Theories, Key Concepts, Principles, and Assumptions Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development. Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development.
PART A (Modern Lifestyles) If parents are concerned about the quality of their relationships with their children, they need to consider two things. First, whether the child wants to tell you their feelings, and second, whether the child would like to share with parents. Said conscience is an important indicator of the quality of communication. Children usually not much to talk about their feelings and therefore, when they tell someone about their feelings, it signifies confidence. To tell someone about your secret, especially what you like and dislike and feelings of shame need to have courage.
The development of trust that an infant engages in sets the positive or negative expectation they have on the world (Karkouti, 2014). If the parents of the child meet the child’s essential needs, the child develops trust. Hence, if those needs aren 't met, the child develops mistrust. The basic strength of this stage is hope. The feeling of confidence coincides with the belief of desires will be satisfied.
According to Erickson (1950) psychological development results from the interaction between maturational processes or biological needs and the societal demands and social forces encountered in everyday life. (Salkind, 2004) As you know Erickson’s theories contains eight stages and in order to move onto the next stage you must have resolved any conflict that may have occurred. Erickson’s theory emphasises on the importance of the ego. The ego is the executor of realistic goal seeking actions between biological urgers of the id and the social constraints of the superego. (Salkind, 2004) Erickson believes that social pressures and environmental forces have even greater impacts.
Is It Okay To Give Pacifier To The Baby? As a new parent, you often worry about your little one’s comfort & wellbeing and you might find a pacifier very helpful. While some babies are comforted with rocking, cuddling and sucking during the feeds, others just can’t seem to get enough of it. If your newborn still fusses after you’ve fed, burped, rocked and cuddled him, then a pacifier can come to your rescue. It’s easy to use and provides instant comfort to your baby, but that’s just one part of the story.
Some other aspects in how you can help your toddler; Help them understand healthy and non-harmful ways to express feelings, specially negative ones such as anger. For example, it is not ok to hit when your angry, rather to express feelings by using appropriate words. Try to avoid always directing your toddler. Let them come up with play ideas so that they are not always dependent on you. Support older toddler’s developing skills by empathizing with their frustration, asking if they know what caused the problem and if they have a solution, offering your observation and if they would like to hear your suggestions
Description of Four Attachments Secure attachment involved providing the child with a friendly and safe environment, regulating stable emotions while creating joyful emotions and offer possibility of positive exploration. (psychalive,2018). Ambivalent attachment is when children lack to build emotional attachment connections with the parent/caregiver and are desperate for their attention. They often face confusion, concerns, agitation and worry about receiving comfort or support from parents (psychalive, 2018). When parents grow with a specific attachment style, they will tend to react the same towards the children.
However, it is possible for different types of cries to overlap. For example, newborns may awaken feeling hungry and start crying for food. If you take too long to respond, his crying will probably change to one of rage and frustration! The best method to deal with your baby crying is by responding as quickly as possible to any of his cries during the first few months of his life. Don’t worry, giving him your care and attention at this point will not spoil him.
Kids must be restrained for their wrong activities and be taught the correct route, in which it should be finished. Great guardian 's show adoration and affections to their kids. Reliance need to feel adored by their folks. Love makes a feeling of security, solace, and trust between the youngster and the guardian. A decent parent is a good example to the youngster; a guardian 's ought to depict all the great qualities of a decent individual.
** WAYS TO TEACH YOUR CHILD MANNERS:-** • How your child behaves is a reflection of the way he or she has been brought up. Parents play the main role in inculcating good manners in childrenfollowed by the teachers and others around.Nowadays most parents find it difficult to deal with their kids and are not sure about how to developgood behaviour in them. Here are a few tried andtested ways in which you can make your childbehave properly. • Be tidy and keep your house and surroundings clean. Follow good table manners.