The Civil War was a monumental bloodshed, which was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States, from 1861 to 1865. The primary cause of the war was the Southern states' desire to preserve the institution of slavery, which did not please the beliefs of the North. At the beginning of the Civil War, twenty-two million people lived in the North and 9 million people, which included four million of whom were slaves, lived in the South. The North, led by President Abraham Lincoln and his trusted generals, had more money, more factories, more horses, more railroads, and more food than the south. These advantages made the United States much more powerful than the Confederate States, which ultimately led to Northern victory. The article Why The South Lost the Civil war explains the essentials reasons as to why the South did not have …show more content…
One, in particular, would be the North’s abundance of soldiers. Edwin C. Bearss claims, “The South lost the Civil War because of a number of factors. It was inherently weaker in the various essentials to win a military victory in the North. The north had a population of more than twenty-two million people to the South’s nine and a half million of whom four and a half million were slaves”. With the North having more people to go to war with, it was clear their army would be able to defeat the South. The rising numbers of death in the South tremendously weakened their army, which allowed for a Northern succession. William C. Davis asserts, “Industrially the South couldn’t keep up in output and in manpower. By the end of the war, the South had, more or less, plenty of weaponry still, but it just didn’t have enough men to use the guns”. Having such a small army, the South was not able to sustain a decent amount of soldiers for the war. Henceforth, the Northern advantage of having more soldiers had a large impact on the Southern loss in the Civil
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Addressing books like the How the North Won the Civil War as well as Why the South Lost the Civil War, this book highlights and stresses how the subject has been constantly and continually written about by prominent historians. “Most historians,” the historians posit, “still largely ascribe Confederate defeat to… military strategy, military superiority, leadership, political factors, diplomacy, and the tension between localism and centralism.” The author combat this by addressing new interpretations over the same question, theorizing that some reasons, such as “issues of the blockade, states’ rights, battlefield success, economic development, resources, and the like,” do not adequately explain the reasons for Confederate loss. Moreover, much of the methodology and sourcing utilized in the book rely on both primary and secondary resources. Relying on statistics and other accounts from voices present during the time for primary sourcing, a prime realization over how well researched the book is comes from the biographical essays toward the back of the book, which spans almost twenty pages; a testament to how many secondary sources were
The North had many advantages over the South the helped them win the civil war. These reasons included a central leadership, more resources, and recruiting black men for their armies. These reasons helped the North win the civil war and play a big part in how successful they would be. With having advantages, better tactics when fighting, and also a higher population, the North would use strategic planning to fight the South and ultimately win the civil war.
Resources and geography played a substantial role in the battle plans and victory of the Confederates, as well as helped secure a major victory in the U.S. Civil War. During the time of the battle, the Confederates were outnumbered with resources in comparison to the Union. The Union had about 97,382 soldiers, and the Confederates had about 57,352 soldiers. The South was lacking basics like proper food, clothing, shoes, and were weak after the strong winter. They didn’t have sufficient resources due to their inadequacy of wealth.
The South didn’t stick to their plan and when they went offensive they loss the battle. These advantages worked against the South, but I believe that slavery had the greatest impact on the South losing the war. Moreover, the South’s pride was the slaves; so when the slaves began to abandon the South and fight for the North this had the greatest impact with the South losing. The slaves added to the number of soldiers that the North had and production in the South slowed down because the slaves did the labor work for the
April 12, 1861, the day that the Confederates and the Union squared off in a Civil War that ended with a disastrous number of 600,000 fatalities. Several Compromises failed to fulfill their purpose of slavery and the issue of tariffs began to deteriorate the United States economically. Popular sovereignty and representatives in Congress determined the states rights for themselves. The Civil War was caused by the state’s rights and their need to escape the Union, slavery which poised a great threat to the breakable United States, and the economic differences that identified the strength and weaknesses of the North and South.
The North had many advantages. They beat the South in population they could draw soldiers from. The North had 22 million citizens where the South only had 5.5 million citizens. The North could transport supplies and people faster because of their roads, canals, and railroads. However the South disconnected from itself with barely any railroads and hard to move soldiers and goods from place to place.
After four long years, the Unions won the war which saw to it that both parties ended up as a united nation once again. The North overpowered and defeated the South due to a number of reasons as illustrate below. To begin with, the fact that the South majored in agriculture made them to be left behind in terms of industrialization, an important factor during the civil war since fabricated merchandise was highly regarded than agricultural products. The North was therefore privileged to be in a better position in production of armory since it was able to host firms that manufactured ammunitions and war locomotives. The South was poorer, since cotton was no longer making ready income and they only had a few manufacturing origins.
To a greater extent, slavery was the greatest cause of the outbreak of the civil war in 1860. Disputes of slavery caused economic and political troubles between the northern and southern states leading up to the civil war. The fact the the northern and southern states were different in almost every way caused them to turn out like completely different territories, one of their greatest differences was the fact that most southern states economy relied on hard labour, agricultural jobs like tobacco in Maryland, and cotton in Virginia; this caused their economy to be more based on the labour of slaves than the more developed territories in the north (Harrold), who after this time was starting to not need the slave labour in their territories because after early 1800’s, the industrial revolution had been spreading to America, and the country developed very quickly. But in this expansion, only the north states were getting the effect of the industrial revolution, meaning the north would not need slave
The economic impact of the war as is true in most if not all cases of war are that the spoils of war are the reward of the victors. The South was already in a weaker position in the industrial strength of its geographical coalition that it was amazing that they were as close to actually succeeding in their mission. They lacked the ability to replenish their troops with guns and ammunition and in many cases had to gather this gear from failed Confederate and Union soldiers. While in the north with a large population and a more sustained economy they were to accomplish the
There were three main causes of the civil war including slavery, sectionalism and secession. Slavery was a huge part of it and it led to the Missouri Compromise where any states below the border would be slave states and the anything north of that was free states. (Mrs. Wise) "The south feared the declaration of freedom for the slaves by government leaders in the North." Next, sectionalism. Sectionalism-
The South squandered their resources early in the war by focusing on conventional offensives instead of non-conventional raids on the Union’s transportation and communication infrastructure. General Lee’s offensive at Gettysburg war had a high cost in casualties, destroying a large part of the Confederate
The American Civil War was the war that ended slavery. The civil war was known as one of the bloodiest and deadliest conflicts the United States had ever seen. The loss of life was an estimated amount of 620,000 men. It lasted four years, from April 12, 1861, through May 9, 1865. However, while slavery was a major cause of the American Civil War, there were several other major factors.
Although they did have some disadvantages and those were that they had few factories to produce weapons, railroad tracts, and other supplies. They had few railroads to move troops and vital supplies. The south had a small population, and about 9 million lived in the confederacy and 22 million in the union. They had more than ⅓ rd of the population was enslaved; therefore they had fewer people that could be soldiers. There was a lot of strength and weaknesses including that even though the north had a bigger population the south had an army almost equal in size during the first year of the
If the south would have won key battles the outcome of the war would have changed. Second, the short-term impacts of the civil war would have changed. African-Americans would still be slaves, and Americans lives would have shifted. Also, the long-term impacts of the civil war would have been different. The leadership of the U.S would have changed, and our government system would have changed too.