Federal Government Vs State Government

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The United States is composed of national and state governments that all unite to help the people of this country. Under U.S Constitution a federal system was created declaring the National Government as the possessive supreme political authority. States are also allowed to be sovereign, deriving their power from people through their state’s constitution. The federalist system allows that each state has its own constitution, but they must comply with the U.S Constitution. The differences between the National Government and a State Government are seen in the laws and powers described in a state constitutions and in the U.S Constitution.
State Constitution clearly explain the source of power and authority, delegate and specify how the power …show more content…

While the National Government takes charge of printing money, declaring war, establishing an army and navy, enter treaties with foreign governments, etc. The State Governments are given the power to create establish local governments for specific areas, such as known counties in the Gulf Coast area like, Harris, Matagorda, Jackson, Brazoria, Liberty, Matagorda, etc. State Governments are also in charge of issuing licenses whether it’s a drivers or marriage license. They are also responsible for providing public health and public safety, such as police departments, fire departments, and hospitals. Another power that is given to state governments is the transportation of the people. This includes building highways, streets, rails, and providing public transportation. Also, something different that differs national government and state governments that that each state has its own rules of the rate of income state taxes they collect. In Texas we only collect federal taxes, but New York, California, Louisiana, and other states are taken federal and state income taxes.
The national government and state government share power in many areas, but in order to control the power given to the executive branch the Tenth amendment in the Bill of Rights, “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people” allowed equal power to the federal government, the state government and the people. By distributing this power it allows higher authority and the citizens to take charge of this country and its

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