Essay On Artificial Reproduction

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Artificial reproduction is the process in which new life is created in an unnatural way or in a synthetic environment. Artificial reproduction includes the process of fertility in an uncommon way. The process of synthetic fertility uses Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) to artificially create an organism. ART is a type of reproductive technology used in treatment in which the removal of eggs or sperm are manipulated to create a distinct being outside the body. There are several artificial reproduction/fertility methods that use ART such as: artificial insemination, test-tube fertilization, and surrogate motherhood.
Artificial insemination is the method in which sperm from a male partner or a third-party donor is medically injected into
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The method of surrogacy includes the process of taking the egg and sperm from another individual and medically placing it into another individual. Using this method is very rare, it is estimated that about two-thousand children are born from the method of surrogacy per year. There are two types of surrogacy: Traditional and Gestational Surrogacy. Traditional surrogacy is the regular method of surrogacy, however instead of placing a new egg inside the surrogate, the surrogate mother is the biological mother of the child. The second type of surrogacy is gestational surrogacy. Gestational surrogacy uses in-vitro fertilization by taking the egg of the biological mother and the sperm of the biological father and placing the embryo into the uterus of another individual. Surrogacy is performed for many reasons including: same-sex marriage, damaged uterus, age, history of miscarriages and other medical conditions. Although surrogacy is the safest option for most people, it raises many legal issues. Legal issues include the following: legal parents, refusal of custody from surrogate to biological parents and surrogacy contracts. Although surrogacy is efficient and effective, it is not a reliable

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