Missouri’s seeking to become a state in 1819 was complicated by the fact that it currently had slavery. Maine also was seeking admittance to be a (free) state so the two were paired together as free and slave, balancing out the Congress. In order to prevent further conflicts over whether states would be free or slave, Senator Jesse Thomas proposed the 36°30’ parallel to ban the introduction of slave states above Missouri, known as the Missouri Compromise. The cause of the Missouri Compromise was the division of Congress as members representing free states and slave states. If the balance was overthrown, it was feared that slavery could be abolished nationally or legalized nationally by a majority of representatives of either side.
362) These government measures gifted African Americans the rights and benefits of citizenship. However, planters resented these advancements and wished to regain their previous social and political dominance. When the First Reconstruction Act was passed in 1867, political activity among African Americans surged, with “approximately 735,000 black and 635,000 white voters” enrolled in the ten unreconstructed states, and black electoral majorities in five states, as reported by Faragher. (Out of Many, p. 372) After African Americans were granted the right to vote in February 1869 with the passing of the Fifteenth Amendment, “Congress required the four remaining unreconstructed states to ratify both the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments before readmission,” as stated by Faragher.
The three-fifths compromise was a system to determine state representation in Congress by counting each enslaved person as three-fifths of a person. Proposed in 1787 by James Wilson and Roger Sherman, it clearly showed the strength of the proslavery forces during the time of the United States Constitutional Convention. Since the Virginia Plan was rejected, the three-fifths compromise was enacted as a new framework for the government. The Southern states demanded more representation politically because their population was vastly increased due to slavery. The Northerners viewed one free man as one vote and one slave not counting as part of the population while the Southerners viewed one free man as one vote as well as one slave as one vote.
Another controversy of Andrew Jackson’s presidency sparked when Jackson became extremely strict with South Carolina. Though Jackson was known for strongly supporting states’ rights, however, Jackson confronted South Carolina when they decided not to allow federal tariffs. In 1832, South Carolina declared the federal tariffs passed in 1828 and 1832 null and void and prohibiting the federal tariffs in South Carolina. While urging Congress to lower the high tariffs, Jackson wanted a strong Union with the same laws, and he obtained authority to order federal armed forces to South Carolina to enforce federal laws. South Carolina backed down to Jackson, and allowed the high federal tariffs down.
How the Missouri Compromise made political conditions worse: The Missouri Compromise… The purpose of the Missouri Compromise was to remove sectional and political rivalries between the North and the South. The North was provoked by the authorization of Missouri becoming a slave state by the South in 1819.
Douglass gave a speech called, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?.”. Douglass delivered this speech on July 5th, 1852 about how the Fourth of July makes African- Americans feel. Douglass uses rhetorical questions to get the audience to reflect, and get them to start thinking about the Fourth of July. Throughout the speech Douglass refers to the country as “yours”, he never says “ours” or “we”, this creates a distinction between himself and the audience. Douglass does not feel like he can call the country as his own.
They represented the interests of all African Americans, and they started to make decisions based on ones which would make their lives better, because they still faced many hard ships even though they were now equal to whites. African Americans greatly shaped the outcome and consequences of the Civil War. They were the cause of it, they played a key role in the battles, and they effected the political make up regarding African Americans, of not only the South, but the whole country. If the African Americans had not played a role in the war, the north may have still won because of their size, but the odds are that there would still be slavery and or segregation in the United States
It gives us the right to equal protection, with having being born in the U.S. This was an important moment for the freed slaves in 1866, now it is important for the immigrants that move here so their children can have better lives and opportunities. Many people in the U.S. felt the 14th amendment was needed very badly, even though the 13th amendment freed slaves there was still segregation and African Americans being treated unfairly. So there was now a need to enforce a rule of equal protection for everyone. To summarize, the 14th amendment is very significant to America and grants equal protection and no one can deny us life, liberty or
Jackson forced the five remaining Indian tribes of the East of the Mississippi river, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, Seminole and Choctaw, to the West enabling Indian lands to be sold to settlers and pave the way to the West to settle the land, although he was not exactly in approval of the Western Expansion. The Indians were powerless against this stronger and more powerful version of Andrew Jackson that the Cherokee had fought with in 1788. In a final effort after pleas to Congress with petitions for protection from unfair laws, mainly in Georgia, the Indian Nation cleverly took their case to the Supreme Court of the United States. Although they won their case, the Indian Nation believing that Chief Justice John’s ruling would be observed, was still forced out of their lands. Andrew Jackson’s simply did not acknowledge the court’s decision and proceeded on removing the Indians even at gunpoint.
Through this slaves were counted as three-fifths of the population for both the representation in the House of Representatives and taxation as well. Every five slaves equaled three people counted for population and taxation. The north was pleased because the slave states were being taxed for their large population and the south states were
The three-fifths clause was the most important constitutional compromise because it granted the Southern states more political authority, which the Southerners then used to maintain slavery as an institution in the upcoming decades. The three-fifths clause made it so that three-fifths of a state’s slave population would be used in order to decide how many electoral votes and how many representatives a state could have. It was a compromise between the South (which relied on slaves for its economy) and the North (which had fewer slaves) for the sake of political unity. This clause guaranteed Southern states more political power than Northern States through votes or representation, so that laws would pass that allowed slavery to continue and flourish.
The compromise said that each slave would count as three-fifths of a person for representational purposes. Though they circumvented the word slave and said a free person would count as one and “none free persons” would count as three-fifths. In The Half Has Never Been Told, by Edward E. Baptist, the author argues that, “by the 1810s, thanks to the Constitution’s bargains, seventeen southern congressmen represented three-fifths of the slave population. This increment allowed southern politicians to dominate the Republican faction, and thus—with the loyalty of northern Republicans—the entire government.” (Baptist 153)
This became known as the 3/5 rule, which would allow southern states to increase representatives within congress. The more slaves that were held within the south; the more representation the southern states would get within congress. This method wasn’t to stop slavery, but to maintain slavery.
The 3/5ths compromise The smaller states wanted more representation in the house but the north argued that if blacks weren 't allowed to vote and didn 't have rights they shouldn 't be counted towards house seats. The compromise stated that every slave counted as 3/5ths of a person towards house