Culture, And Civilizations: The Concept Of Culture And Civilization

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CHAPTER 1 Concept of culture and civilization
Meaning of Culture :
Although it is Difficult to give any exact defination of culture , but it is very easy to understand the concept of Culture. examples of culture can be seen every where around you. you intuitively know that their are certain attitudes, feelings and ideas that exist when you go to a certain place. like in corp-orate Culture, office might be formal or casual in design, employes may be encouraged to dress casually to encourage feeling of equality, comfort and for productivity, management might show caring and personable attitude by sending gifts and cards to employees on key dates in their lives and festivals etc.right from throwing garbage in dustbin to maintaining silence at Temples are part of culture.culture refers to man 's socially learned behaivour. it is an accumulation of knowledge,ideas,goals,values and materisal objects of society shared by all the members, not transmitted biologically but socially from generation to generation.
Edward Tyron says, "Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge,beliefs,art morals,law,custom, and other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society."
Redfield defines culture as, "An organised body of conventional understandings manifest in art and artifact which persisting through traditions,characterises a human group."
According to M.I. Herskovits, "Culture is Man made part of environment."

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