Its diversity is unmatched due to the presence of 16 different agro climatic zones, 10 vegetative zones and 15 biotic provinces. The country has about 18,000 species of angiosperms, 23,000 fungi, 2500 algae, 1800 bryophytes and 30 million micro-organisms (Kamboj, 2000). In India, drugs of herbal origin have been used in traditional systems of medicines such as Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Folk (tribal) medicines since ancient times. Among these systems, Ayurveda is the most practiced and widely accepted alternative system of medicine in India. Ayurveda, dating back to 1500-800 BC has been an integral part of Indian culture.
Herb-Drug Interactions: The use of herbs as a complementary and alternative medicine has increased steadily over the last decade. The WHO (2002) report stated that more than 80% of the world market depending on herbal medicinal products. In Asian countries, approximately 80% population use herbal medicine for promoting health conditions and healing several diseases (Young et al., 2011). In India and China, traditionally herbs are widely used in Ayurveda and Traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) systems, respectively. Ayurveda (Ayur, life; Veda, science or knowledge) is an ancient medical science of India.
The country has a rich floral diversity. Traditional medicine is the synthesis for therapeutic experience of generations for practicing physicians on indigenous systems of medicine. Traditional preparation comprises medicinal plants, minerals and organic matters etc. In India around 20,000 medicinal plant species have been recorded recently but more than 500 traditional communities use about 800 plant species for curing different
It is a part of spiritual tradition of the Santana dharma (universal religion) or Vedic dharma of India. Ayurveda focus on healthy living than treatment of diseases. The initial concept of Ayurveda was put up in writing for future reference was by vedavyasa, the famous sage and shaktavesha avatar of Vishnu. There are 8 disciplines of Ayurveda treatment called ashtangas; 1. Kaya chikitsa (internal medicine) 2.
Graphical representation of Soil classification according to Bhumi nirupana The first class “Jangalam” represents the presence of less water and less vegetation. The second class “Anupam” represents the land which is fertile in nature and found rich in vegetation and towering thick trees surrounded such places (Ramacharan, 1984). The third class is “Sadharana” which is neither more fertile nor infertile the word Sadharana means ordinary in Hindi. The second chapter “Bijoptivithi” illustrated about the process of seed germination and explains about grading and preservation of seeds. The methods described for seed preservation is to mix the seeds with ashes and it was also suggested that the seeds should be exposed to the medicated smoke which can serve as an antimicrobial agent.
Ashwagandha root is one of the top most highly valued among the Ayurveda herbal in the world. The roots of this plant are most common part used for herbal supplementation. The long slender roots are harvested and after 4 growing cycles. It is sold as whole slender dried roots or in pieces. However, it is available universally in the form of powder, capsulated
Assam has more than 765 (approx.) tea gardens with several other small gardens spread all across the state. Dibrugarh district alone has 144 (approx) tea gardens. Initially, laborers were hired on a seasonal basis. However, as soon as the tea industry started taking the shape of an organized industry, these laborers too started settling with their families in the gardens, and thus became a crucial and permanent factor to the tea garden framework.
**************** A Brief History of Thai Buddhist Meditation Practice Meditation plays an important role in Buddhism (Buddhasasana) by the name of right mediation (sammasamadhi) being the second category of the Eight-Fold Path (Atthanghigamagga) consisted of three categories i.e., Personal Discipline (Silasikkha), Mental Perfection (Cittasikkha), and Wisdom (Panyasikkha), to obtain the ultimate goal Nibbhana of Buddhism. In Buddhist tradition, there are 2 forms of mediation i.e., tranquility meditation (samathakammathanna) and insight meditation (vipassanakammathanna). Tranquility meditation will yield the calmness and concentration of mind, while insight meditation will yield cessation of human suffering. Tranquility meditation is a very
Ayurveda is one of the oldest sciences in medicines and are basically herbal while Western medicines grow up along with age and technology to treat mankind. Moreover, the approach in Ayurveda is extensive, while in Western medicine, it is largely materialistic. Both Ayurveda and Western medicines help to prevent diseases, but an appropriate choice depends on preparation, effectiveness and the life span of the medicines. Many studies about medicines have proved that the quality of the medicines radically depends upon its preparations. Ayurvedic medicines are adapted from available plants and herbs which makes them fresh and
in medicinal plants were reviewed by Lovkova et al., (2001). Henceforth, because of such an eminent significance several medicinally important plants are grown in domestic gardens, few are cultivated as crops, through single cropping or intercropping technique and hardly in the form of plantation crops (Padua et al., 1999). Countries like India exhibit approximately several herbal industries and a plenty of unregistered herbal industries that rely on constant supply of therapeutic plants for synthesis of herbal plants origin formulations prepared on the basis of Indian Systems of Medicine. Apart from industries, significant amount of therapeutic herb resources are also utilized in conventional health care practices at the domestic level by healers and practitioners (Maiti,