Migration Barriers To Refugees

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Contrary to popular belief, migrants are not diseased people; however, the actual process of migrating, depending on the conditions encountered, makes migrants particularly susceptible to physical, environmental, social and psychological problems.5 In short, the migration process makes migrants and refugees vulnerable. Infectious and communicable diseases may spread in conditions where health hygiene and sanitation are poor. Likewise, the incidence of non-communicable diseases may be distributed inequitably due to the stresses of migration and the lack of access to the necessary medical services both in the countries of origin and the receiving states. Psychosocial illnesses like anxiety and depression from traumatic experiences, for example war, may lead to migrants having problems with substance abuse. To further compound their quandaries, migrants and refugees face stark differences in cultures, racism and language barriers, which are all barricades to their integration into the receiving societies.6

The European refugee crisis, was so coined because of the colossal increase in migrants in 2015. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has released estimates reaching over one million people from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq between the period January 2015 and March 2016. This total excludes the numbers of people that were coming from other south-west Asian countries and Africa. Nearly half of the million people that arrived from the predominantly

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