Many similarities and differences exists between our state and federal governments, The Federal Government’s foreword states all Federal Government will have total control of justice, safety, and freedom of the entire United States, rather than each state individually. As the history books states, America was founded on a specific type of government termed federalism, defined as its power is divided between the state (local) governments, and the federal government. Every state has its own Constitution, that is derived from the US Constitution. The State Government oversees the duties described within its Constitution, but shall not disagree with any amendment within the United States Constitution. The Federal Government Segway into three …show more content…
These members chosen by the President are named Justices. Justices terms are for life, meaning they are a Justice until either 1. Death. 2. Retirement. or 3. Impeachment by the House of Representatives and Conviction by the Senate. Usually, the Judicial Branch is led by the highest court of the state (Supreme Court). The Supreme Courts focus is correcting errors that are made in courts below the Supreme Court, and in cases that must do with the consistency of court rulings in regard to the Constitution. Exactly how the judicial branch is set up varies from state to state, and is determined by the states constitution or the Legislative Branch, depending on the State. Congress is given the power through the Constitution to decide how many justices there are in the Supreme Court, and to create courts below the Supreme Court, to take the easier cases. In almost every state their Congress has established what we call the ‘district courts’, which try many of the federal cases, and Congress has established 13 ‘courts of appeals’, which review the district court cases that are …show more content…
The context of this paragraph will highlight some of the most important command groups tasked with our nations defenses (Chapter 2, Joint Publication 3-27). The Secretary of Defense (SecDef), who exercises direction, control, and authority, is the President’s senior assistant at all matters related to the Department of Defense. As directed by the President of the SecDef, the Commander, United States North Command (CDRUSNORTHCOM), is responsible for conducting military offensive operations within the USNORTHCOM Area of Responsibility by using forces to detect, deter, or defeat enemy intrusion into United States territories. The USNORTHCOM Commander has Combat Command (COCOM) over the Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force component commands with a support from the United States Navy component. Deployment and Executive Orders usually establish command relations when active duty forces are attached to the command for Homeland Defense operations. In addition, the National Guard forces may also conduct Homeland Defense operations as state active duty personnel when approved by the SecDef. While USNORTHCOM is primarily responsible for the protection of US sovereign territory, the Commander, United States Pacific Command (CDRPACOM), is responsible for the local population and critical infrastructure of US territories. These territories include the Federated States
There are also no juries or witnesses and it involves only lawyers from both sides that argue the law and answer any questions the judges may have. There are seven judges at this level or one Chief Justice and six judges on the panel. The Chief Justice is elected by the court?s sitting judges and is elected a two-year term. Cases can be appealed to the Supreme Court that were heard in the Circuit Courts or the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court can override those courts decisions. The Supreme Court?s role is to guarantee a firm and reasonable judicial system and is the final arbitrator in disagreements that involve the state?s constitution and laws.
First, Federalism, created by the Constitution, prevented tyranny by divided the government into central (federal) government and state government. Federalism provides “double security” by the fact that each government controls each other while controlling themselves. According to Document A, by James Madison, the state government deals with personal, moral, cultural, and local issues. Also according to Document A, the central government deals with issues concerning trade, foreign relations, providing an army and navy, and printing and coining
The Judicial branch, just like the other branches, have to provide checks and balances on the other branches. The Judicial branch's check on the Legislative branch is to as stated previously, remove any laws from order if they are deemed unconstitutional. This means that the Supreme Court will review the law, check all aspects of it to the constitution, and from here a law can now go two ways. It can be deemed constitutional and be left alone, or it can be deemed unconstitutional and be overridden.
The Supreme Court is a federal court, the highest body in the judicial branch of the United States government. The Supreme Court contains a chief justice and eight associate justices. All of these are appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate. The Supreme Court contains the plaintiff, defendant, chief lawyer for plaintiffs, chief defense lawyer, justices of the court, and the justices dissenting. The plaintiff is a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
It is a separate branch of government that is meant to interpret the law. Throughout the course of American history, it has largely remained apolitical. The law is supposed to move slowly, and not change every four years. In 1937, Franklin Roosevelt had a bill which would have allowed him to appoint six additional justices to SCOTUS, which would increase the number of justices from nine to fifteen. This was made in order for his political party to have their liberal ideology represented on the high court, as the court's ideology was viewed as
But on the other hand, the national government does not do everything that needs to be done, states can still do many things, do them differently from other states, and the national government cannot interfere. Federalism was put into the constitution because the Articles allowed the Continental Congress the power to sign treaties and declare war, but failed to
Today the Supreme Court is the highest court in the land and is very important as it was back then. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices. The President of the United States still nominates the positions and the Supreme Court is run very similar to the way it was in the beginning.
This country was founded with the attempt to separate the federal government and the state government, known as federalism. The goal of federalism is to divide the power of state and federal governments, protect the rights of the state, and prevent tyranny of the majority. Throughout the years, federalism turned into dual federalism where the state and federal government were completely independent of each other and only shared a dependency on the Constitution. The united states suppressing now to cooperative federalism, the national government has assumed even more power, overruling the states with Supreme Court decisions and actions, and executive Orders. Furthermore, the Federal government should grant their state governments more power, due to the connection the state governments hold with their local people.
The people who serve are called associate justices. There are 8 of them ,and one leader a total of 9! The leader is called the chief justices are approved by the president and the senate they serve for life .They can only lose their job by impeachment .There are 12 court of appeals , There are 2 important legal concepts. Amendments
The Judicial Branch incorporates the Supreme Court, the most noteworthy court in the United States, as well as other government courts. The judges of the Supreme Court are selected by the president and must be endorsed by Senate. Federal cases, such as Marbury vs. Madison, made the Supreme Court "a separate branch of government on par with Congress and the" executive branch (McBride, 2007, P.1). The motivation behind this case was to affirm the power of the Supreme Court to survey law, to figure out if or not that law is sacred, and to set up the check and offsets. We see these techniques existing today in our nation, in light of the fact that every branch can check the other to keep one branch from turning out to be too intense from the others, as legal over official can pronounce official activities illegal, official over legal can select Supreme Court judges, Legislative over Judicial can change the size of government court framework and the quantity of Supreme Court judges, and so on.
Differences between this aspect of state government and national government is the laws that are created in the state are only for the state, so the laws do not affect national government. State officials may not have as much power as the officials who work with the
A federalist government is one with a Central government and many smaller state governments. This was an effective way to prevent tyranny because Central government still had power, but the States still could control their respective state. There is venn diagram in
It is the circuit court’s responsibility to review federal and state appellate court cases, evaluate judicial interpretations of the law, and reflect on any constitutional issues within each case. The U.S. Supreme Court or the court of last resort, is the highest court in the United States. It is the only court mandated by the constitution.
The three levels within the federal courts are: the U.S. Magistrate Courts, the U.S. District Courts, the U.S. Courts of Appeals, and the U.S. Supreme Court. The magistrate courts are the lowest level and as such are limited to trying misdemeanors, setting bail amounts and assisting the district courts. The U.S. District Courts are the federal branch of original jurisdiction courts. These are responsible for criminal trials and giving guilty or not guilty verdicts. The U.S. Courts of Appeals are responsible for all the appeals from U.S. district courts.
Federalism helped the Constitution guard against tyranny by specifying which powers belong to the Federal government and which ones belong to the State government. This separation leads to a double security so that the state government can watch the federal government and the federal can watch the state. James Madison states in his Federalist Papers #51(Document A), “power surrendered by the people is first divided between two