Erikson's Eight Stages Of Lifespan Model Of Development

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Erik Erikson was a stage theorist that emphasized on psychosocial development. His theory is the expansion of the Freud’s psychosexual theory. Erikson claimed that the development of the personality is based on the eight stages of lifespan model of development which he proposed. The eight stages of the lifespan model of development consist of “Trust vs Mistrust”, “Autonomy vs Shame”, “Initiative vs Guilt”, “Industry vs Inferiority”, “Identity vs Role Confusion”, “Intimacy vs Isolation”, Generativity vs Stagnation” and “Ego Integrity vs Despair”. The first stage of our lifespan is “Trust vs Mistrust” stage. Newborn infant will undergo this stage. In this stage, infant will learn trust towards an adult when the infant feel secure and comfortable with them. This can be developed if the parent taking good cares of them by fulfilled their basic requirement for survival such as hunger. Infant who gets fed when he is hungry and comforted when he needs comforting will develop trust but some mistrust is necessary to learn to discriminate between honest and dishonest (Sharkey, 1997). Parents that are not responsible and inconsiderate will resulting in their baby to beget the feeling of fear, mistrust and heightened insecurities. At the age of 1 to 3 years, the child will go through the “Autonomy vs Shame” stage. In this stage, children will develop their physical ability and different skill such as crawling, walking and playing with toys. It is important that the parents

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