Another concern of immigration, is the idea that immigrants will be a fiscal burden on its host country due to the welfare magnet hypothesis, (Borjas, 1999) as low-skilled immigrants are attracted to countries with high social benefits. In the long run, it can be proved that migrants improve their host country’s GDP by boosting their economy and increasing economic
Our current immigration policy is causing problems and has loopholes. Although there are challenges to reforming our policy, there are major consequences for not reforming the policy. The reform can be done and my ideas for the reforming plan will help eliminate illegal immigration and give illegal parents of US citizens a pathway to citizenship. It is no secret that our nation’s current immigration policy needs some work. Not only is it extremely hard to become a citizen, but our borders are loose and too many illegal immigrants are entering our country and hurting our economy.
Immigration laws have had an impact on the past, as the Chinese Exclusion Act and the National Origins Act are two out of hundreds of laws that were made to limit immigration. Currently, similar laws and actions are taking place with regards to a wall on the southern border of Mexico, and the exclusion of immigration from Middle East countries. With immigration laws playing a huge part in our present, and an even larger part in our past, future laws and disputes are inevitable, and will continue to be hotly contested in the US. However, immigration laws and the discrimination against immigrants needs to change. Immigrants provide this country with an immeasurable number of benefits, and limiting immigration will only leave the United States at a disadvantage to other countries.
2.1 Local Law Enforcement Law enforcement is one of the factors that can lead to high rate of a trafficking activities especially in child and sex trafficking. According to UNHCR (2011), on Malaysia, it has stated that the government does not fully comply with the minimum standards to eliminate trafficking, even so reported that the government is making significant efforts to curtail human trafficking. A part from that, The federal government United States has prioritized human trafficking particularly in women and children prosecution and expect local law enforcement to become the eyes and ears for recognizing, uncovering and respond to circumstances that may appear to be a human trafficking cases (U.S. Department of Justice, 2004). Prioritization
From every part of the world, immigrants cross the borders of America in order to follow the “American Dream”. The United States is a well-known nation due to the job opportunities it provides to people. Due to the lack of jobs opportunities and economy from other countries, illegal immigrants started to move into the U.S. in search for a better job. Moreover, immigrants are getting their dreams jobs, while citizens think they are taking their jobs. As a result, citizens are protesting and saying that illegal immigrants are damaging the job opportunities for citizens.
This is such hot topic to discuss, because there so much turmoil over whether to make them citizens or to spend time and money deport them. Seems like there is no right answer in solving this issue.But, the United States needs help in improving certain things making more revenue by taxes, supplying the skilled workforce, and families being torn apart by deportation. This outweighs the negatives like increase of illegal drugs, and human tracking. These things have been going on since the middle ages, so there is no real way to stop this,always been apart of human culture and will continue. By, creating a path to citizenship will take care of these problems that will impact the future growth of our
1.2: Problem Identification In 1990s the integration of developing countries increased sharply with the global economy by changing in their economic policies and lowering the barriers faced in trade and investment. FDI is supposed to be beneficial to a Less Developed Country (LDC). The developing countries offers foreign companies, attractive investment opportunities and has adopted a number of liberal policies to attract foreign direct investment into these countries and these countries seems to offer perhaps one of the most moderate FDI systems in South Asia. To draw FDI by introducing regulatory in the developing countries investment of entrepreneurship, for that attempt through IMF and World Bank is to provide fewer incentives to domestic investors as compared to foreign investors. The foreign investors are getting benefit as compare to domestic investors because of modern technology, due to production costs and skill acquisition but they are able to learn in their own country and modernize their techniques.
One of the most cited articles in economic integration literature is that of Abdel Jaber (1971). According to this study, welfare impacts of economic integration arrangements among developing countries should incorporate employment, productivity, and income effects in addition to the production and consumption effects. Furthermore, a number of studies have argued that economic integration among developing countries should not be treated as a tariff issue but as an approach to economic development. For instance, Roberson (1970) argued that the theories of economic integration have merely focused on gains of better resource allocation, whereas economic development is concerned with the employment of idle resources and better deployment of under-utilized resources to stimulate faster long-run growth. Another worth mentioning study is that of Mikesell (1965).
It elucidates that the migrant workers possibly delay or reduce the remittance to their home countries to avoid losing in exchange rate during the currency appreciation which denotes strong economic condition of home countries. On the contrary, they might remit more to profit from exchange rate depreciation which indicates adverse economic situation of home country. The result is in line with the papers of Singh et al. (2011) and van Eyden et al. (2011).