Erikson's Eight Stages Of Development

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Erik Erikson was a stage theorist that emphasized on psychosocial development. His theory is the expansion of the Freud’s psychosexual theory. Erikson claimed that the development of the personality is based on the eight stages of lifespan model of development which he proposed. The eight stages of the lifespan model of development consist of “Trust vs Mistrust”, “Autonomy vs Shame”, “Initiative vs Guilt”, “Industry vs Inferiority”, “Identity vs Role Confusion”, “Intimacy vs Isolation”, Generativity vs Stagnation” and “Ego Integrity vs Despair”. The first stage of our lifespan is “Trust vs Mistrust” stage. Newborn infant will undergo this stage. In this stage, infant will learn trust towards an adult when the infant feel secure and comfortable with them. This can be developed if…show more content…
This is the stage that Erikson called “school age”. They will learn to observe how the work can be done and engender the feel of responsibility. Children will confident and industrious if their initiative is reinforced or guilt by their teachers to complete their task or schoolworks. If this initiative is limiting by their parents, they will feel inferior and starting to doubt their own strength and ability. Erikson said that successful experiences give the child a sense of industry, a feeling of competence and mastery, while failure gives them a sense of inadequacy and inferiority, a feeling that one is a good for nothing (Sharkey, 1997). The following stage is the “Identity vs Role Confusion” stage. This is an important stage of our lifespan. Teenager will start to explore their identity and look for their future in different aspect such as career, relationship and values. Some of the teenagers might facing the confusion that they do not know what is their value and responsibility to their surrounding and world which resulting them to go through the period of ‘psychosocial
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