Research draft paper Amid American communities all over the country there is a hidden population of individuals who are particularly susceptible to the damaging effects of the inaccessibility of quality health care. An estimated 11 million people, Latino individuals and families who have entered the United States without documentation, live their lives under an inordinate amount of stress and fear (Sorrell). Undocumented Latino immigrants in the US are especially vulnerable when it comes to their health due to the various barriers and disparities they encounter such as a complicated healthcare system, inaccessible care, language barriers, cultural differences, perceptions of discrimination, and fear of deportation. The most difficult barriers …show more content…
One surprising health disparity amongst Latino immigrants involves integration into the American way of life. Upon arrival, most Latino immigrants are healthier than their American counterparts, a phenomenon termed the “Latino Paradox” by researchers at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health (Gordon). They noticed that when immigrants integrate into the US culture, their health starts to decline. This decline continues the longer they stay in the US. Part of this decline in health is thought to be caused by the addition of highly-processed foods to their diet that are cheap and more readily available than fresh, healthy foods. Their altered diet coupled with less physical activity leads to increased obesity rates, especially among children, and higher incidences of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer (Gordon,2014). A decrease in overall health quality coupled with the aforementioned barriers preventing access to quality healthcare means that undocumented immigrants with declining health go without primary care and may ultimately present to “Safety Net” or charity care facilities in much more acute
In order to receive medical opinion, individuals from Mexican origin must first agree to visiting a physician; and this is often just as problematic. B. Depression oversight, counseling and treatment can turn out to be expensive, it is not uncommon for individuals without insurance to avoid primary care. i. Payment options can discourage many amongst Hispanic culture in dealing with their depression, this is due to a large amount of them having no access to healthcare; either because of poverty level, residence, or immigration status. 1.
Most Latin American (Latino) immigrants to the United States participate in the dominant health care system. [...] Oftentimes, while utilizing this health care system, they continue to use their own culturally appropriate health care practices [...] In curanderismo, santería, and espiritismo, the practitioners assess the patient and, depending on diagnosis, prepares a healing remedy or a variety of healing remedies. A remedy is any combination of medicinal herbs, religious amulets, and/or other products used for the prevention, treatment, or palliation of folk and somatic illnesses. It is usually administered by the practitioner and may involve several sessions.
The idea of scientific authority has played an impactful role throughout industrialized society. As the production of knowledge through scientific research is constantly developing, new discoveries have a major influence in policies and practices that influence both social and scientific structures. In a seminar held by Dr. Hayes Bautista, a professor for Chicano Studies Community Medicine 106, he discussed health within the Latino population and his research on The Latino Epidemiological Paradox in terms of science, theory, and data. His research not only questions scientific research and health models, but pose questions that challenge systems surrounding healthcare.
In chapter thirteen, Hispanic/Latino health issues, Thomas A. LaVeist examine the health status of the Hispanic/Latino population. The Hispanic and Latino group is the largest nonwhite racial and ethnic group in the U.S. The Hispanics and Latinos have overall good health but can have some trouble when it comes to accessing good quality health care. A lot of Hispanics and Latinos are uninsured. With being uninsured, it’s hard to get the proper health care that is needed.
Hispanics, initial drawbacks frequently come from their parents ' immigrant and economic position and their sparse knowledge regarding the United States education system. While Hispanic students navigate through the school system, insufficient resources in schools and their awkward rapport with teachers continues to weaken their academic achievement. Initial drawbacks continue to mount up, causing the Hispanic population in having the least high school and college degree accomplishment, which is counterproductive of having a possibility for stable employment. According to Portman & Awe (2009) school counselors and comprehensive school counseling programs are anticipated to play a dynamic role in addressing the discrepancy between diverse
In my opinion, in order to understand how socioeconomic status of Hispanics affects the quality of health care, more research still needs to be conducted. This research should be a collaboration between Hispanic communities and researchers, which would build trust and potentially increase sample sizes. Future studies should also take into consideration the cultural variety of Hispanic population. For example, current federal standards require federal agencies use Hispanic or Latino term. Hispanics are identified by Spanish surname, Spanish origin, Spanish language and birthplace in a Latin American country.
For example, although cervical cancer is preventable when detected at an early stage, it has had a tremendous impact on the Latino community. With a population of fifty-two million, Latinos are known as the fastest and leading minority group in the U.S. (Monroy, 2017). Cervical Cancer not only accounts for the second highest death rate among Latinos, but Latinos are twice more likely to die from cervical cancer than white Non-Hispanic women (Monroy, 2017). Several Social Determinants of Health have been linked to cause this tremendous disparity. Latina women tend to have limited access to updated health care information, limited to no health care coverage, and low socioeconomic status that all ultimately affects their access to appropriate screening and preventative services (Monroy, 2017).
Health Care in the US is arguably available to all who seek it but not everybody has had the same experience and treatment when walking through the doors of a healthcare facility. In many cases, people are discriminated against due to their gender, race/ethnicity, age, and income and are often provided with minimal service. Differences between groups in health coverage, access to care, and quality of care is majorly affected through these disparities. Income is a major factor and can cause groups of people to experience higher burden of illness, injury, disability, or mortality relative to another group.
Raul says that in his community he thinks there are good programs in his area of Eagletown, Texas which is says has a more Hispanic and Mexican community. While Francis says she doesn’t really see anything, but she also states she has different life setting, while Raul lives with his mom and sister. They both do have the same views that in their culture and in the United States that one can get help with their health easily, but only if they know how. In the American Heart Association site, they said that many people “face hurdles to making those changes and accessing health care [from] language barriers, lack of transportation and lack of heath insurance” (heart.org, 2015) when came to changing one’s lifestyle or staying healthy. Both Raul and Francis had different views, even though they came from the same culture, but both had the common view that some people are arrogant or don’t know how to get access to health and understand it fully.
46.8 million Americans were reported as uninsured in 2013, which equivocates to one sixth of the population. Those without insurance have revealed that they risk “more problems getting care, are diagnosed at later disease stages, and get less therapeutic care” (National Health Care Disparities Report) and those insured risk losing their insurance. Inadequately covered citizens are often working-class individuals who simply cannot receive insurance due to uncontrollable inconveniences and therefore jeopardize having medical coverage. In these instances, Americans have a chance of being diagnosed with diseases that they had no opportunity to prevent or could not diagnose them at an early stage of the illness. Patients have suffered unnecessarily due to lack of health care, and “18,000 Americans die every year because they don't have health insurance” (PNHP).
According to the CDC Hispanics of Mexican origin make up approximately 17 percent of the population in the United States. They are the one of the largest cultural populations in U.S. has risen dramatically over last four decades. There are a variety of reason that lead to health disparities for the Hispanic community these reasons then lead to the individuals not obtaining healthcare. First, it was reported by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2012 that 29.1 percent of the Hispanic do not have health insurance. This usually prevents the majority of Hispanic people from receiving health care.