David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

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In “An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding” David Hume talks about two kind of human reasoning, relations of ideas and Matters of fact. According to Hume, all the objects of human reason or inquiry naturally divided into two categories. Relations of ideas are thing that we can know by just thinking or knowing the meaning of the words, on the other hand, matters of fact are the opposite. He also point out the problem of induction, we are justified in using our experience of the past as evidence of what will happen in the future which is known as causation. If human reason are not relations of ideas or matters of fact, he says they are nonsense. For example science will be nonsense because they are not relations of ideas nor matters of fact. The first object of human reason is relations of ideas. These are things humans know through intuitively or demonstration. They are statements that are true simply in virtue of the concepts contained in them and not in virtue of the way the world is. They are true by definition and just have to know the meaning of the word to know if it true or false. Relations of ideas are also called …show more content…

Therefore they are important, meaningful, or significant to human being. They are not true by definition. Examples of matters of facts are “the sun will rise tomorrow”, and “all bachelors have messy apartments.” In the case of bachelors having messy apartments, all we have to do is find a bachelor with a non-messy apartment then the statement will be proven wrong. Hume says, “The contrary of every matter of fact is still possible.” It means that matter of fact are something that is not false but there is a possibility that it can be also false like the bachelors non-messy apartment. According to Hume matter of facts are unjustified. We can have a priori knowledge only if it is a relations of ideas and matters of fact can be known only as a

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