Let us break down what justice is; justice is behaviour that is just or fair. So the justice system is the system that enforces the law which involves apprehending the accused, prosecuting the accused, defending the accused, sentencing and punishing the guilty. The justice system makes sure that every citizen is heard for and is helped according to what has happened to them.
Criminal justice, known as an interdisciplinary, liberal arts field of study that began in the late 1920s. August Vollmer, a police chief at the time convinced the University of California to offer courses on the subject of Criminal Justice. August Vollmer, considered the founder of the discipline (Jeffery, 1959).
In every system there are flaws. The criminal justice system is no exception. A major flaw that occurs is the problem of wrongful convictions. Around the world, innocent people are incarcerated and sometimes even executed for crimes that they didn’t commit. The United States of America is known for its high number of overturned cases due to actual innocence. Japan has a reputation for its impossibly high conviction rate, but this reputation tends to overshadow its also high rate of wrongful convictions (Johnson, 2015).
Many tragic events are caused by the world’s inability to accept differences between human beings. This concept is seen throughout the history of the criminal justice system. Conflicts like lynching come as a result of intolerance, and as Betty Smith once said, “Intolerance is a thing that causes war, pogrom, crucifixions, lynchings, and makes people cruel to little children and each other. It is responsible for the most viciousness, violence, terror, and heart and soul breaking the world.” The Criminal Justice System is a huge part of why the south, or even America as a whole, had so many problems with lynching which is exemplified in “To Kill a Mockingbird.”
The goal of the United States Criminal Justice System is to deliver justice for all. Justice meaning to convict and punish those who are guilty while protecting those who are innocent. On many occasions, the Criminal Justice System has failed to reach this goal by doing the opposite of its purpose and serving injustice. The justice system fails when it allows false arrests, malicious prosecutions and denial of a speedy trial to innocent people. Injustice is an important issue in the United States because it negatively affects the lives of those involved. The effect of a failed justice system causes innocent people to feel the “heartache of having missed so much of life” after serving time for a crime they did not commit (Baca 567). They become
The criminal justice system is agencies set in place by the government to control crime and give punishment to those that violate the law. The criminal justice system is comprised of three major institutions which are law enforcement, the court system and corrections. Law enforcement are the ones who enforce the law and then remind arrestees of these rights. The fourth amendment which is prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures of one before he/she is questioned. You have several parts of the criminal justice system like law enforcement, prosecution, defense attorneys, you have the court system there are restrictions on a case being prosecuted including the right to confront ones accusers. Nevertheless, the courts are run by judges, all of these are to ensure a fair trial for the accused. Finally the corrections, when there is a conviction and the charges given for jail time the defended will be sent to the corrections system for punishment. As it concerns the victim civil court proceedings as victims speak out more against wrong doers, the offender will know there are consequences. It allows the victim to feel empowered verse being afraid or feelings of hopelessness. Victims need to know they have the right to restitution and compensation as a financial means of recovering for lost of wages, hospital bills, counseling cost, and/or property damages. It is always the victims right as to whether they want to pursue civil actions against the offender.
As what everybody knows, criminal justice refers to the system and agency within the government which focuses on safeguarding the peace and order of the society. Among the agency goals are the mitigation of crimes and implementing appropriate disciplinary actions among those who have violated the laws or giving suitable rehabilitation programs (Neocleous, 2004).
This theory states that criminal procedures are part and branch of philosophy that focuses on punish those who break the law. There is a strong correlation between criminal procedures and the philosophy of law as well as the morals and ethical standards of society. Criminal law theorists put more emphases on offenses that can be seen as illegal and that warrant criminalization of the activities or events. Thus, most of these theorists believe that there is the need to punish the lawbreakers to set an example to other individuals who may have intentions of following their suit or engaging in legal activities. Some of the activities classified by criminal law theorist as a crime or illegal include murder, rape and
Criminal justice 2 represents reasonable descriptions of reality. This theory approach tries to categorize and classify events in order to recognize the reasons of events, to forecast the way of future events and to know how and why these events take place. It speaks to a sensible and educated figure concerning why things are as they seem and to clarify their underlying nature and importance. The era of hypothetical clarifications is the thing that recognizes a theory of simply an accumulation of war stories and precisely documented encyclopedic accounts. Theory inquires: What is the purpose of the majority of this? What does it mean? Why are things along these lines?
The most problematic component in the criminal justice system are the courts. The courts were designed to ensure that individuals have a fair trial and that their rights are upheld. The courts act as a bridge between law enforcement and corrections. Courts produce the laws that sentence individuals to correctional facilities and it is the law enforcement 's job to enforce those laws. The actors in the courts such as judges, juries, and public defenders is a reason why courts are the most problematic component in the criminal justice system. The many components involved with courts is a reason why they are to most problematic component in the criminal justice system.
Recently, I have noticed a trend among the juveniles we have on probation. Many of them are coming onto our caseloads with multiple mitigating factors that simply cannot be addressed or corrected with weekly contacts. These factors include, but are not limited to the following: homelessness, educational needs, mental health issues, addiction, impoverished conditions, negative peer influences, and lack of extra-curricular activities. In fact, several kids, along with their families, could benefit from some form of contact every day. For instance, I met with a probationer last month who wanted to show me that he cleaned up his bedroom. As I walked in, the smell of mildew nearly knocked me over. I happened to look up at his ceiling and noticed
Moving forward, in order to understand the criminal justice system more, it is important to know what the concept of federalism is. Federalism is meant the government powers being shared within the national government and states. As I should also mention, federalism plays a part in the growth and development of the United States. While reading through the textbook, federalism established a powerful national government, allowing state powers and traditions. As an example that was mentioned in the textbook, back in 2015, California was known for becoming the fifth state to legalize physician-assisted suicide, but only allowing for those certain patients who were ill. Federalism can be seen clear due to the federal law enforcement levels.
Politics have had a major influence on crime and the criminal justice systems of countries around the world for centuries. Politics have lead to bribery, corruption, and deception in the criminal justice system. Although the amount of influence politics have on the criminal justice system has declined, politics can still be quite prevalent in modern criminal justice systems.
Criminal justice organizations come in various shapes and sizes which all need effective decision makers in their administration. Organizations are complex and interesting structures consisting of various components related to each other. The criminal justice system operates like most types of organizations when dealing with financial resources. There are budgets, limited amount of resources, and an overburdened workload in certain areas. “Perspectives on criminal justice organizations are particularly unique, compared with other public sector organizations that carry the authority of government, because criminal justice agencies and their members may apply legitimate coercive force to control citizens” (Stojkovic, Kalinich, & Klofas, 2015, p. 8). The organizations that make up the criminal justice system are necessary to keep society safe and to maintain order in the country.
Criminal Justice is the system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. Criminal justice is also a field of study.