his disciple Mencius had an influence on Chinese thought and social practice. Chinese traditions of worshiping deceased ancestors and exceptional leaders inspired the growth of Confucianism as a philosophic custom and religion. Confucianism was established as the state’s official doctrine by Emperor Wu of the Han dynasty. However, both philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism believed that anyone can develop wisdom or skill, regardless of social status or birth.
Confucius only taught around 3,000 students during his lifetime in the Zhou Dynasty, but his ideas and values became integrated with the Chinese culture of the past and the present (Ames). He created a syllabus for mastering the “six arts” and inspired those who followed his principles to become effective citizens. Although no one knows much about his life, he greatly influence the way China grew into what it is today.
Confucianism is the philosophy that would be the most stable comparing to Legalism and Daoism. First of all, the goal of Confucianism was to have a society that was peaceful and just. This means that Confucius wasn't a violent man. It shows that he wanted peace. His purpose wasn't to rule everything around him; it was the complete opposite.
Daoism taught Teachings based on Lazoi, meaning it was a peaceful and had nothing to do with violence or harming people no matter what. It told people to give up on concerns about the world, and to seek inner peace and live in harmony to give up worldly desires. Daoism usually gave examples of nature in their teachings on how to promote a peaceful society, and how to behave without anger. Daoism was existent between 500 and 300 B.C. and it helped bring the chinese to a sense of mind, because during that time many people needed help in finding what’s good and what’s bad (Spielvogel 290-291). Daoism was a second choice, and theory that also helped bring China peace to
Unlike the other two religions, Daoism didn’t pose any threats politically. Nevertheless, Chinese government convinced Daoist leaders to incorporate allegiance to ones government into their speeches. Daoism had no large impacts on any of the classical Chinese governments but it allowed people to concentrate on their beliefs instead of politics. That being said, Daoism is still practiced in certain parts of the world
t Comparing the Dao in Confucianism to the Dao in Daoism, similarities or differences Dao in Confucianism represents the entire normative human order. The Dao in Daoism antedates Tian and acts as the basis of the natural order. While in Confucian Dao they hold the ideal political-social-ethical order ordained by tian for the people. Confucianism encourages their perfectibility through self-effort the teaching of ethics and good movement. The primacy of the Confucian Dao requires superior human beings, sages and men of virtue to exert their highest effort to actualized its ideal design.
Both Confucianism and Daoism are philosophies which started in China. These are two very similar yet very different philosophies. These philosophies were never meant to be treated as a religion but many people have treated them as though they are. Daoism is mainly focused on the living of life by the individual, and Confucianism is more focused on the life of society as a whole.
In ancient china there were two widely different philosophes being so excepted within the same culture. The two philosophes were Confucianism and Legalism. Confucianism was during 55 B, in China. Legalism was during 475-221 BC, also in China. Confucianism is a belief or an idea. The purpose of this was to show people how to be in harmony with their place in life. Legalism is a ruling made by Shi Huangdi, who was a strict ruler in china. The purpose of this ruling was to get the people of china to follow the rule, and if they didn’t there was a very harsh punishment. Although confucianism and legalism have some similarities, but the differences between the two are amazingly clear.
Although there are many of similarities between Daoism and Buddhism, there are also several contrasting reasons that the philosophy Daoism believed that everyday life could be peaceful and happiness, but they must follow the way of Dao and the way of nature. If they break the rules, they will not receive peace and harmony. Nevertheless, Buddhism is an idealism and they believed that we can rebirth. Everyone had to pay for their action. If a man did a bad action in his life, he must need to experience some pains before he could receive Enlightment.
From Mandarin, the “Dao” translates to the path or way of life. The Dao also encompasses the balance of the universe and the natural flow of the world. These two seemingly contradictory definitions show how unique the Dao is and how many different forms and “definitions” it can really have. While the general consensus is that the Dao is a balance or natural way of life, the real confusion begins when you begin to delve into how to achieve, maintain, or appeal to the Dao. The two main schools of thought on this are Confucianism and Daoism. While both of these philosophies have a very similar belief of what the Dao really is, their concepts are simultaneously contradictory. This is mainly due to the fact that the manner in which to maintain the
Many people have mistaken Confucianism as a religion. However, it is a system of belief, a philosophy. This belief emphasizes on respect and harmony of relationships. Moreover, it pushed for a well-ordered society by accentuating human relationships, a righteous leader and a good education. Confucius, a philosopher and a teacher, founded Confucianism. He grew up in the period of warring states, a time of chaos and internal hostilities during the Zhou Dynasty. Therefore, Confucius’ ultimate goal was to transform the Chinese society into a state of unity and righteous. However, Confucianism did not flourish until the Han Dynasty. It also played a different role in the Song Dynasty.
Reed Hohner Mrs.Samal AP World 10/24/15 Daoism and Buddhism, which began in separate parts of the world, developed in vastly different ways, such as their beliefs in the role of government, their beliefs in supernatural affairs such as afterlife and gods, and the way each formed based on other outside influences such as other religions. Daoists believes in following may deities as opposed to the buddhists who do not believe in following any “creator”. daoists attempt to be one with nature as they pursue life and once they die, they believe that there is an afterlife. in buddhism, they believe that one will be reborn again and again through the 31 planes of life based on their past lives karma. in buddhism, there are 26 planes of life that are “good” and 4 that are “bad” and 1 that is nirvana.
Confucianism originated in China, with the teachings of Confucius. Confucianism was spread through relocation diffusion and contagious diffusion spread Confucianism more than hierarchical diffusion. Confucianism is practiced in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. It has the most influence there. There are approximately 6,111,056 people practicing Confucianism. There isn’t necessarily a deity in Confucianism. It revolves around ancestor worship. Confucius (551 BCE -- 479 BCE) founded Confucianism on his philosophies during his life. Confucianism has five holy books: "The Book of History," "The Book of Poetry," "The Book of Changes," "The Book of Rites," and the "Spring and Autumn Annals." “Confucianism is often characterized as a system of social
(Fisher, 2014, p. 195) Daoism is keeping a low profile, seeking stillness, humility, and quietness. (Fisher, 2014, p. 196) There are beliefs in faith healing, talismans, and longevity of life via inner alchemy. (Fisher, 2014, p. 197) Confucianism is based upon morality, an orderly society, education, and the hear-and-now. (Fisher, 2014, p. 207, 211, 216) Confucianism focus is on hierarchical relationships of parent and child, teacher and student, ruler and subject, friend and friend with the understanding of mutual reciprocity. (Fisher, 2014, 209-210) These relationships evolve at home, and the morality taught transcends outward towards society and government.
Elite families used several strategies to maintain their identity and status, including owing land, and participation in civil service examinations, eventually leading to a spot in government. A few activities elites would engage in are poetry, calligraphy, and painting. These were known as “The 3 Perfections”. They were connected to class and status, and showed a good education. The Song dynasty was known as a period of multi state.