But one group lacked this level of intelligence and their lack thereof was their downfall. This is of course referring to the other, uneducated animals on the farm. They are naive and ignorant, making them extremely easy to manipulate by anyone who is cunning and deceptive. A blatant example of this occurring is when Napoleon banished another pig named Snowball. He sent his subordinate Squealer to explain why Napoleon done what he has done to the other animals.
After the windmill is destroyed, Napoleon blames Snowball by saying that he is the traitor who is trying "to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsion” (82). Napoleon’s strong desire to keep power drives him to blame Snowball for the destruction of the windmill to make him look good, so he would not be blamed for all the destructions and injuries that occur within the Farm. This impels the animals to assume that Snowball is the victim and consequently the animals would rely on Napoleon to keep Snowball away for their protection. Squealer swindles the animals saying that the windmill was actually Napoleon’s invention and that his opposition towards it is just a fabrication in order “to get rid of Snowball, who was a dangerous character and a bad influence” (71). Napoleon’s only strategy is to make the animals under the impression that Snowball is the source of all destructions in order to keep his power.
Squealer uses different types strategies that change over time to better understand his target audience, which are the animals. For example the sheep, which are seen to be the most vulnerable and submissive to Squealer and Napoleon. Some of the most effective techniques are to be bandwagon, card stacking, and fear. Since the use of propaganda is sufficient, they promised life on the farm would be pleasurable for everyone, but actually resulted in the pigs empowering the farm. Even though the use of Squealer’s propaganda techniques does not fulfill the goals of the community of the farm, the animals still believe that he his right and agrees to follow his lead.
On page 113 Squealer gives a speech where he says, “they had more oats, more hay, more turnips then they had in Jones’s day”(Orwell). In Russia and Animal Farm, the governments are telling their citizens very similar lies, but it’s the motive behind the lies are most interesting. It can be assumed they lie to their own citizens in order to prevent any rebellion, but it is arguable that the possibilities vary. Regardless of why they are telling their lies, it sends a very clear message that Animal Farm and Russia have something to lie about and their fear of their citizens reactions make them very
The allegory, Animal Farm compares the Russian Revolution in an understanding way to a typical farm life. The main idea in both pieces was to undertake a revolution to see change within freedom, instead it happened to just be the tyrants. In the Russian Revolution the czar was overthrown and only replaced by Stalin who remained a brutal and harsh leader to citizens. In comparison with Animal Farm; the abusive owner Jones, was overthrown by the “mighty” pig Napoleon who became harsh to the other animals and developed similar characteristics to the original leader. George Orwell portrayed his opinion; revolutions fail in that they result only in a change of tyrants.
A historical event that could relate to this is when Stalin starved millions of his citizens when they didn’t want to work. Orwell’s allegory “Animal Farm” reveals how too much power tends to change a person by doing horrible things, which causes conflict between individual rights and societal concerns, through the uses of symbolism of Napoleon. Napoleon, who symbolizes Joseph Stalin, shows that how much power tends to corrupt one by using tactics and taking advantage of others to attain a goal. In the story, Napoleon frames as well as kill his comrades to get to his goal, while creating fear among the animals. Before the trial started, Napoleon persuaded the pigs into admitting on false charge against Snowball.
Animal Farm is mostly a political fable based on political issues presented in real life. This fable concentrates on power that can be used for doing good or bad, but basically it is used for bad. At the beginning of the story power was used to stop the mistreatment the animals on the farm were facing from humans, but then it started going all the way around, things were getting unusually. It all started after the rebellion, an attack planned by the animals on the farm to take control and eliminate the human authority once and for all at Manor Farm and get to make all animals work together as a team, but this situation led to the wrong use of power. Power, corruption did not end with Mr.Jones as it was supposed to, it continued with Snowball, but the most corrupted was Napoleon.
According to psychology, greed derives from inconsistency, neglect, or abuse. The animals in the farm were beaten, starved, and overworked under Jones's ownership, which leads to their hatred and fear for humankind. While it’s not rational or fair to declare Napoleon’s rise to corruption natural, it does mirror the psychology behind wrongful leaders like Hitler, Stalin, and Castro. Like them, Napoleon once found himself powerless and vulnerable, and when given the
George Orwell, in his novel Animal Farm, illustrates the flaws involved in a system where equality amongst all individuals is the basis for governance. Orwell represents society through various animals living on a farm under the control of human farmers. Throughout the novel, the animals revolt against their human owners under the leadership of pigs who state that once they gain control of the farm they shall all be equal. However, as the novel progresses it becomes clear that the pigs have a hidden motive and assert themselves into positions of power, becoming corrupt and eventually resembling the humans which they initially overthrew. The novel serves as a commentary by Orwell about the ‘’too-good-to-be-true’’ nature of socialist governmental policy, primarily focusing on the rise and eventual spoiling of the communist USSR government, which was present at the time the novel was written.
Have you ever lived in a society that promised many promises but always broke them? Have you ever been lied to? Animal Farm shows how the societies and rulers oppress their citizens without the citizens realising that. It also shows how rulers will always change when they are in power and only work for their personal privilege. In Animal Farm, George Orwell argues that Napoleon has solidified his power by using fear mongering, manipulation, and scapegoating.