The topic i chose to write about is the Heroin Epidemic in Philadelphia. The history of Heroin and how it started. In the early 1800’s the drug morphine was introduced as a painkiller. It wasn 't until the 1850’s that the drug was available in the United States. During the civil war was when the “addictive properties went unnoticed”.
Spirits are distilled beer and wine with some other additives in different mixes. Spirits, just like beer, were used as medicine. Spirits were also used as the first form of payment for African slaves and led to the massive slave trade. Also, spirits were used as currency and wages in rural America. The Americans would give whiskey to Indians during trades, so they could manipulate them.
What is Krokodil? Desomorphine, most commonly known as “Krokodil” or “moonshine heroin”, originated in the United States in 1932 as a pain reliever for patients who just had surgery. In 1936, the United States labeled desomorphine a Schedule 1 controlled substance because of its extremely addictive qualities. Desomorphine is more affective at relieving pain than morphine and is also known to have a more intense high than heroin. This dangerous drug has resurfaced and is now being made in homes using store bought ingredients making Krokodil a very deadly drug.
Furthermore, several acts were enacted to regulate the use of specific drugs as well as the federal prohibition of alcohol. But in 1933, Prohibition ended, making it legal to consume alcohol again. In the 1970’s, drugs were categorized based on their “potential for abuse” (Levinthal, 2016). Unfortunately, many of the illicit drugs are manufactured outside of the United States.
I found that there were facts that seemed unbelievable. For example the fact that cocaine was widely used in medications for adults and children. The last question was easy considering my parents told me the story about how coke-cola was made. The ingredient of cocaine was used to give the consumer pleasure and an added addiction to sell more products. 2.
Over decades there has been many different case studies on drug addiction. Drugs like opioids have the same high and side effects as a poppy plant. Opioids is a pain reliever and they cost a lot more than drugs. Opioids is like hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine and codeine. The president thinks the drug addiction and alcohol abuse is an epidemic because there
The heroin-fueled rush we referred to above is due to morphine molecules that trick the brain’s endorphin-receptors. Heroin quickly becomes addictive because humans are pleasure-seeking organisms (hence why our body rewards us by releasing endorphins when we partake in behaviors such as exercise that aid our survival). Heroin provides its users with instant gratification. Similarly, DFS provides its users with instant gratification. The rise of the DFS format is significant because winners and losers are made daily.
1900’s and it was directed by black men. The Chinese immigrants directed the anti-opium laws in the 1870’s, while Mexican immigrants and Mexican Americans directed the anti-marijuana laws in the 1910’s and 20’s. Drugs started getting evaluated for medical safety and efficacy in the 1960’s, due to the fact that drugs were becoming the symbols of youthful rebellion and even political dissent (Muriskin & Roberts, 2009 P.110). The war in drugs got declared by President Nixon, in June 1971.
The United States has been dealing with what people call “The war on drugs” for over three decades. Over the years, drug experimentation has become very popular amongst young, middle class Americans. At first, Marijuana was a very common drug to use but as time went on hardcore drug experimentation became the new “thing”. Although the government did crackdown on major drug dealers, they paid little to no attention to the issue. It wasn 't until Nixon called on The War On Drugs.
This drug was given to every soldier wounded during the battle because of its long, quick, and strong painkilling properties. It was later discovered that around 400,000 verterans suffered from “Soldiers Disease,” addicition and side effects to morphine following the Civil War4. The drug, diacetylmorphine (Heroin), was discovered and brought to market in 1898 with intent to be an alternative to Morphine with more tolerable side effects. The compound has two acetyl groups vs the two hydroxyl groups characteristic to Morphine, thus making the compound more lipophilic, which makes it able to penetrate the blood brain barrier quicker and cause a much more potent effect and leading to a strong euphoria, which then leads to addiction5. Heroin was withdrawn from the market and deemed illegal shortly after its release due to related deaths and highly addictive
The criminalization of Prostitution has not decreased or stopped its prevalence in the U.S; in fact, all it has done is added more risk factors to the profession. Humans have exchanged money and goods for sex, for thousands of years. In fact, prostitution is one of the worlds oldest professions. Prostitution is even depicted in texts as early as the bible. Exchanging money for sex was never frowned upon until recently, when in the early 20th century, U.S Health Officials blamed them for transmitting diseases.
Cocaine first appeared in American society in the 1880 's as a surgical anesthetic, and soon became a common household drug, as well as an ingredient in Coca-Cola and in several types of wines. Snorting cocaine was slowly becoming popular in the early 1900 's until the drug was banned in 1914 as a result of the Harrison Act. Abuse began rising again in the 1960 's, causing Congress to classify it as a Schedule II drug in 1970. Later, in the mid-1980 's, crack cocaine, which is derived from powder cocaine, became an enormously popular drug of abuse. Today, synthetic forms of cocaine such as Novocain are still used as local anesthetics for surgical purposes; however, medical use has become more sporadic with the introduction of safer and more improved pharmaceuticals.
Doping scandals have been around the sports industry for quite a while now. During the ancient Greek Olympic Games athletes would take special potions and drinks to help them achieve greater heights (Aschwanden). This is just one form of doping that dates back in time. Others forms, according to an article Christie Aschwanden wrote for Color Photographs, during the 1904 Olympic Games, athletes, "downed potent mixtures of cocaine, heroin and strychnine" (Aschwanden). The use of these illegal drugs would be considered cheating in today 's society, but Aschwanden states that for most of the Olympic Games this was not considered a form of cheating.