In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Cherokees were going through a time of rebirth and regeneration. After the American Revolution the Cherokees confronted with economic depression. They gave up their homes, villages, towns and hunting grounds to white Americans. Many Cherokees adopted customs, beliefs and lifestyles of white Americans; they profoundly assimilated White culture because in this way they hoped could survive as a nation in their homeland.
One being forced out of the only home they ever knew, only for the gain of their oppressors is extremely harsh. In 1830, president Andrew Jackson formulated a cruel plan to do this, announcing his goals to the nation. He believed that all natives were savages, and worth less than white men. Jackson’s speech on American Indian removal possesses several flaws, as he neglects the fact that the Indians were there first, fails to empathize with the native population as he plans to forcibly remove them, and is morally incorrect in his judgement of the Native Americans.
When Andrew Jackson became president in 1829, the Native American condition worsened. Congress allowed the president to solve the "Indian problem" with the Indian Removal Act of 1830 (O’Neill 11). This act gave President Jackson permission to offer tribes land west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their tribal lands east of the Mississippi. Politicians of the day considered this a generous offer, (O’Neil 11) but the Native American population would not surrender their homes so easily. So the federal government used some shady tactics in order to get many tribes to accept the agreement.
As Yehuda Berg said, “words have energy and power with the ability to help… [and] to harm.” Expanding upon his reflection to examine varying social perspectives on American expansionist, colonial and slave society contexts, one can see that officials of European descent including Meriwether Lewis, William Clark and John Eliot converted white words and ideas into mutually intelligible Native American terms to persuade tribal leaders to adopt white mores. Accordingly, some Native Americans responded to these jabs of white supremacist coercion through outright resistance while others re-enacted white behaviors to receive preferential treatment from white leaders and gain social influence that had the potential to undermine white hegemony. Transcending
Achebe chose a character like Okonkwo as he felt that such a character would portray Nigerians as they really were. Throughout the book Okonkwo was characterized deeply which is a reflection of the authors purpose for writing the book. In the book the use of characters like Mr Brown and Mr Smith also reflect Achebe’s context. Since Achebe is a Christian whose parents were missionaries he spoke about the good side and bad side of the western colonization through the use of characters like Mr. Smith and Mr. Brown. Missionaries were the white men who were colonizing African tribes.
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
Many Spanish colonials didn’t want to recognize the Indians as human. They wanted to take control of the people and the land that they “discovered”. Under the first set of Spanish laws in the New World, Native Americans were enslaved and forced to work for the colonials. They had no freedom. However, many Spanish friars realized that what their people were doing was wrong.
Dawes showed as someone who is advocating the rights of the American Indians but the act he advocated for caused families to disintegrate. A family of four middle-aged sons may receive allotment fifty miles apart and their old grandfather one hundred miles away (Reyhner and Eder,2006, p.82). It also caused the American Indians to lose their land to others. After the allotment was done the
Jackson planned on moving Native Americans west of the Mississippi River, to maintain the land many Native Americans called home. At first, Jackson proposed treaties to the Native Americans hoping for them to sign so he could deviously take their land. One of Jackson’s known tactics is lying, which he happened to do in this case, where he promised Native Americans that by moving west the were insuring a safe future. Conclusively, the Native Americans refused to sign the treaty as stated in Andrew Jackson and the Constitution, “Ultimately, he forcibly removed a number of tribes, most notoriously the Cherokee, from their homes.” (gilderlehrman.org) Numerous amounts of Native Americans were killed from their removal, this incident was known as the Trail of Tears.
Some people rejected the idea and did not feel it was right to support the Indian Removal Act. But the actions caused by that where very harsh and taken very badly for the Native Americans. Even all the people in the south were for it and it wasn’t even alright for the Native Americans. “The New Echta treaty was used to expel 1,700 Cherokee's from their Southern homelands. In the winter of 1838- 1839, 14,000 sauntered 1.200 miles through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas into Indian land.
In 1830, just a year after taking office, Jackson pushed a new piece of legislation called the "Indian Removal Act" through both houses of Congress. It gave the president power to negotiate removal treaties with Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi. Under these treaties, the Indians were to give up their lands east of the Mississippi in exchange for lands to the west. Those wishing to remain in the east would become citizens of their home state. This act affected not only the southeastern nations, but many others further north.
Gibson, 1833.” Mahon addressed the federal government’s effort to reunite Seminoles with Creeks as “kindred friends,” but explained this position on White ignorance of Creek-Seminole relations. It is important, though, to emphasize that the difficulty in constructing the fate of the Seminoles relied on treaties written by the White Americans. Oftentimes the Seminoles were also dependent on Blacks both interpreting for, and representing, Seminole Indian interests; leaving speculation of divided
What also triggered war was weakening relations with the Indians in the West. While the government tried to remove them from their lands to make room for settlers, they tried to civilize the Indians the best they could. The Indians that were acquired through the Louisiana Purchase were now significantly outnumbered by white settlers, and some tribes began to take on white ways of life, such as slavery and agriculture. Other Indians, called nativists, wanted to completely exterminate European influences and defy the settlement of their lands. The vote to declare war on Britain in 1812 reflected a divided nation between North and South.
Which proved for their security and steps to take against trespassers on their land, the enforcement of these laws was nowhere to be found. The lack of enforcement of these laws was seen as silent consent that it was indeed ok to take the lands from the Cherokee people. Ross wrote to John C. Calhoun in 1822, “Brother, we have repeatedly complained to your Government of the injuries done to our nation by our white Brethren of the frontier states, in direct violation of the good faith solemnly pledged by your Government. There appears to be a great relaxation in enforcing those obligations.
Imagine having to walk over 1200 miles because someone else wants you land. In 1820 five Native American tribes the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Seminole, Cherokee, and Creek Indians were invaded by all of the white people who came to the U.S from Europe, and the white men got very settled. Ever since the white men showed up to the U.S. there was conflict with the Native Americans. The Indian Removal Act is when southern Indian tribes formed their removal of the Natives and forced them to leave all of there stuff. I believe that the Indian Removal Act is a step in the wrong direction because we were not treating the Native Americans like human beings, it went against the constitution, and jackson wanted to build a wall to separate.