While reading To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, I found that all the characters fit into different archetypes. Characters whose archetypes stood out the most is Atticus, who is the warrior or protector. Miss Maudie stood out as the earth mother and Bob Ewell is the sadist. Atticus is the warrior or protector. In the book Atticus always did the right thing.
A very similar thing happens in To Kill a Mockingbird, when Bob Ewell accuses Tom Robinson of raping his daughter Mayella, but Atticus proves that it was most likely Bob who did it. Bob Ewell, Mayella’s dad, the person who should be protecting her at all costs. The most common injustice in the novel appears when the kids find the case between Tom Robinson and the Ewell family to be unfair, highly illogical, and racist. When the verdict of guilty is revealed to the town, Jem becomes upset and says, “You just can’t convict a man on evidence like that- you can’t”
Even though she did a horrible thing, accusing an innocent man of rape and getting him killed, she did it because she was scared. Mayella Ewell deserves to have some sympathy, she is beaten, she is poor, she was compelled to lie about Tom because of her father. Bob Ewell is a very horrible and grungy man. He beats his kids, especially Mayella. There
Bad Reputation In any community, no matter the size , everybody has a reputation. Reputation reveals what a community thinks of them and how the person acts within the community. In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, Lee’s goal is to expose how reputation is created in a community and the negative effects it has on individuals. Lee uses dramatic interactions and experiences with characters who are considered outcasts in the book to exemplify how reputation negatively affect individuals. First, Lee introduces Burris Ewell in Scout’s first grade class.
It is clear that Juror Ten’s uncompromising belief that the accused is guilty is because of his dislike for the boy’s race. His prejudice is clear when he says that “I’ve lived among ‘em all my life. You can’t believe a word they say” when speaking about the boy (16). Juror Ten’s prejudice causes him to disregard all of the facts that are presented to him by Juror Eight that can prove that the accused is not guilty. Juror 10 allows his prejudice to blind him of the truth.
Near the end of the book, the mockingbird shows up again but this time to represent a certain person. “Underwood simply figured it was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing sitting, or escaping. He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children…” -pg 241. The mockingbird indicates Tom Robinson’s innocence. It’s a sin to kill a mockingbird like it was a sin to kill Tom.
The final way that shows how labels can affect people is negativity. There is so much negativity in this book, like when the book mentioned how the Ewells were not liked. “ The Ewells have been the disgrace of maycomb for three generations.”(Lee 30) This is true and nobody in Maycomb likes the Ewells. The only reason that people were on their side for the trial was because Tom was black and the people were racist that stood against him, They didn 't stand by the Ewells because they liked them. This book shows how labels can affect almost everyone and shows how you can be judged on almost anything.
During the trial of Tom Robinson Jem and Scout see adults being prejudiced for the first time. Not only does this destroy their sense of innocence but it also shows them how the evils of prejudice affect everyone. Seeing many adults whom they look up to sanctioning the execution of an innocent man makes these evils even more clear and spurs change in Jem and Scout. This is made evident when, after the trial, Jem runs up to Atticus acting very maudlin and saying “ It ain’t right Atticus”(284). This shows that he has finally realized how ubiquitous prejudice is and that it is truly grievous.
Harper Lee demonstrates the important theme “Power of words” in her novel To Kill a Mockingbird.Throughout this novel there is no one better than Atticus Finch at using the power of words. Atticus strongly uses his words during the trial to make Bob Ewell look bad. “ Will you write your name and show us?” ( Lee 236) Atticus asks a question that makes Mr. Ewell look uneducated and oblivious. Another example of power of words is when Atticus was approached by Mr. Ewell who cussed him out, yelled at him to fight, and then spat in his face. After all of this Atticus just responds with “ No to old” ( Lee 291).
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others.