While reading To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, I found that all the characters fit into different archetypes. Characters whose archetypes stood out the most is Atticus, who is the warrior or protector. Miss Maudie stood out as the earth mother and Bob Ewell is the sadist. Atticus is the warrior or protector. In the book Atticus always did the right thing.
A very similar thing happens in To Kill a Mockingbird, when Bob Ewell accuses Tom Robinson of raping his daughter Mayella, but Atticus proves that it was most likely Bob who did it. Bob Ewell, Mayella’s dad, the person who should be protecting her at all costs. The most common injustice in the novel appears when the kids find the case between Tom Robinson and the Ewell family to be unfair, highly illogical, and racist. When the verdict of guilty is revealed to the town, Jem becomes upset and says, “You just can’t convict a man on evidence like that- you can’t”
Bad Reputation In any community, no matter the size , everybody has a reputation. Reputation reveals what a community thinks of them and how the person acts within the community. In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Lee’s goal is to expose how reputation is created in a community and the negative effects it has on individuals. Lee uses dramatic interactions and experiences with characters who are considered outcasts in the book to exemplify how reputation negatively affect individuals.
His prejudice is clear when he says that “I’ve lived among ‘em all my life. You can’t believe a word they say” when speaking about the boy (16). Juror Ten’s prejudice causes him to disregard all of the facts that are presented to him by Juror Eight that can prove that the accused is not guilty. Juror 10 allows his prejudice to blind him of the truth. That is until he is called out by his fellow jurors.
Near the end of the book, the mockingbird shows up again but this time to represent a certain person. “Underwood simply figured it was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing sitting, or escaping. He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children…” -pg 241. The mockingbird indicates Tom Robinson’s innocence. It’s a sin to kill a mockingbird like it was a sin to kill Tom.
The final way that shows how labels can affect people is negativity. There is so much negativity in this book, like when the book mentioned how the Ewells were not liked. “ The Ewells have been the disgrace of maycomb for three generations.”(Lee 30) This is true and nobody in Maycomb likes the Ewells. The only reason that people were on their side for the trial was because Tom was black and the people were racist that stood against him, They didn 't stand by the Ewells because they liked them.
During the trial of Tom Robinson Jem and Scout see adults being prejudiced for the first time. Not only does this destroy their sense of innocence but it also shows them how the evils of prejudice affect everyone. Seeing many adults whom they look up to sanctioning the execution of an innocent man makes these evils even more clear and spurs change in Jem and Scout. This is made evident when, after the trial, Jem runs up to Atticus acting very maudlin and saying “ It ain’t right Atticus”(284). This shows that he has finally realized how ubiquitous prejudice is and that it is truly grievous.
Harper Lee demonstrates the important theme “Power of words” in her novel To Kill a Mockingbird. Throughout this novel there is no one better than Atticus Finch at using the power of words. Atticus strongly uses his words during the trial to make Bob Ewell look bad. “ Will you write your name and show us?” ( Lee 236)
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white.
In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses allusions to help the reader to understand the setting, and irony to show character and develop theme. Prejudice, in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, is described as the “simple hell people give other people without even thinking”, and the novel powerfully portrays examples of racial and social prejudice. Body Paragraph #1: Harper Lee uses allusions to help the reader better understand the setting to better understand the book and it’s many themes. A part of a quote from chapter one states, “disturbance between the North and South”. This refers to the Civil War in 1861-1865, which gives the reader an estimated time period of which the book took place in, also relating to the segregation.
During the trial, Dill is distraught by the way Mr. Gilmer, the prosecutor, speaks to Tom. Dill does not think anyone has the business to talk that way and “that old Mr. Gilmer doin’ him thataway, talking so hateful to him,” (265) made him sick. Mr. Gilmer interrogates questions like “Are you being impudent to me, boy,” (264) and acts toward Tom as if he is an untamed animal being trained and not a full-grown adult. Although Tom Robinson is treated harshly, Jem believes Atticus, the defendant lawyer and their father, has won the case because of the strong evidences presented and the fact that Tom is innocent (279). When the jury pronounce Tom guilty, Jem is exasperated and “his hands were white from gripping the balcony rail, and his shoulder jerked as if each ‘guilty’ was a separate stab between them,” (282).
Justice Fried knew that the mass hysteria of child molestation had in fact affected the case. He also admitted that the children had been asked questions in a way that elicited a certain answer, one that confirmed the biases of all the prosecutors. To make matters worse Justice Fried also knew that the children 's testimonies were unlikely and knew how the defendant 's constitutional right of confronting their accusers had been violated. In the end Justice Fried’s position in the case was predetermined, it seems as if he did not even give the Amiraults a chance to prove their innocence. I think that Justice Fried was very biased and was not impartial at all and he did not adequately do what he was supposed to do in the situation presented to
Atticus showed moral courage defending a black man when the people in the courtroom continue to wait for the news of guilty. Lee gave Tom Robinson a sad outcome which leads to courage. In the novel, Atticus stated that Robinson is dead to his sister, Aunt Alexandra, and it created a really depressing and sad mood. Lee made the death sound really horrible and in a way to show moral courage in the characters. Atticus described that the guards “...fired a few shots in the air, then to kill.
Of the numerous themes from Harper Lee’s famous novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, one stands out, injustice. This subject appears multiple times throughout the book. Firstly, Mr. Ewell demonstrates injustice towards the Finch family by insulting them and harming them. Again injustice shows itself in Tom Robinson’s false accusation. Lastly, this horrible topic becomes apparent in Aunt Alexandra’s actions towards Calpurnia.