Entomotoxicology Case Study

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Q1. Entomotoxicology is the use of insects on decomposing corpses to determine and quantify the drugs which had been consumed by the individual prior to their demise. According to Campobasso (2004), as the maggots feed on the corpse, they consume the drugs available in the body, which can affect their growth or complicate their life cycle. He describes how maggots from different corpses which had been proved to have different amounts of drugs such as morphine varied in their development cycle and general characteristics (Campobasso, 2004). This claim was further supported by De Carvalho (2012) in which the study had shown that the presence of morphine in the maggot body would cause the acceleration of its development. However, these concentrations might vary among various insects through their life cycles due to genetic differences in processing of various drugs. This essay seeks to address the concern over whether arthropods can be used to quantify the number of drugs in corpses when an insufficient amount of human tissue is available for better toxicological analysis.
Insects are sensitive to substances which are present
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First, they can be infected with disease agents such as bacteria or viruses which will be transmitted to the human targets (Pate and Cameron, 2003). Secondly, the arthropods can be used to attack crops and livestock so as to cause crop destruction which leads to severe economic loss and starvation etc. For example, insects such as Eastern Lubber grasshoppers could either directly feed on the cultivated crops or cause an infection to the crops (vectors). Thirdly, the stinging insects such as bees and wasps etc. could be used to directly torment the targeted population. They could attack the local people to cause pain and distress, which is equally threatening just as disease conditions, hence it should be prevented in order to preserve family bonds (Pate and Cameron,

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