Emily Huckabee HIS 122-601 Fall, 2016 Miguel Leόn-Portilla, The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico Mexican anthropologist and historian Miguel Leόn-Portilla gives his readers an alternative view of the destruction of the Aztec empire in his 1962 novel. His book is one of many written on the fall of the Aztecs. As an author, his book stands out from others because it tells the story from a different perspective, that of the ones being defeated. Portilla, being an expert on the Aztecs, begins by giving a synopsis of the Aztec Indians way of life and how Hernando Cortez, a Spanish conquistador, eventually overcame their empire in the search for gold. He gives this event in world history a different way to underand these
Defeat struck the Aztec Empire in 1521 when Hernan Cortes and his army invaded and conquered Tenochtitlan, bringing the end of the great civilization. Could the Aztecs have done something before, something that could have changed the way the Empire had come to an end? Geography helped in a major way, surrounding the Aztecs with protection from Mt.Popocatepetl and Mt.Iztaccihuatl . The weapons and war strategies that the Aztecs used were very well planned and could have defeated the Spanish. Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory.
This view clearly ignores the importance of the indigenous allies for the Spaniards. These allies played an important role in aiding and supplying the Spanish forces. They also provided the manpower needed to move these supplies, as well as the Spanish cannons, forward in their movement across Mexico. These allies also provided thousands of warriors who fought and died to support the Spanish victory. Examining these facts it is clear that the Spanish were neither as alone, nor as outnumbered as is popularly
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war between the U.S. and Mexico. This war was initiated by the United States and resulted in Mexico 's defeat and the loss of nearly 60 percent of its territory in the north. In the U.S. the war is termed the Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico. In Mexico names for the war include Primera intervención estadounidense en México, Guerra de la Invasión estadounidense, and Guerra del 1847. Nonetheless, the Mexican American War was unjust because of President Polk’s thirst for more territory.
Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands. Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold. Conquistador is basically a record of the last days of the Aztec civilization, as the two groups, the Aztecs and the Spaniards, clash, and the Spaniards ultimately come out on top. When Cortes and his men first arrived on the island of Cozumel in 1519, they were unaware that a complex and advanced civilization was just beyond the shores of Mexico.
Every saga has a beginning and on October 12, 1492, a handful of Europeans began their quest for the invasion, control and conquest of what came to be called Spanish America. When invasion ended conquest continued as assimilation saw a merging of cultures between Spaniards and many indigenous people over three centuries. The indigenous people of Latin America had a unique culture, one that suited their way of life. Once the Spanish infiltrated their homeland, it was to change forever. Spanish ideology was vastly different from that of the simple-minded ideology of the Indian.
The Aztec Empire was conquered by the Spanish in 1519 so quickly and rapidly that the Aztec people were left with devastating effects. When the Spanish went to invade the Aztecs they were ready, they had strong steel swords that didn 't break easily and they had cannons and guns as well. But sadly the Aztecs weren 't as rich as the Spanish and only had wooden spears, wooden clubs and wooden and leather shields which could break easily and were no match for the
Mexico owed the European countries money and did not want it to pay it back because of a series of devastating war with the United States known as the Mexican-American War. The Mexican-American War took place 14 years after the United States defeated Mexico. The European countries formed a Triple Alliance to work together to get their money back. However, Britain and Spain came to a negotiation with Mexico and withdrew. As for the France, they seized this opportunity to carve a dependent nation out of Mexican territory.
Though it is believed he has his mind only on the gold of the people nearby known as the Aztecs with their leader Montezuma. There were rumors that went about before we left that Cortez had only been named Captain because of his position with Diego Velazquez’s secretaries, Andres de Duero and Amador declares. The three had agreed to split the shares of the Captain. This is only words spoken and not actions scene. However, with all of the rumors afloat our journey to New Spain was not an easy one.
He debunks this by talking about how much of the actual military operations was undertaken by allies of the conquistadors. He said that they were actually outnumbered! The Spaniards were outnumbered by hundreds to one! He also talks about how there were many conquistadors from different backgrounds and nationalities, thus it wasn’t a
Finally, there Huey Tlatcani better known as the Great Speaker. He was the emperor who receives god like worshipped by everyone. The emperor power was great however; he could be remove from power. The Aztec government did not rule with an iron fist, as many would believe. The power of the empire did not reach every stump of the people lives those tribe that were conquer were force to pay tribute yet, they had certain amount of freedom (Placeholder1).
It also covered the punitive expedition as was one of the incidents that saw the US and almost come so close to war that was it not by the intervention of President Woodrow Wilson and his Mexican counterpart Carranza that the war was averted. Generally, the punitive expedition was and still is considered a failure to Pershing, his troops and to the Americans as they never got to catch Villa. Pershing and his troops were in Mexico for 11 months and they failed to capture the revolutionary leader. Nonetheless, it can also be seen as a success as the troops were able to engage Villa and keep him away from attacking American cities and its people. The invasion to some extent was used by the troops as a training ground and testing of new military equipments in readiness for the war with Germans.
The first European power to set-up permanent settlements in America were the Spanish. The first Spanish permanent base was set up by Nicolas de Ovando, who in 1502 arrived with 2,500 men. Then in 1519 a man named Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec city using superior military technology and a disease called smallpox. The Aztec City takeover was the key to the Spanish success because they were warriors who were basically superior to their surrounding neighbors. The Aztecs were able to force the barbarian view on others, of course this was before the smallpox epidemic (Foner, 2012, pp.20-21) At this time Spain and Portugal were being enforced with a powerful royal government and religious orthodoxy by exploiting the Muslims and Jews.