Throughout the period of 1492 to 1820s, Europe and the rest of the world experienced a big dramatic change after the European exploration to the Pacific with locating the New World. As a result of their travels and connections to the New World, Europe along with rest of the world changed economically and religiously, but this help them build a better civilization by the mid-19th century. These changes included the increase of international trade routes which were influenced by the Catholic Church. After locating the New World, it immediately became world power and Europe decided to take over the land. Europeans were very dependent on the indigenous people in several ways, such as food and allies in war.
The development and advancement of new technologies had encouraged exploration because of the desire to demonstrate and test the new technologies such as the compass and gunpowder. The use of gunpowder had consequently improved the desire to trade as well. The improvement of technologies such as shipbuilding and mapmaking had provided the ability, once not available, to colonized and explore the seas. b. Religion had become increasingly important by the turn of the 16th century because of the desire and race to expand the religion.
The Enlightenment was the period for cultivation of science and human reason. Scientific discoveries were made and contributed to the growth of the people in Europe and America. The Enlightenment was a growth period in Europe and America, as people were told to rely on their own intellect instead of always looking to God for answers. Unfortunately, because of their existing class structure, religious positions, and authoritative rule, these new ideas in Europe could only be debated.
The middle classes protested against the dominance of the old church because it was largely controlled by the upper classes and administered largely for their benefit. They looked down upon the artisans, merchants, lawyers, doctors etc. who constituted the middle class and were not willing to associate with them. The rise of nation-states and new monarchy who were keen to establish their absolute rule also greatly contributed to the Reformation. People began to assert themselves against blind faith and useless religious rituals and began to feel that they could reach God without the intermediary of a priest.
In the decades following the Civil War as the United States was changing from a primarily agricultural to an industrialized nation the American intellectual landscapes was changing in equally important ways. New ideas in the worlds of literature, science and philosophy were having great impact on intellectual and artistic endeavors and theses ideas were not just influencing the social elites but also America’s growing mass of ordinary, literate citizens. This influence would set in motion a change in mass direction for the United States. There are many important events that occurred during the Gilded Age. This age was birthed at a time following the Civil War, around the Reconstruction Era and it would continue to rise until its last breath
The German Peasants' war breaks out. Luther wrote several letters rejecting the revolt. In a series of deeply religious ferment there was a continuous struggle for the supremacy of earthly political power between popes and secular powers. ”From the very beginning, the late of Luter’s movement was closely tied to political affair.” In conclusion, in the beginning there was Luther insisted that secular authority had to use force against the Pope, but also argued vehemently that was not to be any reason to resist secular rulers Luter’s ideas were necessarily to break all the idea from the Catolic church. Luther was not a political thinker but a theologian who wanted to politicize religion, and it is from this perspective that His thesis becomes the main foundation of the Lutheran theology and the basis for all his thinking, including the social and the political.” […]Lutheraism had become well established and the Lutherans princess were well organized.
Different factors had a part to play in starting or even propelling ‘the Age of Enlightenment’, including the rule of the Church and State which experienced a power struggle among them, in addition to the Western discovery of latest societies with noticeably exclusive cultural traditions and norms. Many intellectuals felt unhappy with the fixed social styles amongst their very own collectives, and angry at their governments' refusal to provide non-public rights. The lasting political effect of the Enlightenment can't be overstated. At the least three fundamental political revolutions came about throughout this time period in Britain, America, and France. Those revolutions manifested thoughts centring on
During the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation challenged the beliefs and trusts of the Catholic Church. Between the years of 1517 to 1648, the Protestant Reformation began a time of testing the ideologies of the Church; this resulted in extreme political, religious and social shifts in the Church of England. Protestant reformers began to object the language that the Bible was written in and therefore translated it into various other languages, most notably in English. These religious shifts in Europe initiated changes to the ideology and beliefs of Popes, Bishops, and Priests. This was further fuelled by the influence of the Kings, and the power they held over his people especially King Henry.
The PR was a religious movement that was initially aimed at reforming the Catholic Church but later tried to end its practices. In this way, the Protestant Reformation played a major role as a cause in the formation of the CR. EXPLAIN PICS Slide 2(GO QUICK) Because of this reason, the CR was created mainly for religious reasons. The CR was intended to fight back against the PR. In order to do so, the Council of Trent, who acted as the center of the CR by meeting on and off throughout the years, also had to reform the Church itself in order to stop the corruption that had allowed the PR to be created in the 1st place.
Before the rebirth process began, the Italians had the desire to rebuild some of their greatest being thus the creation of the Renaissance process. As a result of the process, Italy had several achievements regarding science, literature, philosophy, music and arts. As a result, Italy was recognized as the leader of Europe as a result of the major changes they managed to bring in their country (Marvin et al., 34). Therefore, the main aim of this assignment will be to discuss the various effects that the Italian Renaissance had in France as well as the transformation of the ideas. Italian Renaissance ideas The main idea of the Italian Renaissance was built upon restoring the ways of the country to their level best.
Many were inspired by him to create work of the new genre and be just like him. Some scholars look at the Renaissance as a unique period of history and not just a rebirth after the darkness of the Middle Ages (“Renaissance: Influence and Interpretations.”). In the 1500s, the Protestant Reformation influenced the perspective of people 's thoughts about the Renaissance. The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era. Scholars had different perspectives on what the Renaissance was and what it wasn’t.
He had done this to prove that the Catholic Church was Corrupt. As a result some of his followers broke off from the Catholic Church and started the Lutheran Church. This new church helped revive the Christian religion and faith. An accomplishment with a long-term effect would be that because of Martin Luther’s actions, the Christian religion was fixed and the Lutheran religion was created. Basically, Martin Luther made the Bible available to the people and he influenced religious thought throughout
This rebirth, this period of flowering creativity and thinking led to great changes and improvements as individuals focused on the “here and now” rather than religious affairs. Manchester’s account of the medieval mind during this pivotal point in history describes the many essential traits that culminated into the rebirth of European
Likewise, King Henry VIII triggered the new branch from lutheranism called anglican, and the church called The Anglican Church which still lives to this day. He also paved way to a new reformed branch called the puritans, which were concerned of purifying the english church of any catholic influence left. This also resulted in many succession issues as the successors to the throne were catholic and protestants. Also many wars between the branches sprung from there. Whilst they had different initial reasons and they had carried out different actions in order to reform Christianity, they had come to create different branches and set into action the forever going changes in that
The English reformation started because Henry wanted to divorce his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon, but back in centry it was not a simple issue, or decision to make, in fact it was extremely complex. The Roman Catholic Church believed that marriage was for life. They did not recognise, let alone support, divorce. Henry