Dumanovsky's Calorie Case Study Answers

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Tamara Dumanovsky, PhD, Christina Y. Huang, MPH, Mary T. Bassett, MD, MPH, and Lynn D. Silver, MD, MPH in “Consumer Awareness of Fast-food Calorie Information in NYC after Implementation of a Menu Labeling Regulation” explore how having food’s calories posted clearly in a restaurant affects purchases if they are seen by the consumer. After fast food consumption became linked with obesity, New York began requiring chains, to post calorie information on menus and menu boards. While some chains began posting calorie information in 2007, most companies did not begin posting until it was enforced with a fine in 2008. The overall finding was that once calorie was information was posted in menus and on menu boards, the percentage of customers who saw the information increased. Previously, chains had posted this information on packaging, tray liners, pamphlets, and online in which case, mostly went unnoticed. Dumanovsky’s etc al., findings show that having blatant calorie postings resulted in an increase in customers reporting that they had seen the information with an increase of from 34% (pre-enforcement) to 73% (post enforcement). Despite this increase in calorie awareness, generally only 27% of people reported using that …show more content…

Richardson’s etc al. hypothesis is that those living in neighborhoods with more fast food availability would eat fast food more frequently. As a result, they set up a study relating population density with fast food restaurants density in urban and non-urban areas across the US. Eventually defining “fast food availability as the number of chain fast food restaurants per 100 kilometers of roadway within a 3 km

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