Lead by Senator Joe McCarthy, this modern witch hunt for communism ruined lives and spread lies, with the initial victims being the disliked, the outsiders. One of the first of those blacklisted was Owen Lattimore. He was outspoken about his unpopular liberal views and so it was easy for McCarthy to shift blame and suspicion towards him (Victims of McCarthyism). McCarthy played off the existing fear of communism left behind by World War II to gain support for his lagging political career by fighting a problem that did not really exist. As in The Crucible, people easily accepted that Lattimore and others like him were to blame, in this case for being communist.
“Now look you… I will come to you in the black of some terrible night… bring a reckoning that will shudder you… I can make you wish you had never seen the sun go down”. In order to save herself she did extreme things; she made people fear of her, that way people would obey. In act II, she accused Elizabeth Proctor of witchery; she said that Elizabeth used poppets to damage her. Abagail Williams had a horrible obsession with John Proctor; she invented false testimonies in order to keep away Elizabeth form John. The fact is that because her name was pure in Salem, almost everybody trusted her.
Therefore, Arthur Miller’s arguably most famous work, The Crucible, was influenced by the paranoia of communism in the 50s and his personal relationships. Those who’ve read or seen The Crucible would make the obvious assumption that the play is based on the Salem witch trials. In 1692, the Puritans in Salem Massachusetts were terrified when accusations of witchcraft began to be thrown around. Women would confess and then accuse someone else. Eventually, a total of twenty innocent people were found guilty and hanged (Popkin 140).
Can the fear of people control the way certain things and events are looked at? In 1950 a nationwide historical campaign called McCarthyism took place. The campaign was against alleged communist in the U.S government and other institutions and accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence which was carried out by Joseph McCarthy. The primary targets were usually union activist, government employees, educators, and entertainment industry. Many people people lost their trust in others, causing a new outlook on life while relationships were destroyed.
The play “The Crucible” is about the Salem witch trials which happened around in the early 1600’s, basically people are falsely being accused and killed because lawyers and people think that they had something to do with the devil. The red scare happened in 1919, it’s a “hysteria over the perceived threat posed by communists in the United states became known as red scare,” (History.com Staff). Then, McCarthyism started, it’s basically “accusations heightens the political tension of the times,” (Arthur Miller). The United States are basically infiltrating people because they think that they had something to do with communism, many writers and actors are a
In document C its shows the examination of Bridget Bishop recorded by Samuel Adams. The thing that makes this case significant is that Samuel Adams nine-year-old daughter Betty had accused someone of witchcraft. This meant that if Samuel Adams did not prove that Bridget was a witch, her daughter was lying and was going to be known as a liar for the rest of her life and it would have looked bad on Samuel Adams family. So he was determined to prove her guilty and get her killed for something she didn 't do just to save his family from embarrassment and judgment. In document D it also shows a paragraph written by a historian in the 19th century.
This quote helps explain how they assume everything is associated with the devil and everything is an attack against the court. This quote is a different one,“Abigail were stabbed tonight; a needle were found stuck into her belly.” This really did happen but they still exaggerated it. They were accusing everybody in town and finally they found out it was Proctor that did it. This quote is a bigger part of the story and it really was a turning point for the play. Miller’s quote is another example of exaggeration because it shows how much people were
Over 150 men and women were accused and arrested for witchcraft and some were executed.10 The turning point for the Salem Witch Trials was the mass execution that took place on Sept. 22, 1962.11 (pg81-113) The Puritans, the court and even the Reverend were realizing that they made a mistake. After almost a year of terror, the trials were over. Over twenty innocent lives were lost. Those who were not the same as everyone else were given the title of a witch. Instead of being accepted as individuals, they were ousted, persecuted, and some executed.
I strongly agree with Robert’s claim. McCarthyism resulted in Americans turning against each other because of politicians greed for power, paranoia, and the fear of communist infiltration. Clearly, Senator McCarthy’s greed for political power led to American citizens’ unrest. In Arthur Miller’s “The Crucible”, John Proctor dealt with the corruption of power in his town when Abigail Williams and many other girls accused those, who were innocent, of witchcraft. Similarly, americans were being blacklisted by McCarthy because they believed these people may have
Some 24 people had died for their supposed involvement during the Salem Witch Trials. Dozen of people had been accused and imprisoned. Such accusations struck terror in the hearts of the townspeople of Salem Village, Massachusetts,in 1692. This source explains how the witch trials was treated