The Native American removal was the process of evicting approximately 100,000 Indians from their homeland in the United States during the 1830s, resulting in the deaths of approximately 15,000 indigenous people (Britannica). At the time, President Andrew Jackson wanted to populate the Indian tribes’ home territories in the eastern United States with American citizens by forcing Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River (Doc 6). Out of the tribes, only some followed the President’s orders voluntarily. Others, such as the Seminole tribe, resisted. The Native American removal was not justifiable given the tribes were trying to assimilate, they had already surrendered land to the US, the process was a waste of American time and resources, and the method of removal was inhumane.
Assimilation is the act of absorbing into another culture or group (Merriam-Webster). This is precisely what some of the indigenous tribes were trying to do. In particular, the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole tribes tried to assimilate into white society. This act of assimilation was what granted them the name, “The Five Civilized Tribes.” These tribes made changes to their society in hope that they could avoid white harassment. For example, the Cherokee tribe accepted the white God, translated the American Bible to their native language, wrote on paper like the Americans, developed houses and communities, and even had their own constitution (Doc 3). Given the Five
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Eventually the US government was able to contain the Indian tribes but wanted to transform them into Americans. They began a process called Americanization which was simply to teach the Indians the ‘white’ ways. There would be preachers and teachers going to reservations very frequently attempting to convert the Indians into Christians and to create schools for children so they learn to be civilized. With all the preachers and teachers commuting daily trying to change the ways of the Indians lives it still didn 't stop them from practicing their religious beliefs. For example, the Indian tribes would have a ritual dance called the Sun Dance, which was done very often.
After many excruciating and bloody battles, one example being the Battle of Horse Show Bend, Native American tribes began to realize they couldn’t defeat Americans in war. Instead they developed a strategy of appeasement. This plan consisted of the Native Americans giving up a large portion of their land, in hopes that they could retain some of it. However, appeasement and resistance did not work. Following, Andrew Jackson convinced congress to pass the Removal Act of 1830.
Andrew Jackson is known for being a major advocate for the superfluous removal of the Native American tribes. Jackson was being oblivious when he decided that he should ignore the treaties signed with the natives. The president was exhibiting selfishness and naïveté by confiscating the lands of the natives, to which they rightfully owned. Jackson had forced the “five civilized tribes,” which were natives who had adopted their neighbor’s ideas. These tribes were forced to make a long and perilous journey to the west of the Mississippi River.
The Indian Removal Act is an important event in the development of early U.S. history, and continues to have a lasting impact on our world today. The Indian Removal Act affected the land Americans had access to. It changed the culture of Native Americans tribes nearby and relocated them off their sacred land. Americans then took this opportunity to move West beyond the Appalachian Mountain and into the fertile land to start more farms that made the Us economy even better. This is because the main economy in the US at the time was agriculture.
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
The Indians did establish schools, develop written language and laws and even became sedentary farmers. Even though they had done all this to become a citizen they were still not recognized. They gave up hunting to adapt the European-American culture. The policy was designed to remove the Native Americans by the American government. The Indian Removal Act was not just created in the 1830’s but was culminated in the nineteenth century.
White residents of the United States clashed with the Indigenous people on land, food, and rights, without a permanent compromise. In 1829, President Andrew Jackson proposes to move all Indigenous people within America’s current territory to reservations. After being pursued for nearly thirty years, the Choctaw and the Chickasaw tribes agreed for their removal. This would allow whites to live their civilized lives as the Indigenous people cast off their savage habits in remote reservations. President Jackson’s Case for the Removal Act shows that those of power and majority decide the terms of segregation.
Native American Removal The Native American Removal was an essential factor in the expansion of land and power for the U.S. in the 19th century. The Native American Removal started because Anglo-Americans wanted to expand in power and land, but the natives were in that land. Most tribes left peacefully without any fight but some fought back and died. Andrew Jackson played a big role in the removal, he made many laws and acted against Native Americans. As stated by the National Park Service, “From the perspective of individuals like Cass, the Mississippi River would become the new dividing line between Native and US settlement.”
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them.
Their beliefs were rejected by the white-american culture which made it difficult to assimilate or control the tribes by the United States. The U.S. was trying to convert the plains tribes from hunter-gatherers to farmers in the the European-American tradition. Native Americans tends to focus around nature. Their religion includes a number of practices,ceremonies and traditions. Their religion ceremonies included feasts, music, dances, and other performances.
American Indians were unfamiliar to them and they seemed to occupy land that they white settlers wanted. George Washington had a clever way to solve the problem by civilizing the Native Americans. The southeastern United States, many Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek and Cherokee people embraced customs and became known as the Five Civilized Tribes. Some of their lands were in Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee, and Florida. The whites would have done anything to have their land that they wanted.
Could you imagine being moved from your home and march hundreds of miles at gunpoint! It sounds like a nightmare but it was a reality for many innocent people they were forced to move to a whole different place and try to survive. In 1820 the treaty of doak 's stand was one of the very first removal of native and land. Andrew jackson gave a talk /speech to the choctaw proposed land exchange for land in the mississippi for land in arkansas but the choctaw nation did not want to sign the treaty but jackson forced the natives to sign jackson was not yet president.
As a part of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, Native American people were forcefully assembled and made to endure one of the longest walks from Georgia to Oklahoma on what has become known as the Trail of Tears. President Andrew Jackson’s motives for movement of the Native people to a new territory was to eliminate the Native race by stripping the victims of their vital resources needed for basic survival. After 178 years of expansion and growth in the United States of America, the circumstances for Native Americans remain unchanged. President Jackson’s sentiments have permeated the present society in issues associated with the physical and emotional fight to decolonize. Decolonization is both the individual and communal effort to regenerate
Many tribes had cultural ties to the environment itself. When the Americans established the Indian Removal Act, the Native Americans were forced to leave these cultural grounds. Those who refused to leave their original homeland had to conform to the ways of colonial life instead
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Cherokees were going through a time of rebirth and regeneration. After the American Revolution the Cherokees confronted with economic depression. They gave up their homes, villages, towns and hunting grounds to white Americans. Many Cherokees adopted customs, beliefs and lifestyles of white Americans; they profoundly assimilated White culture because in this way they hoped could survive as a nation in their homeland.