Erikson's Theory Of Moral Development

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Introduction

Developmental theories provide concepts a set of guiding principles and concepts that describe and explain human development. Some developmental theories focus on the formation of a specific quality and other developmental theories focus on growth that happens throughout the lifespan, such as Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development.

Piaget’s theory

The first psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development was Piaget (1936). His theory of cognitive development includes observational studies of cognition in children and a series of simple but creative tests of disclose different cognitive abilities. According to Piaget, children are born naturally with basic mental construction inherited on which all learning
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This developmental theory made us realize that morality starts from the early childhood and can be affected by several factors. The development of morality can be affected positively or negatively. It depends on how individual achieves the tasks before him during each phase of moral development across his lifespan. In this theory he found that children are faced with different moral issues.
Erik Erikson’s theory
One of the best theory of personality in psychology was Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory. He describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan. Erikson’s psychological stage of one of the main element is development of ego identity. It the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction. According to Erikson, our ego identity is continuously changing due to daily interaction with more information and new experience from others. When we face new stage of development, we can help further development from new challenges or encumber the development of identity. Each person experiences eight psychosocial crises which help to recognize his or her temperament and development. People experience these crisis stages in a fixed sequence, but timings vary according to
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For example: have discuss social issues in groups and brainstorm. Ask the students to write a short story on a hypothetical topic like, life on earth without water. This allows the child to apply their new creative aspect. And they should also encourage to explain how they solve the problem.

Specially giving chance to work in pairs, will improve their development. Select one is the listener, while other is the problem solver. The listener should check to see all the steps are followed, while the problem solver works the problem out louder. The teachers should try to teach the students broad concepts, rather than just facts and use the materials and relevant ideas to the students. Teacher are the gateways for the students to enter and achieve the successful life.

Conclusion
While to conclude the assignment I want to say that the framework of a theory allows us to organize a large display of facts so that we can understand them. Theories about human development provide information or serve as a guide to acting on the world in a rational way, and they can inspire or stimulate further inquiry or research about behaviours. This refers to an educational with environments, curriculum, materials and instruction that are consistency with student's physical and cognitive abilities as well as their social and emotional
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